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The Evolution Of Modern Humans In Africa

The Evolution of Modern Humans in Africa PDF
Author: Pamela R. Willoughby
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
Release: 2007
ISBN: 9780759101197
Size: 54.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 439
View: 5584

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The Evolution Of Modern Humans In Africa

by Pamela R. Willoughby, The Evolution Of Modern Humans In Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Evolution Of Modern Humans In Africa books, A fascinating, detailed study of the origins of modern humans. Includes material from Willoughby's own research in Tanzania.



The Origins Of Modern Humans

The Origins of Modern Humans PDF
Author: Fred H. Smith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release: 2013-07-09
ISBN: 1118659902
Size: 75.56 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 3874

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The Origins Of Modern Humans

by Fred H. Smith, The Origins Of Modern Humans Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Origins Of Modern Humans books, This update to the award-winning The Origins of ModernHumans: A World Survey of the Fossil Evidence covers the mostaccepted common theories concerning the emergence of modern Homosapiens—adding fresh insight from top young scholars onthe key new discoveries of the past 25 years. The Origins of Modern Humans: Biology Reconsidered allowsfield leaders to discuss and assess the assemblage of hominidfossil material in each region of the world during the Pleistoceneepoch. It features new fossil and molecular evidence, such as theevolutionary inferences drawn from assessments of modern humans andlarge segments of the Neandertal genome. It also addresses theimpact of digital imagery and the more sophisticated morphometricsthat have entered the analytical fray since 1984. Beginning with a thoughtful introduction by the authors onmodern human origins, the book offers such insightful chaptercontributions as: Africa: The Cradle of Modern People Crossroads of the Old World: Late Hominin Evolution in WesternAsia A River Runs through It: Modern Human Origins in East Asia Perspectives on the Origins of Modern Australians Modern Human Origins in Central Europe The Makers of the Early Upper Paleolithic in WesternEurasia Neandertal Craniofacial Growth and Development and ItsRelevance for Modern Human Origins Energetics and the Origin of Modern Humans Understanding Human Cranial Variation in Light of Modern HumanOrigins The Relevance of Archaic Genomes to Modern Human Origins The Process of Modern Human Origins: The Evolutionary andDemographic Changes Giving Rise to Modern Humans The Paleobiology of Modern Human Emergence Elegant and thought provoking, The Origins of Modern Humans:Biology Reconsidered is an ideal read for students, gradstudents, and professionals in human evolution andpaleoanthropology.



Human Evolution

Human Evolution PDF
Author: Paul F. Kisak
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release: 2016-04-17
ISBN: 9781532828843
Size: 80.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 600
View: 5692

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Human Evolution

by Paul F. Kisak, Human Evolution Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Human Evolution books, Human evolution is the evolutionary process that led to the emergence of anatomically modern humans. The topic typically focuses on the evolutionary history of the primates-in particular the genus Homo, and the emergence of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominids (or "great apes")-rather than studying the earlier history that led to the primates. The study of human evolution involves many scientific disciplines, including physical anthropology, primatology, archaeology, paleontology, neurobiology, ethology, linguistics, evolutionary psychology, embryologyand genetics. Genetic studies show that primates diverged from other mammals about 85million years ago, in the Late Cretaceous period, and the earliest fossils appear in the Paleocene, around 55million years ago. Within the Hominoidea (apes) superfamily, the Hominidaefamily diverged from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family some 15-20 million years ago; African great apes (subfamily Homininae) diverged fromorangutans (Ponginae) about 14million years ago; the Hominini tribe (humans, Australopithecines and other extinct biped genera, and chimpanzees) parted from the Gorillini tribe (gorillas) about 8 million years ago; and, in turn, the subtribes Hominina (humans and biped ancestors) and Panina (chimps) separated about 7.5 million years ago. The basic adaptation of the hominin line is bipedalism. The earliest bipedal hominin is considered to be either Sahelanthropus or Orrorin; alternatively, either Sahelanthropus or Orrorin may instead be the last shared ancestor between chimps and humans. Ardipithecus, a full biped, arose somewhat later, and the early bipeds eventually evolved into the australopithecines, and later into the genus Homo. The earliest documented representative of the genus Homo is Homo habilis, which evolved around 2.8 million years ago, and is arguably the earliest species for which there is positive evidence of the use of stone tools. The brains of these early hominins were about the same size as that of a chimpanzee, although it has been suggested that this was the time in which the human SRGAP2 gene doubled, producing a more rapid wiring of the frontal cortex. During the next million years a process of rapid encephalization occurred, and with the arrival of Homo erectus and Homo ergaster in the fossil record, cranial capacity had doubled to 850 cm3. (Such an increase in human brain size is equivalent to each generation having 125,000 more neurons than their parents.) It is believed that Homo erectus and Homo ergaster were the first to use fire and complex tools, and were the first of the hominin line to leave Africa, spreading throughout Africa, Asia, and Europe between 1.3 to 1.8 million years ago. According to the recent African origin of modern humans theory, modern humans evolved in Africa possibly from Homo heidelbergensis, Homo rhodesiensis or Homo antecessorand migrated out of the continent some 50,000 to 100,000 years ago, gradually replacing local populations of Homo erectus, Denisova hominins, Homo floresiensis and Homo neanderthalensis. Archaic Homo sapiens, the forerunner of anatomically modern humans, evolved in the Middle Paleolithic between 400,000 and 250,000 years ago. This book discusses the latest comprehensive information about human evolution and is designed to be a reference and provide an overview of the topic and give the reader a structured knowledge to familiarize yourself with the topic at the most affordable price possible. The accuracy and knowledge is of an international viewpoint as the edited articles represent the inputs of many knowledgeable individuals and some of the most current knowledge on the topic, based on the date of publication.



