Weaponized Lies

Weaponized Lies PDF
Author: Daniel J. Levitin
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1524742228
Size: 56.42 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 4770

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Previously Published as A Field Guide to Lies We’re surrounded by fringe theories, fake news, and pseudo-facts. These lies are getting repeated. New York Times bestselling author Daniel Levitin shows how to disarm these socially devastating inventions and get the American mind back on track. Here are the fundamental lessons in critical thinking that we need to know and share now. Investigating numerical misinformation, Daniel Levitin shows how mishandled statistics and graphs can give a grossly distorted perspective and lead us to terrible decisions. Wordy arguments on the other hand can easily be persuasive as they drift away from the facts in an appealing yet misguided way. The steps we can take to better evaluate news, advertisements, and reports are clearly detailed. Ultimately, Levitin turns to what underlies our ability to determine if something is true or false: the scientific method. He grapples with the limits of what we can and cannot know. Case studies are offered to demonstrate the applications of logical thinking to quite varied settings, spanning courtroom testimony, medical decision making, magic, modern physics, and conspiracy theories. This urgently needed book enables us to avoid the extremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection. As Levitin attests: Truth matters. A post-truth era is an era of willful irrationality, reversing all the great advances humankind has made. Euphemisms like “fringe theories,” “extreme views,” “alt truth,” and even “fake news” can literally be dangerous. Let's call lies what they are and catch those making them in the act.

Weaponized Lies Deluxe

Weaponized Lies Deluxe PDF
Author: Daniel J. Levitin
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1524742279
Size: 46.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 2655

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This deluxe eBook (previously published as A Field Guide to Lies Deluxe) features six videos from Daniel Levitin, with more examples, anecdotes, and added visual guides. We’re surrounded by fringe theories, fake news, and pseudo-facts. These lies are getting repeated. New York Times bestselling author Daniel Levitin shows how to disarm these socially devastating inventions and get the American mind back on track. Here are the fundamental lessons in critical thinking that we need to know and share now. Investigating numerical misinformation, Daniel Levitin shows how mishandled statistics and graphs can give a grossly distorted perspective and lead us to terrible decisions. Wordy arguments on the other hand can easily be persuasive as they drift away from the facts in an appealing yet misguided way. The steps we can take to better evaluate news, advertisements, and reports are clearly detailed. Ultimately, Levitin turns to what underlies our ability to determine if something is true or false: the scientific method. He grapples with the limits of what we can and cannot know. Case studies are offered to demonstrate the applications of logical thinking to quite varied settings, spanning courtroom testimony, medical decision making, magic, modern physics, and conspiracy theories. This urgently needed book enables us to avoid the extremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection. As Levitin attests: Truth matters. A post-truth era is an era of willful irrationality, reversing all the great advances humankind has made. Euphemisms like "fringe theories," "extreme views," "alt truth," and even "fake news" can literally be dangerous. Let's call lies what they are and catch those making them in the act.

Naked Economics

Naked Economics PDF
Author: Charles Wheelan
Publisher: VCH
ISBN: 9783527506125
Size: 26.94 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 410
View: 6768

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Warum zahlt der Mann, der im Flugzeug neben Ihnen sitzt, so viel mehr für seinen Sitzplatz (oder auch viel weniger), obwohl er doch dieselbe Strecke zurücklegt und dasselbe Essen serviert bekommt? Was haben Finanzmärkte und Investmentstrategien mit einer Diät gemeinsam? Welchen Platz und Nutzen haben staatliche Einflussnahmen in der ökonomischen Realität der freien Marktwirtschaft? Welche Rolle spielen die amerikanische Fed und verwandte Institutionen wie die Europäische Zentralbank in Bezug auf Inflation und Wirtschaftswachstum? Täglich begegnen uns solche und andere wirtschaftliche Phänomene und häufig stoßen wir an unsere Grenzen, wenn es darum geht, die aufgeworfenen Fragen zu beantworten. Dieses Buch führt Sie durch die wichtigsten Konzepte der Wirtschaft und stellt sie bar der mathematischen Komplexität auf so intuitive und unterhaltsame Weise dar, dass Sie es nicht mehr aus der Hand legen wollen. Ein Buch, das zugleich unterhält, lehrt und provoziert.

