The Century Of U S Capitalism In Latin America

The Century of U S  Capitalism in Latin America PDF
Author: Thomas F. O'Brien
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 9780826319968
Size: 60.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 199
View: 4847

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This book addresses two issues basic to understanding modern Latin America: the role of American-owned businesses in the region and, of equal importance, the reaction of Latin Americans to foreign investment. Throughout the nineteenth century and up to the 1930s, American corporations stridently resisted local opposition as they secured what they wanted in Latin America, cheap labor, plentiful raw materials, and favorable business conditions. After World War II, Latin American nationalism and revolutions forced American-owned enterprises to redefine their business model throughout the region. U.S. businesses integrated themselves into local societies through direct investment in manufacturing and the creation of broad-based consumer societies eager to buy everything from Coca-Cola to Chevrolets. As a new century dawns, multinational corporations aided by NAFTA ensure computers and cellular phones are as sought after as soft drinks and cars were in earlier eras. The first book on U.S. business activity in Latin America intended specifically for student readers, this account offers a balanced and insightful understanding of the nature of capitalism abroad. In assessing how U.S.-Latin American relations have been shaped by foreign investment, O'Brien argues that over the course of the twentieth century U.S. businesses and their government have forged a close working alliance to promote American interests in Latin America.

The Politics Of Trade In Latin American Development

The Politics of Trade in Latin American Development PDF
Author: Steven E. Sanderson
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804720215
Size: 31.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 1374

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In this innovative synthesis and reconstruction of the role of trade in Latin American development, the author asks what have been the political terms of trade in Latin America, and why have they differed so much from the multilateral and national trade politics of the advanced capitalist countries, especially the United States? He shows, in great detail, how a new conceptual approach to this question can help us to understand why, and with what limits, Latin America now seems ready to accept the mantle of free trade. This book is a unique attempt to link some of the most provocative hypotheses from the literatures of international trade, development, regional economic history, and resource management to national politics in Latin America. It takes a fresh look at old academic questions, critiques the received knowledge on trade, and offers some new data, documents, and indexes. To the standard literature on Latin American trade, the author adds insights and information from other literatures - resource conservation, poverty alleviation, and national development strategies, to name a few. The current trend toward looking at constraints and possibilities in the trade system is reshaped to ask familiar questions in a concrete, empirical way. What changes in development design come from external shock, and under what conditions? Does the pressure of the international system actually force Latin American countries to alter their rates and kinds of natural resource exploitation? Can a political course of export promotion address the debt crisis effectively? Are the multilateral trade negotiations a useful format for Latin American trade and development problems? And, finally, can we sayanything with authority about Latin America as a region?

A Short History Of U S Interventions In Latin America And The Caribbean

A Short History of U S  Interventions in Latin America and the Caribbean PDF
Author: Alan McPherson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118954009
Size: 62.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 5215

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A Short History of U.S. Interventions in Latin America and the Caribbean presents a concise account of the full sweep of U.S. military invasions and interventions in Central America, South America, and the Caribbean from 1800 up to the present day. Engages in debates about the economic, military, political, and cultural motives that shaped U.S. interventions in Cuba, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Panama, Guatemala, Mexico, and elsewhere Deals with incidents that range from the taking of Florida to the Mexican War, the War of 1898, the Veracruz incident of 1914, the Bay of Pigs, and the 1989 invasion of Panama Features also the responses of Latin American countries to U.S. involvement Features unique coverage of 19th century interventions as well as 20th century incidents, and includes a series of helpful maps and illustrations

Latin America In The World Economy

Latin America In The World Economy PDF
Author: Frederick Weaver
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429978987
Size: 43.51 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208
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This text considers the dual aspect of Latin American development: how external factors (phases of world capitalism since Columbus) interweave with internal factors (Latin American culture, politics, and social groups). Within his approach, Weaver demonstrates how domestic social conflicts and power relations have consistently capitalized on changes in the international economy, while, conversely, engagement with the international economy has consistently constrained local struggles and patterns of change.

Twentieth Century Latin American Revolutions

Twentieth Century Latin American Revolutions PDF
Author: Marc Becker
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442265884
Size: 58.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 4733

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This clear and concise text extends our understanding of revolutions with a critical narrative analysis of key Latin American examples. Each case study provides an interpretive explanation of the historical context in which each movement emerged, its main goals and achievements, its shortcomings, its outcome, and its legacy.

