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The Extended Phenotype

The Extended Phenotype PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release: 2016-08-21
ISBN: 0198788916
Size: 76.89 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 496
View: 1710

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The Extended Phenotype

by Richard Dawkins, The Extended Phenotype Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Extended Phenotype books, In The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins crystallized the gene's eye view of evolution developed by W.D. Hamilton and others. The book provoked widespread and heated debate. Written in part as a response, The Extended Phenotype gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as theunit of selection; but it did much more besides. In it, Dawkins extended the gene's eye view to argue that the genes that sit within an organism have an influence that reaches out beyond the visible traits in that body - the phenotype - to the wider environment, which can include other individuals.So, for instance, the genes of the beaver drive it to gather twigs to produce the substantial physical structure of a dam; and the genes of the cuckoo chick produce effects that manipulate the behaviour of the host bird, making it nurture the intruder as one of its own. This notion of the extendedphenotype has proved to be highly influential in the way we understand evolution and the natural world. It represents a key scientific contribution to evolutionary biology, and it continues to play an important role in research in the life sciences.The Extended Phenotype is a conceptually deep book that forms important reading for biologists and students. But Dawkins' clear exposition is accessible to all who are prepared to put in a little effort.Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.



The Extended Phenotype

The Extended Phenotype PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release: 1982
ISBN: 9780192860880
Size: 47.24 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Évolution
Languages : en
Pages : 307
View: 7433

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The Extended Phenotype

by Richard Dawkins, The Extended Phenotype Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Extended Phenotype books, People commonly view evolution as a process of competition between individuals--known as "survival of the fittest"--with the individual representing the "unit of selection." Richard Dawkins offers a controversial reinterpretation of that idea in The Extended Phenotype, now being reissued to coincide with the publication of the second edition of his highly-acclaimed The Selfish Gene. He proposes that we look at evolution as a battle between genes instead of between whole organisms. We can then view Nanges in phenotypes--the end products of genes, like eye color or leaf shape, which are usually considered to increase the fitness of an individual--as serving the evolutionary interests of genes. Dawkins makes a convincing case that considering one's body, personality, and environment as a field of combat in a kind of "arms race" between genes fighting to express themselves on a strand of DNA can clarify and extend the idea of survival of the fittest. This influential and controversial book illuminates the complex world of genetics in an engaging, lively manner.



Der Erweiterte Ph Notyp

Der erweiterte Ph  notyp PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Springer
Release: 2017-11-02
ISBN: 9783662559673
Size: 23.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 334
View: 4495

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Der Erweiterte Ph Notyp

by Richard Dawkins, Der Erweiterte Ph Notyp Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Der Erweiterte Ph Notyp books, Der erweiterte Phänotyp - ein Klassiker der Evolutionsbiologie Richard Dawkins betrachtet dieses 1982 erschienene, 1999 überarbeitete und ergänzte Buch als seinen Hauptbeitrag zur Evolutionsbiologie und als Nachfolgewerk seines Bestsellers Das egoistische Gen. Für die deutschsprachige Übersetzung hat Richard Dawkins ein neues Vorwort verfasst. Dawkins erweitert in diesem Buch den Begriff des Phänotyps (als Summe aller Merkmale eines Individuums) auf die Auswirkungen der Gene dieses Individuums auf die Umwelt und auf andere Lebewesen. Beispiele sind die durch den Fortpflanzungstrieb des Bibers entstehenden Bauten, die drastische Auswirkungen auf die Umwelt haben können, oder das Gen eines Parasiten, welches das Verhalten seines Wirtes zum Nutzen des Parasiten (Saitenwurm) verändert. Dawkins betont mit diesem Ansatz die genzentrierte Sicht des Lebens. Im letzten Kapitel des Buches unternimmt er den Versuch, den Organismus neu zu definieren. Ich behaupte, dass die meisten Wissenschaftler, die meisten Autoren ein Werk haben, von dem sie sagen würden: Egal, ob Sie noch nie etwas von mir gelesen haben, lesen Sie wenigstens dies! Richard Dawkins



Das Egoistische Gen

Das egoistische Gen PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Release: 2014-06-20
ISBN: 3642553915
Size: 27.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 489
View: 6452

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Das Egoistische Gen

by Richard Dawkins, Das Egoistische Gen Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Das Egoistische Gen books, p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.