A Field Guide To Lies

A Field Guide to Lies PDF
Author: Daniel J. Levitin
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0593182529
Size: 68.42 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 6518

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Winner of the National Business Book Award From the New York Times bestselling author of The Organized Mind and This Is Your Brain on Music, a primer to the critical thinking that is more necessary now than ever We are bombarded with more information each day than our brains can process—especially in election season. It's raining bad data, half-truths, and even outright lies. New York Times bestselling author Daniel J. Levitin shows how to recognize misleading announcements, statistics, graphs, and written reports, revealing the ways lying weasels can use them. It's becoming harder to separate the wheat from the digital chaff. How do we distinguish misinformation, pseudo-facts, and distortions from reliable information? Levitin groups his field guide into two categories—statistical information and faulty arguments—ultimately showing how science is the bedrock of critical thinking. Infoliteracy means understanding that there are hierarchies of source quality and bias that variously distort our information feeds via every media channel, including social media. We may expect newspapers, bloggers, the government, and Wikipedia to be factually and logically correct, but they so often aren't. We need to think critically about the words and numbers we encounter if we want to be successful at work, at play, and in making the most of our lives. This means checking the plausibility and reasoning—not passively accepting information, repeating it, and making decisions based on it. Readers learn to avoid the extremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection. Levitin's charming, entertaining, accessible guide can help anyone wake up to a whole lot of things that aren't so. And catch some weasels in their tracks!

Identit Ten Die Fiktionen Der Zugeh Rigkeit

Identit  ten  Die Fiktionen der Zugeh  rigkeit PDF
Author: Kwame Anthony Appiah
Publisher: Hanser Berlin
ISBN: 3446265104
Size: 31.13 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 320
View: 4864

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"Appiah zerlegt die Dogmen und die Propaganda, die harnäckig bestimmen, wie wir über Identität sprechen." Zadie Smith In den politischen Auseinandersetzungen der Gegenwart wird immer wieder eine Kategorie aufgerufen: Identität. Wer sind wir? Oder besser: Was sind wir? Diese Fragen beantworten wir gewohnheitsmäßig mit kollektiven Kategorien wie Religion, Nationalität, Hautfarbe, Klasse oder Kultur. Kwame Anthony Appiah zeigt, dass hinter den politischen Kategorien von Zugehörigkeit und Abgrenzung häufig paradoxe Zuschreibungen stehen, und schöpft dabei aus einem schier unendlichen Reservoir historischen Wissens sowie persönlicher Erfahrungen – und schafft mit dem Handwerkszeug des Philosophen Ordnung und Orientierung in einer häufig unübersichtlichen und politisch brisanten Diskussion. Sein Buch ist grundlegende Lektüre für eine komplexe Welt.

Wie L Gt Man Mit Statistik

Wie l  gt man mit Statistik PDF
Author: Darrell Huff
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783725403073
Size: 50.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 80
View: 1453

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Fremd In Ihrem Land

Fremd in ihrem Land PDF
Author: Arlie Russell Hochschild
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593507668
Size: 12.59 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 429
View: 1521

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In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ

Publications Combined Fake News Conspiracy Theories And Lies Information Laundering In The 21st Century

Publications Combined  Fake News  Conspiracy Theories  and Lies  Information Laundering In the 21st Century PDF
Author:
Publisher: Jeffrey Frank Jones
ISBN:
Size: 63.98 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 498
View: 7316

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The purpose of this research, broadly speaking, is to expose the threat that fake news poses to our national security. This thesis answers the question: Can the information laundering model, or a modified version of it, be used to explain how the internet is exploited to spread fake news, and the resulting threat to the United States? I assert that a well-crafted narrative, whether true or false, can be spread rapidly online due to the accessibility and interconnectedness of the internet ecosystem. I then articulate how these narratives can be further accelerated and disseminated when propagandists take advantage of existing processes that improve the customization, ease of access, and availability of information online. I do this by modifying the information laundering model, and then using the new model to examine the interconnectedness of search engines, blogs, social networking platforms, and media/academic outlets, and how these connections can be exploited to launder false or purposefully misleading information into public discourse. Finally, I demonstrate how this process allows adversarial nations, criminals, and malicious actors to increase public discord, undermine democracy, and threaten Americans physical and cognitive security. Contains the following studies: 1. Fake News, Conspiracy Theories, and Lies: An Information Laundering Model for Homeland Security 2. THE COMMAND OF THE TREND: SOCIAL MEDIA AS A WEAPON IN THE INFORMATION AGE 3. PUTIN’S PROPAGANDA WAR: IS HE WINNING? 4. Cyber-Terrorism and Cyber-Crime: There Is a Difference 5. CYBERDETERRANCE IN 2035: REDEFINING THE FRAMEWORK FOR SUCCESS 6. Countering Russian Active Measures

