The Extended Phenotype

The Extended Phenotype PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198788916
Size: 11.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 496
View: 1807

Get Book

In The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins crystallized the gene's eye view of evolution developed by W.D. Hamilton and others. The book provoked widespread and heated debate. Written in part as a response, The Extended Phenotype gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as theunit of selection; but it did much more besides. In it, Dawkins extended the gene's eye view to argue that the genes that sit within an organism have an influence that reaches out beyond the visible traits in that body - the phenotype - to the wider environment, which can include other individuals.So, for instance, the genes of the beaver drive it to gather twigs to produce the substantial physical structure of a dam; and the genes of the cuckoo chick produce effects that manipulate the behaviour of the host bird, making it nurture the intruder as one of its own. This notion of the extendedphenotype has proved to be highly influential in the way we understand evolution and the natural world. It represents a key scientific contribution to evolutionary biology, and it continues to play an important role in research in the life sciences.The Extended Phenotype is a conceptually deep book that forms important reading for biologists and students. But Dawkins' clear exposition is accessible to all who are prepared to put in a little effort.Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.

The Extended Phenotype

The Extended Phenotype PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780192860880
Size: 24.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Evolution
Languages : en
Pages : 307
View: 2736

Get Book


The Extended Phenotype

The Extended Phenotype PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192860880
Size: 40.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Évolution
Languages : en
Pages : 307
View: 5135

Get Book

People commonly view evolution as a process of competition between individuals--known as "survival of the fittest"--with the individual representing the "unit of selection." Richard Dawkins offers a controversial reinterpretation of that idea in The Extended Phenotype, now being reissued to coincide with the publication of the second edition of his highly-acclaimed The Selfish Gene. He proposes that we look at evolution as a battle between genes instead of between whole organisms. We can then view Nanges in phenotypes--the end products of genes, like eye color or leaf shape, which are usually considered to increase the fitness of an individual--as serving the evolutionary interests of genes. Dawkins makes a convincing case that considering one's body, personality, and environment as a field of combat in a kind of "arms race" between genes fighting to express themselves on a strand of DNA can clarify and extend the idea of survival of the fittest. This influential and controversial book illuminates the complex world of genetics in an engaging, lively manner.

Das Egoistische Gen

Das egoistische Gen PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642553915
Size: 47.39 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 489
View: 2383

Get Book

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

The Extended Phenotype

The Extended Phenotype PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins; Daniel Dennett
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780195696172
Size: 73.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2426

Get Book


Der Erweiterte Ph Notyp

Der erweiterte Ph  notyp PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827427069
Size: 60.39 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 334
View: 1255

Get Book

Richard Dawkins betrachtet dieses 1982 erschienene, 1999 überarbeitete und ergänzte Buch als seinen Hauptbeitrag zur Evolutionsbiologie und als Nachfolgewerk seines Bestsellers „Das egoistische Gen“. Für diese deutschsprachige Übersetzung hat Richard Dawkins ein neues Vorwort verfasst. Die Aktualität des Themas wurde durch die Wissenschaftskonferenz „The New Role of the Extended Phenotype in Evolutionary Biology” (European Science Foundation/Oslo, 2008) hervorgehoben. Dawkins erweitert in diesem Buch den Begriff des Phänotyps (als die Summe aller Merkmale eines Individuums) auf die Auswirkungen der Gene dieses Individuums auf die Umwelt und andere Lebewesen. Beispiele sind die durch den Fortpflanzungstrieb des Bibers entstehenden Bauten, die drastische Auswirkungen auf die Umwelt haben können, oder das Gen eines Parasiten, das das Verhalten seines Wirtes zum Nutzen des Parasiten (Saitenwurm) verändert. Dawkins betont mit diesem Ansatz die Gen-zentrierte Sicht des Lebens. Im letzten Kapitel des Buches unternimmt er den Versuch, den Organismus neu zu definieren. “Ich behaupte, dass die meisten Wissenschaftler, die meisten Autoren ein Werk haben, von dem sie sagen würden: Egal, ob Sie noch nie etwas von mir gelesen haben, lesen Sie wenigstens dies!“ Dawkins

The Extended Selfish Gene

The Extended Selfish Gene PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198788782
Size: 21.87 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 560
View: 5016

Get Book

The Selfish Gene is a classic exposition of evolutionary thought. In it Professor Dawkins articulates a gene's eye view of evolution - a view giving centre stage to these persistent units of information, and in which organisms can be seen as vehicles for the replication of genes. The book provoked widespread and heated debate, which in part led Dawkins to write The Extended Phenotype, in which he gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as the unit of selection, as well as contributing his own development of this insight. For the first time, The Extended Selfish Gene brings these two books together, by including two key chapters from The Extended Phenotype. These chapters provide Dawkins's detailed and powerful response to two issues raised by critics of The Selfish Gene: the accusations of genetic determinism (the idea that our behaviour is entirely determined by our genes), and of "adaptationism" (that all traits are indiscriminately perceived to be adaptations resulting from natural selection). While written in particular for the biology community, Dawkins's clarity of expression allows these chapters to be accessible to all who are seriously engaged with the gene's eye view and its implications. The imaginative, powerful, and stylistically brilliant Selfish Gene not only brought the insights of Neo-Darwinism to a wide audience, but galvanized the biology community, generating much debate and stimulating whole new areas of research. Forty years later, its insights remain as significant as on the day it was published. Along with the two extra chapters, The Extended Selfish Gene includes a new epilogue to The Selfish Gene from the author which highlights the relevance of the gene's eye view to evolutionary biology today.

