The Use Of Force In International Law

The Use of Force in International Law PDF
Author: Giuliana Scotto
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668976015
Size: 51.10 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 53
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Document from the year 2019 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Public International Law and Human Rights, grade: 1, University of Rome "La Sapienza", language: English, abstract: This text is an excerpt of a Handbook of international law ("Diritto internazionale per filosofi", in Italian) published by Grin in 2014. It deals with the evolution and the content of the current prohibition of use of force in international law. Both the common sense and many scholars with historical or political background, therefore without expertise in international law, approach international law with the prejudice that war, whose presence is witnessed throughout the history as an element which cannot be eliminated from human affairs, would be a tool which States can still and always legitimately use. War and more generally the possibility of resorting to armed force would represent the counter-proof of the thesis which considers the international society as an example of the state of nature, of the war condition of all against all: the hobbesian condition of "homo homini lupus" ("every man is a wolf for any other man"). Despite the fact that history records many cases of resort to armed force in international relations, that is, in the community of those entities characterized by the principle of sovereign equality, the consideration of States’ practice in international law does not allow to conclude that in general the use of armed force in international relation is permitted. Quite on the contrary, an adequate analysis of the current international order demonstrates armed force is prohibited as a principle, with the sole exception of self-defence, and that recently such a prohibition has assumed peremptory character. Because of the devastating effects which, at the time of atomic and mass destruction weapons, the use of armed force could produce on the possibility itself of the coexistence of the international subjects, the prohibition of the use of force has become the most important rule in international law and its respect is one of the most important factors which guarantee the coexistence of States and ultimately the very survival of the human race.

The Use Of Force And International Law

The Use of Force and International Law PDF
Author: Christian Henderson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108643418
Size: 54.85 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1952

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The Use of Force and International Law offers an authoritative overview of international law governing the resort to force. Looking through the prism of the contemporary challenges that this area of international law faces, including technology, sovereignty, actors, compliance and enforcement, this book addresses key aspects of international law in this area: the general breadth and scope of the prohibition of force, what is meant by 'force', the use of force through the UN and regional organisations, the use of force in peacekeeping operations, the right of self-defence and the customary limitations upon this right, forcible intervention in civil conflicts, the controversial doctrine of humanitarian intervention. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students, academics and practitioners, The Use of Force and International Law offers a contemporary, comprehensive and accessible treatment of the subject.

The Changing Rules On The Use Of Force In International Law

The Changing Rules on the Use of Force in International Law PDF
Author: Tarcisio Gazzini
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719073250
Size: 12.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 266
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A systematic study on the legal regulation of the use of military force, both by international organisations and states, at the beginning of the twenty-first century.

International Law And The Use Of Force

International Law and the Use of Force PDF
Author: Christine Gray
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192536435
Size: 12.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 480
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This book explores the large and controversial subject of the use of force in international law. It examines not only the use of force by states but also the role of the UN in peacekeeping and enforcement action, and the increasing role of regional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security. The UN Charter framework is under challenge. Russia's invasion of Georgia and intervention in Ukraine, the USA's military operations in Syria, and Saudi Arabia's campaign to restore the government of Yemen by force all raise questions about the law on intervention. The 'war on terror' that began after the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the USA has not been won. It has spread far beyond Afghanistan: it has led to targeted killings in Pakistan, Somalia, and Yemen, and to intervention against ISIS in Iraq and Syria. Is there an expanding right of self-defence against non-state actors? Is the use of force effective? The development of nuclear weapons by North Korea has reignited discussion about the legality of pre-emptive self-defence. The NATO-led operation in Libya increased hopes for the implementation of 'responsibility to protect', but it also provoked criticism for exceeding the Security Council's authorization of force because its outcome was regime change. UN peacekeeping faces new challenges, especially with regard to the protection of civilians, and UN forces have been given revolutionary mandates in several African states. But the 2015 report Uniting Our Strengths reaffirmed that UN peacekeeping is not suited to counter-terrorism or enforcement operations; the UN should turn to regional organizations such as the African Union as first responders in situations of ongoing armed conflict.

