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Zuni Origins

Zuni Origins PDF
Author: David A. Gregory
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
Release: 2009-12-01
ISBN: 0816528934
Size: 12.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 517
View: 1867

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Zuni Origins

by David A. Gregory, Zuni Origins Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Zuni Origins books, The Zuni are a Southwestern people whose origins have long intrigued anthropologists. This volume presents fresh approaches to that question from both anthropological and traditional perspectives, exploring the origins of the tribe and the influences that have affected their way of life. Utilizing macro-regional approaches, it brings together many decades of research in the Zuni and Mogollon areas, incorporating archaeological evidence, environmental data, and linguistic analyses to propose new links among early Southwestern peoples. The findings reported here postulate the differentiation of the Zuni language at least 7,000 to 8,000 years ago, following the initial peopling of the hemisphere, and both formulate and test the hypothesis that many Mogollon populations were Zunian speakers. Some of the contributions situate Zuni within the developmental context of Southwestern societies from Paleoindian to Mogollon. Others test the Mogollon-Zuni hypothesis by searching for contrasts between these and neighboring peoples and tracing these contrasts through macro-regional analyses of environments, sites, pottery, basketry, and rock art. Several studies of late prehistoric and protohistoric settlement systems in the Zuni area then express more cautious views on the Mogollon connection and present insights from Zuni traditional history and cultural geography. Two internationally known scholars then critique the essays, and the editors present a new research design for pursuing the question of Zuni origins. By taking stock and synthesizing what is currently known about the origins of the Zuni language and the development of modern Zuni culture, Zuni Origins is the only volume to address this subject with such a breadth of data and interpretations. It will prove invaluable to archaeologists working throughout the North American Southwest as well as to others struggling with issues of ethnicity, migration, incipient agriculture, and linguistic origins. CONTENTS Foreword by William H. Doelle Preface: Constructing and Refining a Research Design for the Study of Zuni Origins David A. Gregory and David R. Wilcox Acknowledgments Part I Large-Scale Contexts for the Study of Zuni Origins: Language, Culture, and Environment 1. Introduction: The Structure of Anthropological Inquiry into Zuni Origins David R. Wilcox and David A. Gregory 2. Prehistoric Cultural and Linguistic Patterns in the Southwest since 5 BC Cynthia Irwin Williams (1967) 3. The Zuni Language in Southwestern Areal Context Jane H. Hill 4. Archaeological Concepts for Assessing Mogollon-Zuni Connections Jeffery J. Clark 5. The Environmental Context of Linguistic Differentiation and Other Cultural Developments in the Prehistoric Southwest David A. Gregory and Fred L. Nials 6. Zuni-Area Paleoenvironment Jeffrey S. Dean Part II Placing Zuni in the Development of Southwestern Societies: From Paleoindian to Mogollon 7. The Archaic Origins of the Zuni: Preliminary Explorations R. G. Matson 8. Zuni Emergent Agriculture: Economic Strategies and the Origins of Zuni Jonathan E. Damp 9. A Mogollon-Zuni Hypothesis: Paul Sidney Martin and John B. RinaldoÕs Formulation David A. Gregory 10. Adaptation of Man to the Mountains: Revising the Mogollon Concept David A. Gregory and David R. Wilcox (1999) 11. Mogollon Trajectories and Divergences Michael W. Diehl Part III Zuni in the Puebloan World: Mogollon-Zuni Connections 12. Zuni in the Puebloan and Southwestern Worlds David R. Wilcox, David A. Gregory, and J. Brett Hill 13. A Regional Perspective on Ceramics and Zuni Identity, AD 200--1630 Barbara J. Mills 14. Mogollon Pottery Production and Exchange C. Dean Wilson 15. R



The Oxford Handbook Of Southwest Archaeology

The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology PDF
Author: Barbara Mills
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release: 2017-08-15
ISBN: 0190697466
Size: 47.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 888
View: 3475