The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191537554
Size: 63.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 7484

Get Book

The million copy international bestseller, critically acclaimed and translated into over 25 languages. This 30th anniversary edition includes a new introduction from the author as well as the original prefaces and foreword, and extracts from early reviews. As relevant and influential today as when it was first published, The Selfish Gene has become a classic exposition of evolutionary thought. Professor Dawkins articulates a gene's eye view of evolution - a view giving centre stage to these persistent units of information, and in which organisms can be seen as vehicles for their replication. This imaginative, powerful, and stylistically brilliant work not only brought the insights of Neo-Darwinism to a wide audience, but galvanized the biology community, generating much debate and stimulating whole new areas of research.

The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199291152
Size: 75.23 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 3819

Get Book

An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit.

The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199291144
Size: 47.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 3937

Get Book

The million copy international bestseller, critically acclaimed and translated into over 25 languages. Still as relevant and influential today as ever, The Selfish Gene has become a classic exposition of evolutionary thought. Professor Dawkins articulates a gene's eye view of evolution that not only brought the insights of Neo-Darwinism to a wide audience, but galvanised the biology community, generating much debate and stimulating whole new areas of research. This 30th anniversary edition includes a new introduction from the author as well as the original prefaces and foreword, and extracts from early reviews.

The Selfish Gene

The Selfish Gene PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191093076
Size: 11.90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 544
View: 5634

Get Book

The million copy international bestseller, critically acclaimed and translated into over 25 languages. As influential today as when it was first published, The Selfish Gene has become a classic exposition of evolutionary thought. Professor Dawkins articulates a gene's eye view of evolution - a view giving centre stage to these persistent units of information, and in which organisms can be seen as vehicles for their replication. This imaginative, powerful, and stylistically brilliant work not only brought the insights of Neo-Darwinism to a wide audience, but galvanized the biology community, generating much debate and stimulating whole new areas of research. Forty years later, its insights remain as relevant today as on the day it was published. This 40th anniversary edition includes a new epilogue from the author discussing the continuing relevance of these ideas in evolutionary biology today, as well as the original prefaces and foreword, and extracts from early reviews. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.

Forscher Aus Leidenschaft

Forscher aus Leidenschaft PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 3843718385
Size: 30.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 528
View: 5968

Get Book

In unvernünftigen Zeiten ist Richard Dawkins' unnachgiebiges Plädoyer für die Vernunft aktueller und dringender denn je. Der Evolutionsbiologe und Bestsellerautor reflektiert in seinem neuen Buch über die Werte, die Geschichte und die gesellschaftliche Bedeutung von Wissenschaft. Dabei greift er Themen wie die Wissenschaft als Religion und die Schönheiten, Grausamkeiten, aber auch Kuriositäten unserer Welt auf. Von der Evolution der Schildkröte über Jesus und den Atheismus bis hin zu intelligenten Außerirdischen: Stets legt Dawkins komplexe Sachverhalte mit poetischer Leichtigkeit dar. Die in diesem Band versammelten Reden, Aufsätze und Briefe aus den letzten vier Jahrzehnten geben einen faszinierenden Einblick in das Werk eines überragenden Denkers.

Climbing Mount Improbable

Climbing Mount Improbable PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393316827
Size: 51.27 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 340
View: 2288

Get Book

Arguing that the perfection of the human body is the result of improbable mutation, a prominent Darwinian uses the metaphor of climbing a mountain to illustrate how natural perfection is due to the unending journey of DNA through time

The Extended Organism

The Extended Organism PDF
Author: J Scott Turner
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674044495
Size: 79.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 235
View: 6365

Get Book

Can the structures that animals build--from the humble burrows of earthworms to towering termite mounds to the Great Barrier Reef--be said to live? However counterintuitive the idea might first seem, physiological ecologist Scott Turner demonstrates in this book that many animals construct and use structures to harness and control the flow of energy from their environment to their own advantage. Building on Richard Dawkins's classic, The Extended Phenotype, Turner shows why drawing the boundary of an organism's physiology at the skin of the animal is arbitrary. Since the structures animals build undoubtedly do physiological work, capturing and channeling chemical and physical energy, Turner argues that such structures are more properly regarded not as frozen behaviors but as external organs of physiology and even extensions of the animal's phenotype. By challenging dearly held assumptions, a fascinating new view of the living world is opened to us, with implications for our understanding of physiology, the environment, and the remarkable structures animals build.