The Use Of Force In International Law

The Use of Force in International Law PDF
Author: Tom Ruys
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019108719X
Size: 48.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 750
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The international law on the use of force is one of the oldest branches of international law. It is an area twinned with the emergence of international law as a concept in itself, and which sees law and politics collide. The number of armed conflicts is equal only to the number of methodological approaches used to describe them. Many violent encounters are well known. The Kosovo Crisis in 1999 and the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 spring easily to the minds of most scholars and academics, and gain extensive coverage in this text. Other conflicts, including the Belgian operation in Stanleyville, and the Ethiopian Intervention in Somalia, are often overlooked to our peril. Ruys and Corten's expert-written text compares over sixty different instances of the use of cross border force since the adoption of the UN Charter in 1945, from all out warfare to hostile encounters between individual units, targeted killings, and hostage rescue operations, to ask a complex question. How much authority does the power of precedent really have in the law of the use of force?

International Law And The Use Of Force

International Law and the Use of Force PDF
Author: Christine D. Gray
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199239142
Size: 55.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 455
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This fully revised and updated second edition of International Law and the Use of Force explores the whole of the large and controversial subject of the use of force in international law- not only the use of force by states but also the role of the UN in peacekeeping and enforcement action, and the growing importance of regional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security.

The Oxford Handbook Of The Use Of Force In International Law

The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law PDF
Author: Marc Weller
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191653918
Size: 31.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 1328
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The prohibition of the use of force in international law is one of the major achievements of international law in the past century. The attempt to outlaw war as a means of national policy and to establish a system of collective security after both World Wars resulted in the creation of the United Nations Charter, which remains a principal point of reference for the law on the use of force to this day. There have, however, been considerable challenges to the law on the prohibition ofThe prohibition of the use of force in international law is one of the major achievements of international law in the past century. The attempt to outlaw war as a means of national policy and to establish a system of collective security after both World Wars resulted in the creation of the United Nations Charter, which remains a principal point of reference for the law on the use of force to this day. There have, however, been considerable challenges to the law on the prohibition of the use of force over the past two decades. This Oxford Handbook is a comprehensive and authoritative study of the modern law on the use of force. Over seventy experts in the field offer a detailed analysis, and to an extent a restatement, of the law in this area. The Handbook reviews the status of the law on the use of force, and assesses what changes, if any, have occurred in consequence to recent developments. It offers cutting-edge and up-to-date scholarship on all major aspects of the prohibition of the use of force. The work is set in context by an extensive introductory section, reviewing the history of the subject, recent challenges, and addressing major conceptual approaches. Its second part addresses collective security, in particular the law and practice of the United Nations organs, and of regional organizations and arrangements. It then considers the substance of the prohibition of the use of force, and of the right to self-defence and associated doctrines. The next section is devoted to armed action undertaken on behalf of peoples and populations. This includes self-determination conflicts, resistance to armed occupation, and forcible humanitarian and pro-democratic action. The possibility of the revival of classical, expansive justifications for the use of force is then addressed. This is matched by a final section considering new security challenges and the emerging law in relation to them. Finally, the key arguments developed in the book are tied together in a substantive conclusion. The Handbook will be essential reading for scholars and students of international law and the use of force, and legal advisers to both government and NGOs.

Right V Might

Right V  Might PDF
Author: Louis Henkin
Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations
ISBN: 9780876090671
Size: 24.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 124
View: 5310

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The Use Of Force In International Law

The Use of Force in International Law PDF
Author: Tarcisio Gazzini
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351539779
Size: 28.70 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 648
View: 1266

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This volume of essays examines the development of political and legal thinking regarding the use of force in international relations. It provides an analysis of the rules on the use of force in the political, normative and factual contexts within which they apply and assesses their content and relevance in the light of new challenges such as terrorism, weapons of mass destruction and cyber-attacks. The volume begins with an overview of the ancient and medieval concepts of war and the use of force and then concentrates on the contemporary legal framework regulating the use of force as moulded by the United Nations Charter and state practice. In this regard it discusses specific issues such as the use of force by way of self-defence, armed reprisals, forcible reactions to terrorism, the use of force in the cyberspace, humanitarian intervention and the responsibility to protect. This collection of previously published classic research articles is of interest to scholars and students of international law and international relations as well as practitioners in international law.

