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F Rst Und Volk Nach Buchanan S Und Milton S Lehre Von Dr Troxler Translations Of The De Jure Regni Apud Scotos And The Defensio Pro Populo Anglicano

F  rst und Volk nach Buchanan s und Milton s Lehre  Von Dr  Troxler   Translations of the    De jure regni apud Scotos    and the    Defensio pro populo anglicano      PDF
Author: George Buchanan
Publisher:
Release: 1821
ISBN:
Size: 15.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 142
View: 2021

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F Rst Und Volk Nach Buchanan S Und Milton S Lehre Von Dr Troxler Translations Of The De Jure Regni Apud Scotos And The Defensio Pro Populo Anglicano

by George Buchanan, F Rst Und Volk Nach Buchanan S Und Milton S Lehre Von Dr Troxler Translations Of The De Jure Regni Apud Scotos And The Defensio Pro Populo Anglicano Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download F Rst Und Volk Nach Buchanan S Und Milton S Lehre Von Dr Troxler Translations Of The De Jure Regni Apud Scotos And The Defensio Pro Populo Anglicano books,



Temporary Translation S

Temporary translation s  PDF
Author: Wilhelm Schürmann
Publisher:
Release: 1994
ISBN:
Size: 42.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Art
Languages : de
Pages : 165
View: 1999

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Temporary Translation S

by Wilhelm Schürmann, Temporary Translation S Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Temporary Translation S books,



Technical Translations

Technical Translations PDF
Author:
Publisher:
Release: 1966
ISBN:
Size: 34.54 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2497

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Technical Translations

by , Technical Translations Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Technical Translations books,



Insights From Book Translations On The International Diffusion Of Knowledge

Insights from Book Translations on the International Diffusion of Knowledge PDF
Author:
Publisher: Stanford University
Release: 2011
ISBN:
Size: 45.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5720

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Insights From Book Translations On The International Diffusion Of Knowledge

by , Insights From Book Translations On The International Diffusion Of Knowledge Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Insights From Book Translations On The International Diffusion Of Knowledge books, Increases in the stock of ideas possessed by societies are central to modern economic growth. The implications of idea flows are striking: Klenow and Rodriguez-Clare (2005) estimate world production would be just 6% of its current level if countries did not share ideas. Yet, although theoretical economists have studied ideas and their diffusion extensively, empirical studies are scarce because ideas are inherently difficult to measure. Previous empirical studies of idea flows have tended to use proxies such as trade flows, foreign direct investment, migration, and patent citations. However, with the exception of the latter, these measures are not pure idea flows, and do not capture the key properties of ideas, namely non-rivalry and disembodiedness. My research proposes a novel measure of idea flows, namely book translations, and uses it to study the factors that affect the international diffusion of ideas. Book translations are an attractive way to quantify idea flows because they are both non-rival and disembodied; they are a pure measure of idea flows rather than a by-product of a process such as trade or migration, and their key purpose is to make the ideas contained in the book accessible to speakers of another language. In chapter 2, I outline the economics literature on ideas and their diffusion. I motivate and discuss book translations as a measure of idea flows, and provide a framework for thinking about when translations are likely to occur. I describe the translation data in chapter 3. The source of the data is an international bibliography of translations collected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. From this bibliography, I compile a data set of over 2 million translations published in 80 countries since the 1949, including detailed information on each title translated. I then document the main patterns of translation flows. In chapter 4, I employ a gravity framework to study how distance affects translation flows between countries. This sheds light both on the barriers to international idea diffusion and on the underlying causes of the negative relationship between distance and trade. Translations differ from trade in that they have zero transportation costs, but they are subject to similar search and information costs and costs of forming contracts. I estimate a gravity model where bilateral translation flows vary with the sizes of the countries and the distance between them, and find the elasticity of translations with respect to distance to be between -0.3 and -0.5 for the 1990s; these values are significantly smaller than the equivalent elasticity for trade found in the literature, suggesting a significant role for transportation costs in the distance effect on trade. In addition, I present several pieces of evidence that suggest supply-side frictions play a larger role in the distance effect on translations than do consumer preferences. For instance, the speed with which titles are translated, which is likely to largely capture supply frictions as opposed to demand factors, decreases significantly with distance. Finally, in joint work with Ran Abramitzky (chapter 5), I study how the collapse of the Communist regime in Eastern Europe at the close of the 1980s affected the international diffusion of ideas. We show that while translations between Communist languages decreased by two thirds with the collapse, Western-to-Communist translations increased by a factor of seven and reached Western levels. Convergence was full in economically-beneficial fields such as sciences and only partial in culturally-beneficial fields such as history. The effects were larger for more Western-oriented countries. These findings help us understand how institutions shape the international diffusion of knowledge and demonstrate the importance of preferences in determining the type of ideas that diffuse into a country.



The Works Of William Cowper Posthumous Poems Translations From Vincent Bourne Translations Of The Latin And Italian Poems Of Milton Epigrams Translated From The Latin Of Owen Translations Of Greek Verses Translations From The Fables Of Gay Adam A Sacred Drama Translated From The Italian Of Andreini

The Works of William Cowper  Posthumous poems  Translations from Vincent Bourne  Translations of the Latin and Italian poems of Milton  Epigrams translated from the Latin of Owen  Translations of Greek verses  Translations from the Fables of Gay  Adam  a sacred drama  translated from the Italian of Andreini PDF
Author: William Cowper
Publisher:
Release: 1837
ISBN:
Size: 55.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4637

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The Works Of William Cowper Posthumous Poems Translations From Vincent Bourne Translations Of The Latin And Italian Poems Of Milton Epigrams Translated From The Latin Of Owen Translations Of Greek Verses Translations From The Fables Of Gay Adam A Sacred Drama Translated From The Italian Of Andreini

by William Cowper, The Works Of William Cowper Posthumous Poems Translations From Vincent Bourne Translations Of The Latin And Italian Poems Of Milton Epigrams Translated From The Latin Of Owen Translations Of Greek Verses Translations From The Fables Of Gay Adam A Sacred Drama Translated From The Italian Of Andreini Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Works Of William Cowper Posthumous Poems Translations From Vincent Bourne Translations Of The Latin And Italian Poems Of Milton Epigrams Translated From The Latin Of Owen Translations Of Greek Verses Translations From The Fables Of Gay Adam A Sacred Drama Translated From The Italian Of Andreini books,



Writings And Translations

Writings and Translations PDF
Author: Miles Coverdale
Publisher:
Release: 1844
ISBN:
Size: 70.56 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 555
View: 2578

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Writings And Translations

by Miles Coverdale, Writings And Translations Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Writings And Translations books,



Poems And Translations

Poems and Translations PDF
Author: Sir John Denham
Publisher:
Release: 1751
ISBN:
Size: 72.64 MB
Format: PDF
Category : English drama
Languages : en
Pages : 228
View: 1878

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Poems And Translations

by Sir John Denham, Poems And Translations Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Poems And Translations books,