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The Oxford Handbook Of Southwest Archaeology

by Barbara Mills, The Oxford Handbook Of Southwest Archaeology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Oxford Handbook Of Southwest Archaeology books, The American Southwest is one of the most important archaeological regions in the world, with many of the best-studied examples of hunter-gatherer and village-based societies. Research has been carried out in the region for well over a century, and during this time the Southwest has repeatedly stood at the forefront of the development of new archaeological methods and theories. Moreover, research in the Southwest has long been a key site of collaboration between archaeologists, ethnographers, historians, linguists, biological anthropologists, and indigenous intellectuals. This volume marks the most ambitious effort to take stock of the empirical evidence, theoretical orientations, and historical reconstructions of the American Southwest. Over seventy top scholars have joined forces to produce an unparalleled survey of state of archaeological knowledge in the region. Themed chapters on particular methods and theories are accompanied by comprehensive overviews of the culture histories of particular archaeological sequences, from the initial Paleoindian occupation, to the rise of a major ritual center in Chaco Canyon, to the onset of the Spanish and American imperial projects. The result is an essential volume for any researcher working in the region as well as any archaeologist looking to take the pulse of contemporary trends in this key research tradition.



The Continuous Path

The Continuous Path PDF
Author: Samuel Duwe
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
Release: 2019-04-16
ISBN: 0816539286
Size: 34.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 6209

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The Continuous Path

by Samuel Duwe, The Continuous Path Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Continuous Path books, Southwestern archaeology has long been fascinated with the scale and frequency of movement in Pueblo history, from great migrations to short-term mobility. By collaborating with Pueblo communities, archaeologists are learning that movement was—and is—much more than the result of economic opportunity or a response to social conflict. Movement is one of the fundamental concepts of Pueblo thought and is essential in shaping the identities of contemporary Pueblos. The Continuous Path challenges archaeologists to take Pueblo notions of movement seriously by privileging Pueblo concepts of being and becoming in the interpretation of anthropological data. In this volume, archaeologists, anthropologists, and Native community members weave multiple perspectives together to write histories of particular Pueblo peoples. Within these histories are stories of the movements of people, materials, and ideas, as well as the interconnectedness of all as the Pueblo people find, leave, and return to their middle places. What results is an emphasis on historical continuities and the understanding that the same concepts of movement that guided the actions of Pueblo people in the past continue to do so into the present and the future. Movement is a never-ending and directed journey toward an ideal existence and a continuous path of becoming. This path began as the Pueblo people emerged from the underworld and sought their middle places, and it continues today at multiple levels, integrating the people, the village, and the individual.



The Grand Canyon An Encyclopedia Of Geography History And Culture

The Grand Canyon  An Encyclopedia of Geography  History  and Culture PDF
Author: Randy Moore
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
Release: 2018-06-30
ISBN: 1610698401
Size: 70.95 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 432
View: 1986

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The Grand Canyon An Encyclopedia Of Geography History And Culture

by Randy Moore, The Grand Canyon An Encyclopedia Of Geography History And Culture Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Grand Canyon An Encyclopedia Of Geography History And Culture books, This single-volume encyclopedia examines the Grand Canyon in depth, from the native peoples who have survived there for centuries to the explorers who charted its vast expanses and to the challenges that Grand Canyon National Park faces. • Includes a chronology of important events in the history of the Grand Canyon, helping readers to hone in on key events that occurred during its history • Presents a chronology of important events in the history of the Grand Canyon, helping readers to focus on key events that occurred during its history • Offers a Grand Canyon "at a glance" section that allows readers key statistics about the park • Provides an appendix that gives readers the chance to explore "firsts" in the history of the Grand Canyon as well as to plot the GPS coordinates of major sites at the national park • Features photos from the authors' personal research travels that illuminate the text in such a style as to be different than tour books and trail guides



The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology And Anthropology Of Rock Art

