The Morphology And Phonology Of Exponence

The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence PDF
Author: Jochen Trommer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199573727
Size: 77.47 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 568
View: 7551

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This book addresses the common problems, questions, and solutions of exponence, which concern the mapping of morphosyntactic structure to phonological representations. Leading specialists formulate a coherent research programme for exponence, integrating the central insights of the last decades and providing challenges for the future.

The Morphology And Phonology Of Exponence

The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence PDF
Author: Jochen Trommer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199573735
Size: 44.29 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 568
View: 949

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This book addresses the common problems, questions, and solutions of exponence, which concern the mapping of morphosyntactic structure to phonological representations. Leading specialists formulate a coherent research programme for exponence, integrating the central insights of the last decades and providing challenges for the future.

The Segment In Phonetics And Phonology

The Segment in Phonetics and Phonology PDF
Author: Eric Raimy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118555384
Size: 69.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 4131

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The Segment in Phonetics and Phonology unravels exactly whatthe segment is and on what levels it exists, approaching the studyof the segment with theoretical, empirical, and methodologicalheterogeneity as its guiding principle. A deliberately eclectic approach to the study of the segmentthat investigates exactly what the segment is and on what level itexists Includes new research data from a diverse range of fields suchas experimental psycholinguistics, language acquisition, andmathematical theories of communication Represents the major theoretical models of phonology, includingArticulatory Phonology, Optimality Theory, Laboratory Phonology andGenerative Phonology Examines both well-studied languages like English, Chinese, andJapanese and under-studied languages such as Southern Sierra Miwok,Päri, and American Sign Language

The Morphosyntax Phonology Connection

The Morphosyntax Phonology Connection PDF
Author: Vera Gribanova
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190210303
Size: 58.21 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 7378

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The contributions included in this volume arise from the Workshop on Locality and Directionality at the Morphosyntax-Phonology Interface, which took place at Stanford University on 12-14 October 2012.

Distributing Morphologically Conditioned Phonology

Distributing Morphologically Conditioned Phonology PDF
Author: Hannah Leigh Sande
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 57.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 206
View: 2379

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The focus of this study is process morphology in Guébie, an endangered Kru language spoken in Côte d'Ivoire. Unlike many primarily affixing morphological systems, much of the morphology in Guébie involves root-internal phonological changes like tone shift and vowel replacement. For this reason, Guébie data have much to offer discussions of the interface between morphology and phonology. Based on the Guébie facts presented here, I argue 1) that process morphology, where a non-concatenative phonological process is the sole exponent of a morpheme, is a subtype of morphologically conditioned phonology, and 2) that not all morphology involves underlying phonological items. I conclude that whether a morpheme triggers a phonological process is independent of whether a morpheme is associated with underlying phonological content. Instead, morphologically conditioned phonological processes are driven by phonological constraints, whose rankings are determined by particular morphosyntactic features present in the domain being phonologically evaluated. This study describes the phonology and morphology of Guébie, focusing in particular on three case studies of morphologically conditioned phonological processes. These include phonologically determined noun class agreement, scalar tone shift, and vowel replacement. In each of these case studies we see evidence for specific interactions between not only morphology and phonology, but also syntax and phonology. On the morphological side, Guébie tonal morphology shows us that not every morpheme is associated with an underlying (abstract) phonological item. With respect to syntax, we see that domains of phonological evaluation in Guébie must be larger than a single word, but not larger than a syntactic phase. We also see phonological processes sensitive to both morphosyntax and lexical class in Guébie, suggesting that any model of phonological grammar must be able to reference morphosyntactic and lexical information. By exploring morphological exponents across a language, we can narrow down the space of possible models that account for morphosyntactic interaction with phonology.

The Morphome Debate

The Morphome Debate PDF
Author: Ana Luís
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191006645
Size: 27.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 432
View: 130

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This volume surveys the current debate on the morphome, bringing together experts from different linguistic fields—morphology, phonology, semantics, typology, historical linguistics—and from different theoretical backgrounds, including both proponents and critics of autonomous morphology. The concept of the morphome is one of the most influential but contentious ideas in contemporary morphology. The term is typically used to denote a pattern of exponence lacking phonological, syntactic, or semantic motivation, and putative examples of morphomicity are frequently put forward as evidence for the existence of a purely morphological level of linguistic representation. Central to the volume is the need to attain a deeper understanding of morphomic patterns, developing stringent diagnostics of their existence, exploring the formal grammatical devices required to characterize them adequately, and assessing their implications for language acquisition and change. The extensive empirical evidence is drawn from a wide range of languages, including Archi, German, Kayardild, Latin and its descendants, Russian, Sanskrit, Selkup, Ulwa, and American Sign Language. As the first book to examine morphomic patterns from such a diverse range of perspectives and on such a broad cross-linguistic basis, The Morphome Debate will be of interest to researchers of all theoretical persuasions in morphology and related linguistic disciplines.

