Sociological Theory In Transition Rle Social Theory

Sociological Theory in Transition  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Mark L. Wardell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317650999
Size: 56.45 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 188
View: 2440

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Current sociological theories appear to have lost their general persuasiveness in part because, unlike the theories of the ‘classical era’, they fail to maintain an integrated stance toward society, and the practical role that sociology plays in society. The authors explore various facets of this failure and possibilities for reconstructing sociological theories as integrated wholes capable of conveying a moral and political immediacy. They discuss the evolution of several concepts (for example, the social, structure, and self) and address the significant disputes (for example, structuralism versus humanism, and individual versus society) that have dominated twentieth-century sociological thought. Their ideas and analyses are directed towards an audience of students and theorists who are coming to terms with the project of sociological theory, and its relationship with moral discourses and political practice. The authors of these essays are sociological theorists from the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada. They are all established, but not ‘establishment’ authors. The book contains no orthodoxies, and no answers. However, the essays do contribute to identifying the range of issues that will constitute the agenda for the next generation of sociological theorists.

Sociological Theory In Transition Rle Social Theory

Sociological Theory in Transition  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Mark L. Wardell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651006
Size: 30.25 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 188
View: 7161

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Current sociological theories appear to have lost their general persuasiveness in part because, unlike the theories of the ‘classical era’, they fail to maintain an integrated stance toward society, and the practical role that sociology plays in society. The authors explore various facets of this failure and possibilities for reconstructing sociological theories as integrated wholes capable of conveying a moral and political immediacy. They discuss the evolution of several concepts (for example, the social, structure, and self) and address the significant disputes (for example, structuralism versus humanism, and individual versus society) that have dominated twentieth-century sociological thought. Their ideas and analyses are directed towards an audience of students and theorists who are coming to terms with the project of sociological theory, and its relationship with moral discourses and political practice. The authors of these essays are sociological theorists from the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada. They are all established, but not ‘establishment’ authors. The book contains no orthodoxies, and no answers. However, the essays do contribute to identifying the range of issues that will constitute the agenda for the next generation of sociological theorists.

Choice Rationality And Social Theory Rle Social Theory

Choice  Rationality and Social Theory  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Barry Hindess
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652134
Size: 46.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 138
View: 4676

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Choice, Rationality and Social Theory is a powerful rebuttal of the remarkably influential theories underlying 'rational choice analysis'. Rational choice analysis maintains that social life is principally to be explained as the outcome of rational choices on the part of individual actors. Adherents of this view include not only philosophers, political scientists and sociologists, but also prominent politicians in Western governments – notably of the United Kingdom and the United States. Rational choice analysis is said to be rigorous, capable of great technical sophistication, and able to generate powerful explanations on the basis of a few, relatively simple theoretical assumptions. Barry Hindess argues that the theory is seriously deficient, first, because there are important actors in the modern world other than human individuals, and second, because it says nothing about those processes of deliberation that play an important part in actors' decisions. The use of highly questionable assumptions about actors and their rationality has the effect of closing off important areas of intellectual inquiry and ignoring the reality of certain forms of thought and the social conditions on which they depend. These points are established through detailed examination of the concepts of the actor and of rationality – providing an overall argument that constitutes a serious challenge to any adherent of rational choice analysis.

Baudrillard Rle Social Theory

Baudrillard  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Mike Gane
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652460
Size: 66.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 3412

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Baudrillard is widely recognised as a powerful new force in cultural and social criticism, and is often referred to as the ‘High Priest of Postmodernism’. This study presents a detached assessment of his social thought and his reputation, challenging the way his work has been received in postmodernism and proposing a new reading of his contribution to social theory. Using many sources currently available only in French, Mike Gane provides the keys to understanding Baudrillard’s project and reveals the extent and scope of Baudrillard’s challenge to modern social theory and cultural criticism. He looks at the sources of Baudrillard’s ideas, analysing how Baudrillard has turned these sources against themselves. He describes Baudrillard’s dramatic encounter with critical Marxist theory and psychoanalysis, showing how Baudrillard’s post-Marxist writings define, through the exploration of fatal theory, a new episode in cultural history: a period of cultural implosion. This balanced account of Baudrillard’s social theory emphasises the originality of his work and argues that his significance can only be understood by grasping the paradoxes of his project – Baudrillard’s work is poetic, yet, at the same time, critical and fatal.