Human Evolution

Human Evolution PDF
Author: Bernard Grant Campbell
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Release: 1967
ISBN: 9780202366623
Size: 43.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 523
View: 7333

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Human Evolution

by Bernard Grant Campbell, Human Evolution Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Human Evolution books, In this new fourth edition, Campbell has revised and updated his classic introduction to the field. Human Evolution synthesizes the major findings of modern research and theory and presents a complete and integrated account of the evolution of human beings. New developments in microbiology and recent fossil records are incorporated into the enormous range of this volume, with the resulting text as lucid and comprehensive as earlier editions. The fourth edition retains the thematic structure and organization of the third, with its cogent treatment of human variability and speciation, primate locomotion, and nonverbal communication and the evolution of language, supported by more than 150 detailed illustrations and an expanded and updated glossary and bibliography. As in prior editions, the book treats evolution as a concomitant development of the main behavioral and functional complexes of the genus Homo among them motor control and locomotion, mastication and digestion, the senses and reproduction. It analyzes each complex in terms of its changing function, and continually stresses how the separate complexes evolve interdependently over the long course of the human journey. All these aspects are placed within the context of contemporary evolutionary and genetic theory, analyses of the varied extensions of the fossil record, and contemporary primatology and comparative morphology. The result is a primary text for undergraduate and graduate courses, one that will also serve as required reading for anthropologists, biologists, and nonspecialists with an interest in human evolution. "Synthesizes the conventional academic thought into a textbook or detailed account for lay readers. Along the chronological narrative are discussions of progress in homeostasis, the primate radiation, locomotion and the hindlimb, function and structure of the head, reproduction and social structure, and culture and society." Book News Bernard Campbell has been a visiting lecturer at Harvard and Cambridge, and has taught and conducted research in Eastern and Southern Africa. He was professor of anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles, from 1970-76. Dr. Campbell is author/coauthor of Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man; Human Ecology (second edition, Aldine); Humankind Emerging and the definitive three-volume Catalogue of Fossil Hominids.



Modern Humans

Modern Humans PDF
Author: John F. Hoffecker
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release: 2017-10-31
ISBN: 0231543743
Size: 29.53 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 544
View: 4055

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Modern Humans

by John F. Hoffecker, Modern Humans Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Modern Humans books, Modern Humans is a vivid account of the most recent—and perhaps the most important—phase of human evolution: the appearance of anatomically modern people (Homo sapiens) in Africa less than half a million years ago and their later spread throughout the world. Leaving no stone unturned, John F. Hoffecker demonstrates that Homo sapiens represents a “major transition” in the evolution of living systems in terms of fundamental changes in the role of non-genetic information. Modern Humans synthesizes recent findings from genetics (including the rapidly growing body of ancient DNA), the human fossil record, and archaeology relating to the African origin and global dispersal of anatomically modern people. Hoffecker places humans in the broad context of the evolution of life, emphasizing the critical role of genetic and non-genetic forms of information in living systems as well as how changes in the storage, transmission, and translation of information underlie major transitions in evolution. He also draws on information and complexity theory to explain the emergence of Homo sapiens in Africa several hundred thousand years ago and the rapid and unprecedented spread of our species into a variety of environments in Australia and Eurasia, including the Arctic and Beringia, beginning between 75,000 and 60,000 years ago. This magisterial work will appeal to all with an interest in the ever-fascinating field of human evolution.



The Origin And Evolution Of Humans And Humanness

The Origin and Evolution of Humans and Humanness PDF
Author: D. Tab Rasmussen
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release: 1993
ISBN: 9780867208573
Size: 75.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 146
View: 6230

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The Origin And Evolution Of Humans And Humanness

by D. Tab Rasmussen, The Origin And Evolution Of Humans And Humanness Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Origin And Evolution Of Humans And Humanness books, This volume represents the proceedings of the Irving Stone Memorial Symposium on "The Origin of Humans and Humanness." Scientists in the fields of anthropology, archaeology, biology and ecology were invited to discuss their research concerning the how's, where's and why's of the evolutionary history of humans. Using our knowledge of the behavior and reproduction of living primates, chapter 1 describes what made the earliest human-like animals of 4 million years ago different from their ape relatives. While showing how the science of paleontology works, the origin of our genus, Homo, is discussed in chapter 2. With emphasis on those humans who first made regular use of stone tools some 2 million years ago, chapter 3 interprets ancient human behavior and ecology from an archeological perspective. Tools from genetics, molecular biology, archaeology and paleontology are used to examine the origin of modern Homo sapiens in chapter 4. Chapter 5 looks at the artistry of Ice Age craftsmen. Finally, using computer methods, chapter 6 delves into the complex issue of how does human behavior change, and what is the relationship between biological and cultural evolution?