Kritisch Denken Im Zeitalter Der L Gen

Kritisch denken im Zeitalter der L  gen PDF
Author: Daniel J. Levitin
Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft
ISBN: 3864149959
Size: 16.43 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 272
View: 1191

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Wir leben in einer Welt der Informationsüberflutung, in der die Grenze zwischen Wahrheit und "alternativen" Fakten, Halbwahrheiten und halbseidenen Theorien mehr und mehr verschwimmt und deren Unterscheidung zunehmend schwieriger fällt. Mehr noch, Falschaussagen werden gerade über Social Media gezielt platziert und eingesetzt, um Menschen zu beeinflussen. Doch wie kann man sich heute noch verlässlich informieren, wenn jeder per Klick zum "Experten" werden kann? Wie entkommt man den Filterblasen und entlarvt Falschmeldungen? Und wie erkennt man, ob eine Aussage oder Zahl richtig ist? Bestsellerautor und Neurowissenschaftler Daniel Levitin zeigt in seiner Anleitung, wie Fakten, Statistiken und Aussagen umgehend geprüft werden können. Das perfekte Buch für alle, die einen besseren Durchblick wollen.

The Psychology Of Political Behavior In A Time Of Change

The Psychology of Political Behavior in a Time of Change PDF
Author: Jan D. Sinnott
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030382702
Size: 22.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 637
View: 4069

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This volume seeks to add a unique perspective on the complex relationship between psychology and politics, focusing on three analytical points of view: 1) psychology, politics, and complex thought, 2) bio/psycho/social factors of masculinity and power, and 3) underlying factors in political behavior. Contributors examine recent political events worldwide through a psychological lens, using interdisciplinary approaches to seek a deeper understanding of contemporary political ideas, psychologies, and behaviors. Finally, the book offers suggestions for surviving and thriving during rapid political change. Among the topics discussed: Biopsychological factors of political beliefs and behaviors Understanding political polarization through a cognitive lens Impact of psychological processes on voter decision making Motivations for believing in conspiracy theories Nonverbal cues in leadership Authoritarian responses to social change The Psychology of Political Behavior in a Time of Change is a timely and insightful volume for students and researchers in psychology, political science, gender studies, business and marketing, and sociology, as well as those working in applied settings: practitioners, government workers, NGOs, corporate organizations.

Intellectual Helplessness In America Thinking Clearly And Acting Rationally

Intellectual Helplessness In America  Thinking Clearly and Acting Rationally PDF
Author: Steven A. Danley
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
ISBN: 1483486249
Size: 76.21 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Self-Help
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 686

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Today’s America is divided on multiple destructive fronts. A disquieting transformation has rendered many of us helpless in successfully addressing the critical issues of our day. Whether we recognize it or not, the nation is involved in a covert battle to claim America’s mind, heart, and soul. An elitist minority has surreptitiously targeted the philosophical foundations of our government, business, and moral-cultural institutions. From both sides of the political aisle, our country’s people are overwhelmed by the anxiety of uncertainty, incoherence, double standards, and hate. Author Steven A. Danley painstakingly illustrates how the United States has reached a tipping-point-era of intellectual helplessness. He identifies the myriad of ways we’ve refused, forgotten, or never been taught how to think critically and act rationally. Intellectual Helplessness offers a frank logistical look at the spiraling decay of one of America’s most important assets —the way we think.

Augen Auf Und Durch

Augen auf und durch PDF
Author: Michael Laczynski
Publisher: Residenz Verlag
ISBN: 3701745749
Size: 35.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : de
Pages : 176
View: 7526

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Wirtschaftskrisen, Erfolge populistischer Parteien, die Wiederkehr nationalistischer Reflexe, die rasant fortschreitende Digitalisierung von Alltag und Berufswelt geben genug Anlass für Pessimismus. Diskussionen werden zunehmend aggressiv geführt, offensiv zur Schau gestellte Ignoranz beherrscht die virtuellen und realen Stammtische. Es wirkt, als ob alle eine Meinung hätten, aber niemand eine Ahnung, wohin die gesellschaftspolitische Reise geht. Grund genug für einen Leitfaden zum Leben in diesen unruhigen Zeiten – inhaltlich fundiert, doch mit viel Witz und Ironie. Ein Buch, das auf amüsante Weise die großen Themen der Gegenwart angeht: Populismus, Abstiegsangst und Leistungsdruck, Verrohung der Kommunikation, "Führer"- Sehnsucht, Zukunftssorgen.