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art PDF
Author: Bruno David
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release: 2018-10-17
ISBN: 0190844957
Size: 60.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1168
View: 2204

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The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology And Anthropology Of Rock Art

by Bruno David, The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology And Anthropology Of Rock Art Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology And Anthropology Of Rock Art books, Rock art is one of the most visible and geographically widespread of cultural expressions, and it spans much of the period of our species' existence. Rock art also provides rare and often unique insights into the minds and visually creative capacities of our ancestors and how selected rock outcrops with distinctive images were used to construct symbolic landscapes and shape worldviews. Equally important, rock art is often central to the expression of and engagement with spiritual entities and forces, and in all these dimensions it signals the diversity of cultural practices, across place and through time. Over the past 150 years, archaeologists have studied ancient arts on rock surfaces, both out in the open and within caves and rock shelters, and social anthropologists have revealed how people today use art in their daily lives. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art showcases examples of such research from around the world and across a broad range of cultural contexts, giving a sense of the art's regional variability, its antiquity, and how it is meaningful to people in the recent past and today - including how we have ourselves tended to make sense of the art of others, replete with our own preconceptions. It reviews past, present, and emerging theoretical approaches to rock art investigation and presents new, cutting-edge methods of rock art analysis for the student and professional researcher alike.



Plundered Skulls And Stolen Spirits

Plundered Skulls and Stolen Spirits PDF
Author: Chip Colwell
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release: 2017-03-08
ISBN: 022629899X
Size: 28.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 348
View: 5276

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Plundered Skulls And Stolen Spirits

by Chip Colwell, Plundered Skulls And Stolen Spirits Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Plundered Skulls And Stolen Spirits books, Introduction -- Resistance: war gods -- Only after night fall -- Keepers of the sky -- Magic relief -- Tribal resolution -- All things will eat themselves up -- This far away -- Regret: a scalp from Sand Creek -- I have come to kill Indians -- The Bones Bill -- We are going back home -- Indian trophies -- Ac.35b -- A wound of the soul -- Reluctance: killer whale flotilla robe -- Masterless things -- Chief Shakes -- Johnson v. Chilkat Indian Village -- Cranes' last stand -- The weight was heavy -- Our culture is not dying -- Respect: Calusa skulls -- The hardest cases -- Long since completely disappeared -- Unidentifiable -- Their place of understanding -- Timeless limbo -- Before we just gave up -- Conclusion



Indian Alliances And The Spanish In The Southwest 750 1750

Indian Alliances and the Spanish in the Southwest  750   1750 PDF
Author: William B. Carter
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
Release: 2012-12-04
ISBN: 080618535X
Size: 73.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 3290

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Indian Alliances And The Spanish In The Southwest 750 1750

by William B. Carter, Indian Alliances And The Spanish In The Southwest 750 1750 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Indian Alliances And The Spanish In The Southwest 750 1750 books, When considering the history of the Southwest, scholars have typically viewed Apaches, Navajos, and other Athabaskans as marauders who preyed on Pueblo towns and Spanish settlements. William B. Carter now offers a multilayered reassessment of historical events and environmental and social change to show how mutually supportive networks among Native peoples created alliances in the centuries before and after Spanish settlement. Combining recent scholarship on southwestern prehistory and the history of northern New Spain, Carter describes how environmental changes shaped American Indian settlement in the Southwest and how Athapaskan and Puebloan peoples formed alliances that endured until the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 and even afterward. Established initially for trade, Pueblo-Athapaskan ties deepened with intermarriage and developments in the political realities of the region. Carter also shows how Athapaskans influenced Pueblo economies far more than previously supposed, and helped to erode Spanish influence. In clearly explaining Native prehistory, Carter integrates clan origins with archeological data and historical accounts. He then shows how the Spanish conquest of New Mexico affected Native populations and the relations between them. His analysis of the Pueblo Revolt reveals that Athapaskan and Puebloan peoples were in close contact, underscoring the instrumental role that Athapaskan allies played in Native anticolonial resistance in New Mexico throughout the seventeenth century. Written to appeal to both students and general readers, this fresh interpretation of borderlands ethnohistory provides a broad view as well as important insights for assessing subsequent social change in the region.