Bahnen Ziehen

Bahnen ziehen PDF
Author: Leanne Shapton
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518793004
Size: 24.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Fiction
Languages : de
Pages : 325
View: 2089

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Mit dem Überraschungserfolg »Bedeutende Objekte und persönliche Besitzstücke aus der Sammlung von Lenore Doolan und Harold Morris, darunter Bücher, Mode und Schmuck« erfand Leanne Shapton auf spektakuläre Weise die Liebesgeschichte neu. »Bahnen ziehen« ist ihre Liebeserklärung an das Schwimmen. Und wieder beschreitet sie neue Wege des Erzählens – in Wort und Bild. Der Geruch von Chlor durchweht dieses Buch, die Rufe des Trainers hallen darin wider. Junge Menschen auf dem Sprung zum großen Traum: Teil des olympischen Schwimmteams zu werden. Selbst jenseits des Beckens noch ist ihr Leben, sind ihre Gespräche und Träume, ihre Essgewohnheiten und Liebesbeziehungen geprägt vom Rhythmus des Trainings und ihren sportlichen Ambitionen. Doch wo hat die Faszination für das Schwimmen ihren Ursprung? In den Kinderbüchern? Den Familienausflügen ans Meer? Und was ist heute, wo ganz andere Dinge ihr Leben bestimmen, von dieser Faszination noch übrig? Leanne Shapton, damals selbst Teil der Schwimmmannschaft, geht diesen Fragen nach – Bahn um Bahn. So ist aus sehr persönlichen Momentaufnahmen zwischen Selbstdisziplin und Selbstfindung ein eindringliches, unmittelbares Panorama des Erwachsenwerdens entstanden. - Mit zahlreichen farbigen Illustrationen und Fotos

Designing Industrial Policy In Latin America

Designing Industrial Policy in Latin America PDF
Author: Ben Ross Schneider
Publisher: Palgrave Pivot
ISBN: 9781137524836
Size: 30.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 100
View: 1281

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What makes for effective cooperation between government and business in designing industrial policy? Core research questions on the institutional design of optimal arrangements focus on three main functions: 1) maximizing the benefits of information exchange; 2) motivating participation through authoritative allocation; and 3) minimizing unproductive rent seeking. The book analyses these functions theoretically and empirically in a range of recent experiences in Latin America. Across the region, countries with more positive experiences of public-private collaboration tend to have more pragmatic governments and better organized and informally networked private sectors. Effective cooperation also depends on the macro context, in particular the nature of the political system and the alternative avenues it provides for business influence, especially through parties, networks and appointments, the media, and campaign finance. Lastly, the structure and strategies of big domestic businesses - mostly diversified, family-owned business groups - affects their preferences and interest in collaborating in industrial policy.

Keywords

Keywords PDF
Author: John Patrick Leary
Publisher: Haymarket Books
ISBN: 1608469638
Size: 62.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 216
View: 5131

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“A clever, even witty examination of the manipulation of language in these days of neoliberal or late stage capitalism” (Counterpunch). From Silicon Valley to the White House, from kindergarten to college, and from the factory floor to the church pulpit, we are all called to be innovators and entrepreneurs, to be curators of an ever-expanding roster of competencies, and to become resilient and flexible in the face of the insults and injuries we confront at work. In the midst of increasing inequality, these keywords teach us to thrive by applying the lessons of a competitive marketplace to every sphere of life. What’s more, by celebrating the values of grit, creativity, and passion at school and at work, they assure us that economic success is nothing less than a moral virtue. Organized alphabetically as a lexicon, Keywords explores the history and common usage of major terms in the everyday language of capitalism. Because these words have infiltrated everyday life, their meanings may seem self-evident, even benign. Who could be against empowerment, after all? Keywords uncovers the histories of words like innovation, which was once synonymous with “false prophecy” before it became the prevailing faith of Silicon Valley. Other words, like best practices and human capital, are relatively new coinages that subtly shape our way of thinking. As this book makes clear, the new language of capitalism burnishes hierarchy, competition, and exploitation as leadership, collaboration, and sharing, modeling for us the habits of the economically successful person: be visionary, be self-reliant—and never, ever stop working.

Us Imperialism

US Imperialism PDF
Author: James Petras
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000576620
Size: 41.16 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 234
View: 4915

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This book offers a broad and deep examination of the dynamics of US imperialism. Petras analyzes imperialism not only as economic domination, showing that its impact in the world takes many forms, including cultural, political and historical. He points to the disruptive effects it has on other world regional economies and cultures. Capitalism and imperialism take diverse forms but both are intimately tied to the projection of state power in the service of capital—a strategy designed to advance the geopolitical and economic interests of the US economic elite and ruling class—interests that are equated with the 'US national interest'.

The United States And Latin America

The United States and Latin America PDF
Author: Fredrick B. Pike
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 80.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 442
View: 3379

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How North Americans have viewed Latin America, from the time of the Pilgrims up to the end of the twentieth century.