Regulating The Use Of Force In International Law

Regulating the Use of Force in International Law PDF
Author: Russell Buchan
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781786439918
Size: 56.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 264
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This book provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the nature, content and scope of the rules regulating the use of force in international law as they are contained in the United Nations Charter, customary international law and international jurisprudence. The book's scope is broad and covers the prohibition on the threat or use of force; the use of force in self-defence; the use of force as part of the United Nations collective security system; the use of force by regional organisations; the use of force in peacekeeping operations; the use of force for humanitarian purposes; the use of force by invitation; armed reprisals; the use of force by and against non-State actors; and the use of force in cyberspace. The book takes an insightful look at the rules regulating the use of force as they are called upon to apply to changing and challenging circumstances such as the emergence of non-State actors, security risks, new technologies and moral considerations. Its arguments balance the interests of stability and change in order to enhance international law's regulatory potential regarding the use of force. This book is an important resource for students and scholars of international law, the use of force and collective security and for practitioners involved in the interpretation and application of these legal frameworks.

Military Assistance On Request And The Use Of Force

Military Assistance on Request and the Use of Force PDF
Author: Erika De Wet
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198784406
Size: 58.98 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 256
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The book examines if and to what extent the proliferation of direct military assistance on the request of a recognized government is changing the rules regulating the use of force. Since the end of the Cold War, several (sub)regional organizations in Africa have codified military assistance on request in their respective treaty frameworks. In addition, in countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen, internationally recognized governments embroiled in protracted armed conflicts have requested direct military assistance from individual States or groups of States. These requests are often accepted by the other States, and at times the United Nations Security Council, even when the requesting governments have very limited effective control over their territories, lack democratic legitimacy, and are engaged in wide-spread and systematic violations of international human rights, and humanitarian law.0 This book departs from a definition of requested military assistance that refers to the exercise of forcible measures by third-State armed forces or those controlled by an international organisation in the territory of the requesting State. It then examines the authority to issue a request for (or consent to) direct military assistance, as well as the type of situations in which such assistance may be requested?notably whether it can be requested during a civil war (armed conflict). De Wet finishes by examining the important and controversial question of whether, and to what extent, the proliferation of forcible assistance on request is changing the legal framework applying to the use of force in international law.

The Inherent Right Of Self Defence In International Law

The Inherent Right of Self Defence in International Law PDF
Author: Murray Colin Alder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400748515
Size: 61.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 222
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Determining the earliest point in time at which international law authorises a state to exercise its inherent right of self-defence is an issue which has been debated, but unsatisfactorily reasoned, by scholars and states since the 1960’s. Yet it remains arguably the most pressing question of law that faces the international community. This book unravels the legal and factual complications which have obscured the answer to this question. In contrast to most other works, it takes an historic approach by tracing the evolution of the rights, rules and principles of international law which have governed the use of force by states since the 16th century. Its emphasis on self-defence provides the reader with a new and complete understanding of how and why the international legal framework limits defensive force to repelling an imminent threat or use of offensive force which is directed at the territory of a state. Taking an historic approach enables this book to resurrect an understanding of the human defensive instinct which has guided the formation of the international law of self-defence. It also explains the true legal nature and scope of the inherent right of self-defence, of anticipatory self-defence and provides a definition of the legal commencement of an armed attack for the purpose of Article 51 of the Charter. Finally, the reader will receive a unique source of research materials and analysis of state practice and of scholarly works concerning self-defence and the use of force since the 16th century, which is suitable for all readers of international law around the world.

The Legitimacy Of Use Of Force In Public And Islamic International Law

The Legitimacy of Use of Force in Public and Islamic International Law PDF
Author: Mohammad Z. Sabuj
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030772985
Size: 34.20 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Conflict of laws
Languages : en
Pages : 207
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This book investigates the legitimacy deficits of two potentially conflicting legal systems, namely Public and Islamic international law. It discusses the challenges that Public international law is being presented within the context of its relationship with Islamic international law. It explores how best to overcome these challenges through a comparative examination of state practices on the use of force. It highlights the legal-political legacies that evolved surrounding the claims of the legitimacy of use of force by armed non-state actors, states, and regional organizations. This book offers a critical analysis of these legacies in line with the Islamic Shari'a law, United Nations Charter, state practices, and customs. It concludes that the legitimacy question has reached a vantage point where it cannot be answered either by Islamic or Public international law as a mutually exclusive legal system. Instead, Public international law must take a coherent approach within the existing legal framework.