The Routledge Handbook Of North American Languages

The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages PDF
Author: Daniel Siddiqi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351810278
Size: 55.60 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 598
View: 3083

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The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages is a one-stop reference for linguists on those topics that come up the most frequently in the study of the languages of North America (including Mexico). This handbook compiles a list of contributors from across many different theories and at different stages of their careers, all of whom are well-known experts in North American languages. The volume comprises two distinct parts: the first surveys some of the phenomena most frequently discussed in the study of North American languages, and the second surveys some of the most frequently discussed language families of North America. The consistent goal of each contribution is to couch the content of the chapter in contemporary theory so that the information is maximally relevant and accessible for a wide range of audiences, including graduate students and young new scholars, and even senior scholars who are looking for a crash course in the topics. Empirically driven chapters provide fundamental knowledge needed to participate in contemporary theoretical discussions of these languages, making this handbook an indispensable resource for linguistics scholars.

From Sounds To Structures

From Sounds to Structures PDF
Author: Roberto Petrosino
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1501506633
Size: 44.94 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 548
View: 5017

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The term ‘Maya’, in Indian traditions, refers to our sensory perception of the world and, as such, to a superficial reality (or ‘un–reality’) that we must look beyond to find the inner reality of things. Applied to the study of language, we perceive sounds, a superficial reality, and then we seek structures, the underlying reality in what we call phonology, morphology, and syntax. This volume starts with an introduction by the editors, which shows how the various papers contained in the volume reflect the spectrum of research interests of Andrea Calabrese, as well as his influence on the work of colleagues and his students. Contributors, united in their search for the abstract structures that underlie the appearances of languages include linguists such as Adriana Belletti, Paola Benincà, Jonathan Bobaljik, Gugliemo Cinque, David Embick, Mirko Grimaldi, Harry van der Hulst, Michael Kenstowicz, Maria Rita Manzini, Andrew Nevins, Elizabeth Pyatt, Luigi Rizzi, Leonardo Savoia, Laura Vanelli, Bert Vaux, Susi Wurmbrand, as well as a few junior researchers including Mariachiara Berizzi, Giuliano Bocci, Stefano Canalis, Silvio Cruschina, Irina Monich, Beata Moskal, Diego Pescarini, Joseph Perry, Roberto Petrosino, and Kobey Schwayder.

The Construction Of Words

The Construction of Words PDF
Author: Geert Booij
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319743945
Size: 65.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 622
View: 5423

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This volume focuses on detailed studies of various aspects of Construction Morphology, and combines theoretical analysis and descriptive detail. It deals with data from several domains of linguistics and contributes to an integration of findings from various subdisciplines of linguistics into a common model of the architecture of language. It presents applications and extensions of the model of Construction Morphology to a wide range of languages. Construction Morphology is one of the theoretical paradigms in present-day morphology. It makes use of concepts of Construction Grammar for the analysis of word formation and inflection. Complex words are seen as constructions, that is, pairs of form and meaning. Morphological patterns are accounted for by construction schemas. These are the recipes for coining new words and word forms, and they motivate the properties of existing complex words. Both schemas and individual words are stored, and hence there is no strict separation of lexicon and grammar. In addition to abstract schemas there are subschemas for subclasses of complex words with specific properties. This architecture of the grammar is in harmony with findings from other empirical domains of linguistics such as language acquisition, word processing, and language change.

Approaches To Metaphony In The Languages Of Italy

Approaches to Metaphony in the Languages of Italy PDF
Author: Francesc Torres-Tamarit
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110393271
Size: 71.42 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 382
View: 4352

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This volume presents current work on a topic in Romance linguistics that still informs linguistic theory to this day: metaphony in the languages of Italy. Papers discuss fundamental research topics such as phonological opacity in the light of chain shifts, post-tonic harmony and consonant transparency, the role of morphosyntax in the typology of metaphony, the explanatory adequacy of feature-based versus element-based analyses, and the locus of metaphony in grammar. Other chapters present new experimental data, thus building a more accurate empirical foundation for the study of metaphony. We envision the volume to become a reference book not only for an updated descriptive survey of metaphonic patterns in Italy but also a thorough discussion of the challenges that metaphony poses for different (morpho)phonological theories. The book bridges the gap between descriptive works and theoretical thinking in the study of metaphony.

All Things Morphology

All Things Morphology PDF
Author: Sedigheh Moradi
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027259747
Size: 57.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 439
View: 1420

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This book provides a view of where the field of morphology has been and where it is today within a particular theoretical framework, gathering up new and representative work in morphology by both eminent and emerging scholars, and touching on a very wide range of topics, approaches, and theoretical points of view. These seemingly disparate articles have a common touchstone in their focus on a word-based, paradigmatic approach to morphology. The chapters in this book elaborate on these basic themes, from the further exploration of paradigms, to studies involving words, stems, and affixes, to examinations of competition, inheritance, and defaults, to investigations of morphomes, to ways that morphology interacts with other parts of the language from phonology to sociolinguistics and applied linguistics. The editors and contributors dedicate this volume to Prof. Mark Aronoff for his profound influence on the field.