Making The Americas

Making the Americas PDF
Author: Thomas F. O'Brien
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 0826342019
Size: 71.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 5301

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Americans' belief in their economic, political, and cultural superiority launched them on a mission to transform Latin America that has evolved into a global process of Americanization. From corporate and philanthropic initiatives to military interventions, Americans motivated by self-interest and idealism sought to reshape Latin America and gave birth to the American driven process of globalization. Synthesizing a broad range of international relations scholarship, including perspectives from gender, race, and cultural studies, O'Brien offers a sweeping history of the Americas that ranges from the adventures of eighteenth-century whaling men to the contemporary struggle over globalization. As a part of this study, the author explains how the responses of Latin Americans to Americanization have varied from the vehement rejection of U.S. economic dominance to embracing as well as reconfiguring the icons of American consumer culture. O'Brien's goal is to provide readers with a nuanced understanding of how the people of the Americas have shaped their own history, and influenced the development of U.S. economic, strategic, and cultural power in the world today.

Anti Americanism In Latin America And The Caribbean

Anti americanism in Latin America and the Caribbean PDF
Author: Alan McPherson
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9780857456953
Size: 35.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 316
View: 6068

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Whether rising up from fiery leaders such as Venezuela's Hugo Chavez and Cuba's Fidel Castro or from angry masses of Brazilian workers and Mexican peasants, anti U.S. sentiment in Latin America and the Caribbean today is arguably stronger than ever. It is also a threat to U.S. leadership in the hemisphere and the world. Where has this resentment come from? Has it arisen naturally from imperialism and globalization, from economic and social frustrations? Has it served opportunistic politicians? Does Latin America have its own style of anti Americanism? What about national variations? How does cultural anti Americanism affect politics, and vice versa? What roles have religion, literature, or cartoons played in whipping up sentiment against 'el yanqui'? Finally, how has the United States reacted to all this? This book brings leaders in the field of U.S. Latin American relations together with the most promising young scholars to shed historical light on the present implications of hostility to the United States in Latin America and the Caribbean. In essays that carry the reader from Revolutionary Mexico to Peronist Argentina, from Panama in the nineteenth century to the West Indies' mid century independence movement, and from Colombian drug runners to liberation theologists, the authors unearth little known campaigns of resistance and probe deeper into episodes we thought we knew well. They argue that, for well over a century, identifying the United States as the enemy has rung true to Latin Americans and has translated into compelling political strategies. Combining history with political and cultural analysis, this collection breaks the mold of traditional diplomatic history by seeing anti Americanism through the eyes of those who expressed it. It makes clear that anti Americanism, far from being a post 9/11 buzzword, is rather a real force that casts a long shadow over U.S. Latin American relations.

Open Veins Of Latin America

Open Veins of Latin America PDF
Author: Eduardo Galeano
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0853459916
Size: 35.26 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 2276

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Since its U.S. debut a quarter-century ago, this brilliant text has set a new standard for historical scholarship of Latin America. It is also an outstanding political economy, a social and cultural narrative of the highest quality, and perhaps the finest description of primitive capital accumulation since Marx. Rather than chronology, geography, or political successions, Eduardo Galeano has organized the various facets of Latin American history according to the patterns of five centuries of exploitation. Thus he is concerned with gold and silver, cacao and cotton, rubber and coffee, fruit, hides and wool, petroleum, iron, nickel, manganese, copper, aluminum ore, nitrates, and tin. These are the veins which he traces through the body of the entire continent, up to the Rio Grande and throughout the Caribbean, and all the way to their open ends where they empty into the coffers of wealth in the United States and Europe. Weaving fact and imagery into a rich tapestry, Galeano fuses scientific analysis with the passions of a plundered and suffering people. An immense gathering of materials is framed with a vigorous style that never falters in its command of themes. All readers interested in great historical, economic, political, and social writing will find a singular analytical achievement, and an overwhelming narrative that makes history speak, unforgettably. This classic is now further honored by Isabel Allende's inspiring introduction. Universally recognized as one of the most important writers of our time, Allende once again contributes her talents to literature, to political principles, and to enlightenment.

Designing Industrial Policy In Latin America Business State Relations And The New Developmentalism

Designing Industrial Policy in Latin America  Business State Relations and the New Developmentalism PDF
Author: B. Schneider
Publisher: Palgrave Pivot
ISBN: 9781349506682
Size: 18.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 101
View: 6835

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Development economists and practitioners agree that close collaboration between business and government improves industrial policy, yet little research exists on how best to organize that. This book examines three necessary functions–-information exchange, authoritative allocation, and reducing rent seeking–-across experiences in Latin America.

Fifty Years Of Peasant Wars In Latin America

Fifty Years of Peasant Wars in Latin America PDF
Author: Leigh Binford
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1789205611
Size: 20.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 236
View: 6681

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Informed by Eric Wolf’s Peasant Wars of the Twentieth Century, published in 1969, this book examines selected peasant struggles in seven Latin American countries during the last fifty years and suggests the continuing relevance of Wolf’s approach. The seven case studies are preceded by an Introduction in which the editors assess the continuing relevance of Wolf’s political economy. The book concludes with Gavin Smith’s reflection on reading Eric Wolf as a public intellectual today.