The Cradle Of Language

The Cradle of Language PDF
Author: Rudolf Botha
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Release: 2009-04-30
ISBN: 0199545855
Size: 77.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 386
View: 7475

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The Cradle Of Language

by Rudolf Botha, The Cradle Of Language Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Cradle Of Language books, This book is the first to focus on the African origins of human language. It explores the origins of language and culture 250,000-150,000 years ago when modern humans evolved in Africa. Scholars from around the world address the fossil, genetic, and archaeological evidence and critically examine the ways it has been interpreted. The book also considers parallel developments among Europe's Neanderthals and the contrasting outcomes for the two species. Following an extensiveintroduction contextualizing and linking the book's topics and approaches, fifteen chapters bring together many of the most significant recent findings and developments in modern human origins research. The fields represented by the authors include genetics, biology, behavioural ecology, linguistics,archaeology, cognitive science, and anthropology.



Dental Perspectives On Human Evolution

Dental Perspectives on Human Evolution PDF
Author: Shara E. Bailey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2007-08-20
ISBN: 1402058446
Size: 31.92 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 412
View: 5076

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Dental Perspectives On Human Evolution

by Shara E. Bailey, Dental Perspectives On Human Evolution Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dental Perspectives On Human Evolution books, The objective of the volume is to bring together, in one collection, the most innovative dental anthropological research as it pertains to the study of hominid evolution. In the past few decades both the numbers of hominid dental fossils and the sophistication of the techniques used to analyze them have increased substantially. The book’s contributions focus on dental morphometrics, growth and development, diet and dental evolution.



The First Humans

The First Humans PDF
Author: Frederick E. Grine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2009-05-24
ISBN: 9781402099809
Size: 73.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 220
View: 3446

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The First Humans

by Frederick E. Grine, The First Humans Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The First Humans books, There are some issues in human paleontology that seem to be timeless. Most deal with the origin and early evolution of our own genus – something about which we should care. Some of these issues pertain to taxonomy and systematics. How many species of Homo were there in the Pliocene and Pleistocene? How do we identify the earliest members the genus Homo? If there is more than one Plio-Pleistocene species, how do they relate to one another, and where and when did they evolve? Other issues relate to questions about body size, proportions and the functional adaptations of the locomotor skeleton. When did the human postcranial “Bauplan” evolve, and for what reasons? What behaviors (and what behavioral limitations) can be inferred from the postcranial bones that have been attributed to Homo habilis and Homo erectus? Still other issues relate to growth, development and life history strategies, and the biological and archeological evidence for diet and behavior in early Homo. It is often argued that dietary change played an important role in the origin and early evolution of our genus, with stone tools opening up scavenging and hunting opportunities that would have added meat protein to the diet of Homo. Still other issues relate to the environmental and climatic context in which this genus evolved.



Principles Of Human Evolution

Principles of Human Evolution PDF
Author: Robert Andrew Foley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release: 2013-05-03
ISBN: 111868799X
Size: 52.11 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 576
View: 2071

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Principles Of Human Evolution

by Robert Andrew Foley, Principles Of Human Evolution Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Principles Of Human Evolution books, Principles of Human Evolution presents an in-depthintroduction to paleoanthropology and the study of human evolution.Focusing on the fundamentals of evolutionary theory and how theseapply to ecological, molecular genetic, paleontological andarcheological approaches to important questions in the field, thistimely textbook will help students gain a perspective on humanevolution in the context of modern biological thinking. The second edition of this successful text features the additionof Robert Foley, a leading researcher in Human EvolutionaryStudies, to the writing team. Strong emphasis on evolutionarytheory, ecology and behavior and scores of new examples reflect thelatest evolutionary theories and recent archaeological finds. Morethan a simple update, the new edition is organized by issue ratherthan chronology, integrating behavior, adaptation and anatomy. Anew design and new figure references make this edition moreaccessible for students and instructors. New author, Robert Foley – leading figure in HumanEvolutionary Studies – joins the writing team. Dedicated website – www.blackwellpublishing.com/lewin– provides study resources and artwork downloadable forPowerpoint presentations. Beyond the Facts boxes – explore key scientific debatesin greater depth. Margin Comments – indicate the key points in eachsection. Key Questions – review and test students’ knowledgeof central chapter concepts and help focus the way a studentapproaches reading the text. New emphasis on ecological and behavioral evolution – inkeeping with modern research. Fully up to date with recent fossil finds and interpretations;integration of genetic and paleoanthropological approaches.