Mother Earth

Mother Earth PDF
Author: Sam D. Gill
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release: 1991-09-24
ISBN: 9780226293721
Size: 24.23 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 206
View: 1420

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Mother Earth

by Sam D. Gill, Mother Earth Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mother Earth books, Attributed to Tecumseh in the early 1800s, this statement is frequently cited to uphold the view, long and widely proclaimed in scholarly and popular literature, that Mother Earth is an ancient and central Native American Figure. In this radical and comprehensive rethinking, Sam D. Gill traces the evolution of female earth imagery in North America from the sixteenth century to the present and reveals how the evolution of the current Mother Earth figure was influenced by prevailing European-American imagery of Americaand the Indians as well as by the rapidly changing Indian identity.



Black Rock

Black Rock PDF
Author: William A. Dodge
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
Release: 2010-02-17
ISBN: 9781604733150
Size: 47.32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 531

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Black Rock

by William A. Dodge, Black Rock Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Black Rock books, To visiting geologists Black Rock, New Mexico, is a basaltic escarpment and an ideal natural laboratory. To hospital workers, Black Rock is a picturesque place to earn a living. To the Zuni, the mesas, arroyos, and the rock itself are a stage on which the passion of their elders is relived. William A. Dodge explores how a shared sense of place evolves over time and through multiple cultures that claim the landscape. Through stories told over many generations, this landscape has given the Zuni an understanding of how they came to be in this world. More recently, paleogeographers have studied the rocks and landforms to better understand the world as it once was. Archaeologists have conducted research on ancestral Zuni sites in the vicinity of Black Rock to explore the cultural history of the region. In addition, the Anglo-American employees of the Bureau of Indian Affairs came to Black Rock to advance the federal Indian policy of assimilation and brought with them their own sense of place. Black Rock has been an educational complex, an agency town, and an Anglo community. Today it is a health care center, commercial zone, and multi-ethnic subdivision. By describing the dramatic changes that took place at Black Rock during the twentieth century, Dodge deftly weaves a story of how the cultural landscape of this community reflected changes in government policy and how the Zunis themselves, through the policy of Indian self-determination, eventually gave new meanings to this ancient landscape.



Mediating Knowledges

Mediating Knowledges PDF
Author: Gwyneira Isaac
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
Release: 2007
ISBN: 9780816526239
Size: 52.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 207
View: 6416

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Mediating Knowledges

by Gwyneira Isaac, Mediating Knowledges Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mediating Knowledges books, This book tells the story of the search by the Zuni people for a culturally relevant public institution to help them maintain their heritage for future generations. Using a theoretical perspective grounded in knowledge systems, it examines how Zunis developed the A:shiwi A:wan Museum and Heritage Center to mediate between Zuni and Anglo-American values of history and culture. By using in-depth interviews, previously inaccessible archival records, and extensive ethnographic observations, Gwyneira Isaac provides firsthand accounts of the Zunis and non-Zunis involved in the development of the museum. These personal narratives provide insight into the diversity of perspectives found within the community, as well as tracing the ongoing negotiation of the relationship between Zuni and Anglo-American cultures. In particular, Isaac examines how Zunis, who transmit knowledge about their history through oral tradition and initiation into religious societies, must navigate the challenge of utilizing Anglo-American museum practices, which privilege technology that aids the circulation of knowledge beyond its original narrators. This book provides a much-needed contemporary ethnography of a Pueblo community recognized for its restrictive approach to outside observers. The complex interactions between Zunis and anthropologists explored here, however, reveal not only Puebloan but also Anglo-American attitudes toward secrecy and the control of knowledge.