Cognitive Superiority

Cognitive Superiority PDF
Author: Dean S. Hartley III
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030601846
Size: 30.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 1762

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In a world of accelerating unending change, perpetual surveillance, and increasing connectivity, conflict has become ever more complex. Wars are no longer limited to the traditional military conflict domains—land, sea, air; even space and cyber space. The new battlefield will be the cognitive domain and the new conflict a larger contest for power; a contest for cognitive superiority. Written by experts in military operations research and neuropsychology, this book introduces the concept of cognitive superiority and provides the keys to succeeding within a complex matrix where the only rules are the laws of physics, access to information, and the boundaries of cognition. The book describes the adversarial environment and how it interacts with the ongoing, accelerating change that we are experiencing, irrespective of adversaries. It talks about the ascendant power of information access, pervasive surveillance, personalized persuasion, and emerging new forms of cognition. It profiles salient technologies and science, including persuasion science, artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML), surveillance technologies, complex adaptive systems, network science, directed human modification, and biosecurity. Readers will learn about human and machine cognition, what makes it tick, and why and how we and our technologies are vulnerable. Following in the tradition of Sun-Tsu and von Clausewitz, this book writes a new chapter in the study of warfare and strategy. It is written for those who lead, aspire to leadership, and those who teach or persuade, especially in the fields of political science, military science, computer science, and business.

Ethics Across The Curriculum Pedagogical Perspectives

Ethics Across the Curriculum   Pedagogical Perspectives PDF
Author: Elaine E. Englehardt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319789392
Size: 75.93 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 419
View: 4156

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This book features articles by more than twenty experienced teachers of ethics who are committed to the idea that ethics can and should be taught virtually anywhere in the education curriculum. They explore a variety of ways in which this might best be done. Traditionally confined largely to programs in philosophy and religion, the teaching of ethics has in recent decades spread across the curriculum education. The contributors to this book discuss the rationale for supporting such efforts, the variety of challenges these efforts face, and the sorts of benefits faculty and students who participate in ethics across the curriculum endeavors can expect. An overriding theme of this book is that the teaching of ethics should not be restricted to one or two courses in philosophy or religion programs, but rather be addressed wherever relevant anywhere in the curriculum. For example, accredited engineering programs are expected to ensure that their students are introduced to the ethical dimensions of engineering. This can involve consideration of ethical issues within particular areas of engineering (e.g., civil, mechanical, electrical, chemical) as distinctive segments of certain courses (e.g., those that focus on design problems), or as a full semester course in ethics in engineering. Similar approaches can be taken in nursing, medicine, law, social work, psychology, accountancy, management, and so on. That is, some emphasis on ethics can be expected to be found in broad range of academic disciplines. However, many ethical issues require careful attention from the perspectives of several disciplines at once, and in ways that require their joining hands. Recognizing that adequately addressing many ethical issues may require the inclusion of perspectives from a variety of disciplines makes apparent the need for effective communication and reflection across disciplines, not simply within them. This, in turn, suggests that faculty and their students can benefit from special programs that are designed to include participants from a variety of disciplines. Such programs will be a central feature of this book. Although some differences might arise in how such issues might best be discussed across different parts of the curriculum, these discussions might be joined in ways that help students, faculty, administrators, and the wider public better appreciate their shared ethical ground.

America S Post Truth Phenomenon When Feelings And Opinions Trump Facts And Evidence

America s Post Truth Phenomenon  When Feelings and Opinions Trump Facts and Evidence PDF
Author: C.G. Prado
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440862737
Size: 60.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 215
View: 620

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This book presents absorbing and critical expert perspectives on the post-truth phenomenon that has infiltrated the U.S. political system, media, and populace. • Analyzes Trump-administration-generated mistruths in a discussion of post-truth America • Presents varied concerns, perspectives, and thought-provoking topics in clear, accessible, and engaging words • Explains the historical and social circumstances that led to post-truth • Details why some people are more apt to embrace and spread post-truth • Outlines actions to defeat post-truth