The Extended Phenotype

The Extended Phenotype PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins; Daniel Dennett
Publisher:
Release: 2008-03-26
ISBN: 9780195696172
Size: 37.98 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3458

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The Extended Phenotype

by Richard Dawkins; Daniel Dennett, The Extended Phenotype Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Extended Phenotype books,



The Extended Phenotype

The Extended Phenotype PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: W H Freeman & Company
Release: 1982-01
ISBN: 9780716713586
Size: 68.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 307
View: 2102

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The Extended Phenotype

by Richard Dawkins, The Extended Phenotype Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Extended Phenotype books,



Forscher Aus Leidenschaft

Forscher aus Leidenschaft PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
Release: 2018-10-12
ISBN: 3843718385
Size: 76.38 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 528
View: 1544

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Forscher Aus Leidenschaft

by Richard Dawkins, Forscher Aus Leidenschaft Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Forscher Aus Leidenschaft books, In unvernünftigen Zeiten ist Richard Dawkins' unnachgiebiges Plädoyer für die Vernunft aktueller und dringender denn je. Der Evolutionsbiologe und Bestsellerautor reflektiert in seinem neuen Buch über die Werte, die Geschichte und die gesellschaftliche Bedeutung von Wissenschaft. Dabei greift er Themen wie die Wissenschaft als Religion und die Schönheiten, Grausamkeiten, aber auch Kuriositäten unserer Welt auf. Von der Evolution der Schildkröte über Jesus und den Atheismus bis hin zu intelligenten Außerirdischen: Stets legt Dawkins komplexe Sachverhalte mit poetischer Leichtigkeit dar. Die in diesem Band versammelten Reden, Aufsätze und Briefe aus den letzten vier Jahrzehnten geben einen faszinierenden Einblick in das Werk eines überragenden Denkers.



The Extended Organism

The Extended Organism PDF
Author: J Scott Turner
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release: 2009-06
ISBN: 9780674044494
Size: 72.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 6552

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The Extended Organism

by J Scott Turner, The Extended Organism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Extended Organism books, Can the structures that animals build--from the humble burrows of earthworms to towering termite mounds to the Great Barrier Reef--be said to live? However counterintuitive the idea might first seem, physiological ecologist Scott Turner demonstrates in this book that many animals construct and use structures to harness and control the flow of energy from their environment to their own advantage. Building on Richard Dawkins's classic, The Extended Phenotype, Turner shows why drawing the boundary of an organism's physiology at the skin of the animal is arbitrary. Since the structures animals build undoubtedly do physiological work, capturing and channeling chemical and physical energy, Turner argues that such structures are more properly regarded not as frozen behaviors but as external organs of physiology and even extensions of the animal's phenotype. By challenging dearly held assumptions, a fascinating new view of the living world is opened to us, with implications for our understanding of physiology, the environment, and the remarkable structures animals build.



The Extended Selfish Gene

The Extended Selfish Gene PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release: 2016-08-31
ISBN: 9780198788782
Size: 42.64 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 560
View: 6092

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The Extended Selfish Gene

by Richard Dawkins, The Extended Selfish Gene Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Extended Selfish Gene books, The Selfish Gene is a classic exposition of evolutionary thought. In it Professor Dawkins articulates a gene's eye view of evolution - a view giving centre stage to these persistent units of information, and in which organisms can be seen as vehicles for the replication of genes. The book provoked widespread and heated debate, which in part led Dawkins to write The Extended Phenotype, in which he gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as the unit of selection, as well as contributing his own development of this insight. For the first time, The Extended Selfish Gene brings these two books together, by including two key chapters from The Extended Phenotype. These chapters provide Dawkins's detailed and powerful response to two issues raised by critics of The Selfish Gene: the accusations of genetic determinism (the idea that our behaviour is entirely determined by our genes), and of "adaptationism" (that all traits are indiscriminately perceived to be adaptations resulting from natural selection). While written in particular for the biology community, Dawkins's clarity of expression allows these chapters to be accessible to all who are seriously engaged with the gene's eye view and its implications. The imaginative, powerful, and stylistically brilliant Selfish Gene not only brought the insights of Neo-Darwinism to a wide audience, but galvanized the biology community, generating much debate and stimulating whole new areas of research. Forty years later, its insights remain as significant as on the day it was published. Along with the two extra chapters, The Extended Selfish Gene includes a new epilogue to The Selfish Gene from the author which highlights the relevance of the gene's eye view to evolutionary biology today.



Darwins Peep Show

Darwins Peep Show PDF
Author: Menno Schilthuizen
Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag
Release: 2014-09-29
ISBN: 3423424745
Size: 43.17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 344
View: 1077

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Darwins Peep Show

by Menno Schilthuizen, Darwins Peep Show Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Darwins Peep Show books, Sexualorgane unter der Lupe Der größte Unterschied zwischen Menschen und Tieren liegt unterhalb der Gürtellinie. Dieses Buch lädt ein zu einer Besichtigung der phänomenalen Vielfalt tierischer Reproduktionsmethoden. Das Sexualleben von Käfern, Vögeln, Muscheln und Schnecken kann erstaunliche Einblicke in die fantastische Fülle des Lebens auf unserem Planeten eröffnen. "Unsere eigene Reproduktionsmethode ist nur eine von zahllosen anderen in einem weiten Kontinuum der evolutionären Interaktion, in dem es alles gibt, vom anmutigen Tanzritual bis zum bösartigen Rüstungswettlauf." Menno Schilthuizen