The Phonology And Morphology Of Reduplication

The Phonology and Morphology of Reduplication PDF
Author: Eric Raimy
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311082583X
Size: 15.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 6815

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This book proposes a new representational analysis of reduplication based on making explicit precedence relations in phonological representations. The main claim is that reduplication results from loops in the precedence structure of phonological representations. Modular rule based analyses of overapplication and underapplication effects including backcopying are presented to argue against the McCarthy and Prince (1995) claim that a derivational model of reduplication is conceptually and empirically inadequate. Other sections of the book discuss the implications of explicit precedence information for the concatenation of morphemes, the analysis of infixation, and templates in reduplication. Analyses of relevant phenomena from Indonesian, Tohono Oodham, Chaha, Chumash and Nancowry among other languages are provided.

Morphological Length And Prosodically Defective Morphemes

Morphological Length and Prosodically Defective Morphemes PDF
Author: Eva Zimmermann
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198747322
Size: 80.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 655

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This book investigates the phenomenon of morphological length manipulation: changes in segmental length that cannot be explained by phonological means alone but crucially rely on morphological information. Eva Zimmermann provides a unified theoretical account of these phenomena by taking into account all possible prosodically defective morpheme representations and their potential effects on the resulting surface structure. Data are drawn from a wide range of theworld's languages, including Aymara, Yine, Upriver Halkomelem, Wolof, Hungarian, Tohono O'odham, and Southern Sierra Miwok, providing a through representative database of morphological lengthmanipulation patterns in the languages of the world. The author demonstrates that alternative accounts suffer from significant problems of both under- and over-generation when tested against the full range of attested phenomena. The volume will be of interest to all researchers and graduate students working in theoretical phonology and morphology.

Romance Phonetics And Phonology

Romance Phonetics and Phonology PDF
Author: Mark Gibson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198739400
Size: 65.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 512
View: 3545

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This volume explores several recurring topics in Romance phonetics and phonology, with a special focus on the segment, syllable, word, and phrase levels of analysis. An international team of experts and junior researchers present research that ranges from the low-level mechanical processes involved in speech production and perception to high-level representation and computation, based on data from across the Romance language family, including from varieties that are less widely studied. The book is divided into five parts. In the first, chapters present acoustic studies, examining topics such as Italian anaphonesis and voiceless fricative sibilants in Galician, while chapters in part two turn to articulatory studies of features including three-consonant onsets in Romanian and rhotic variation in Tuscan Italian. The focus of the third part is perception, and includes studies of perceived phrasing in French and perceptual cues for individual voice quality, while part four examines phonological issues such as Galician mid-vowel reduction and sibilant voicing in Spanish. Chapters in the final part of the volume look at the effects of production and perception on issues in language acquisition. The book draws on a range of experimental and methodological approaches and will be of interest not only to scholars of Romance linguistics but also to all those working in phonetics and phonology from graduate level upwards.

Grammatik Im Korpus

Grammatik im Korpus PDF
Author: Eric Fuß
Publisher: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag
ISBN: 3823392573
Size: 51.74 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : de
Pages : 357
View: 1000

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Die Arbeiten in diesem Band zeigen anhand ausgewählter morphosyntaktischer Phänomene exemplarisch auf, wie ein korpuslinguistischer Zugang genutzt werden kann, um die Vielfalt und Variabilität des Sprachgebrauchs in einer größeren Detailschärfe zu beschreiben, als dies bisher möglich war. Ausgangspunkt ist die Überlegung, dass sprachliche Variation als integraler Bestandteil der (Standard-)Sprache anzusehen ist und somit auch deskriptiv erfasst werden muss. Dabeigeht es zunächst um eine möglichst genaue Beschreibung der Verteilung und Häufigkeit verschiedener Ausprägungen ausgewählter Variablen. Eine umfassende Beschreibung eines Variationsphänomens beinhaltet zudem die Ermittlung und Gewichtung der Faktoren, die die Distribution der Variantensteuern. In diesem Zusammenhang werden Hypothesen aus der einschlägigen Forschungsliteratur unter Verwendung moderner statistischer Verfahren überprüft. Darüber hinaus enthalten die vorliegenden Studien eine explorative Komponente, die sich mit der Aufdeckung neuer Muster, Regularitäten und linguistischer Zusammenhänge befasst. Dabei werden verschiedene korpuslinguistische und statistische Ansätze und Verfahren erprobt und evaluiert.