Sociological Theory In Use Rle Social Theory

Sociological Theory in Use  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Kenneth Menzies
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317657187
Size: 58.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 4774

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Central to most sociologists’ self-image is the claim that their theories are based on research. However, using a random sample of 680 articles appearing in major American, British and Canadian journals, Dr Menzies shows that in some areas of sociology the wide gap between theory and research means that much of sociological theory is virtually untested. He explains how theory is embodied in eight particular types of research, critically examines these research theories, and contrasts them with the positions of modern theorists. The sample of journal articles also permits a comparison of British, American and Canadian sociology. By contrasting on how researchers us theories, Dr Menzies is able to reassess several theories. For instance, symbolic interactionist research uses embedded causal claims and stands in a dialectical relationship to other sociological research, while the research version of conflict theory depends on external causes to explain social change. The implications of using statistical techniques like factor analysis and regression are also considered in relation to the form of explanation.

Sociology And Social Research Rle Social Theory

Sociology and Social Research  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Geoff Payne
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317650840
Size: 44.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 332
View: 7259

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A social science which has become so remote from the society which pays for its upkeep is ultimately doomed, threatened less by repression than by intellectual contempt and financial neglect. This is the message of the authors of this book in this reassessment of the evolution and present state of British sociology. Their investigation analyses the discipline as a social institution, whose product is inexorably shaped by the everyday circumstances of its producers; it is the concrete outcome of people’s work, rather than a body of abstract ideas. Drawing upon their varied experience as teachers and researchers, they identify three major trends in contemporary sociology. First, that the discipline’s rapid expansion has led to a retreat from rigorous research into Utopian and introspective theorising. Second, that the concept of sociological research is being taught in a totally false way because of this, and encourages ‘research’ within a wholly academic environment. Third, that the current unpopularity of sociology with academics, prospective students and politicians is no coincidence, but a reflection of the conditions under which sociology is now produced and practised. In Sociology and Social Research the authors suggest substantial changes in sociological research, the way in which it is carried out and the conditions under which it is undertaken. Their book is a timely warning to fellow sociologists when the profession is under attack as a result of public expenditure cuts.

R D Laing His Work And Its Relevance For Sociology Rle Social Theory

R D  Laing  His Work and its Relevance for Sociology  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Martin Howarth-Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651235
Size: 55.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 226
View: 1396

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This study, by a sociologist, provides the most rigorous and comprehensive review to appear so far of R. D. Laing's work and theoretical development. Martin Howarth-Williams considers that Laing's insights into such controversial issues as the divided self and the politics of the family are of an importance that transcends their basis in clinical psychiatry and that they have a special significance for sociology. Using the Progressive/Regressive Method of Jean-Paul Sartre, the author illuminates the internal coherence of Laing's aims through the various stages of his work and shows how his ideas are shaped by consistent philosophic presuppositions and influences underlying his work. To give as complete an account as possible of Laing's interests and to relate them to the broad stream of his thought, the author explores Laing's involvement in other non-psychiatric realms – especially politics, religion and eastern mysticism. Material has been secured from a wide variety of recent sources which include interviews, films, TV appearances and the author's own personal recollections of informal talks given by Laing. In the final section of the book Martin Howarth-Williams isolates the concept of 'Intelligibility', which he demonstrates to be the unifying theme central to Laing's theory and shows how this can be used as the basis for a critique of recent developments in sociological theory as well as a starting point towards a genuinely dialectical sociology.

Sociological Theory Rle Social Theory

Sociological Theory  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Keith Dixon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000155803
Size: 64.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 140
View: 4928

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Most professional sociologists claim that sociology is, or ought to be, a theoretical science. Keith Dixon argues here that this claim is formulated in such a way that a proper evaluation of its status is extremely difficult, and that the contingent objections to the possibility of sociological theorizing are sufficiently strong for such activity to be labelled as pretence. He believes that pretence to the theoretical is a hindrance to the development of sociology proper. It devalues significant empirical work by giving status to research findings only in so far as they relate to often arbitrarily conceived 'theoretical' concerns; it leads to a systematic neglect of the historical dimension in the explanation of human behaviour; and it sets up ideals of explanation whose pursuit leads to sterility, frustration and even intellectual corruption. Keith Dixon emphasizes, however, that in attacking the contingent possibility of theory, he does not mean to devalue empirical expertise, analytic skill or the exercise of disciplined speculative intelligence. The argument of his book is that intelligence can only flourish when released from the constraints of attempting to justify the unjustifiable.

Ideas And Intervention Rle Social Theory

Ideas and Intervention  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Joe Bailey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651782
Size: 37.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 162
View: 5359

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Theorizing in sociology has increasingly become a self-generating and self-fulfilling activity, as sociologists absorb theory as an isolated and formalist part of their discipline. Joe Bailey believes that sociological theory should be a contribution to practical social intervention. His book presents a practical view of social theorizing as an activity at which sociologists are skilled and which they could teach to the interventionist professions. The relation between theory and practice is defined as one in which theory guides practice and makes explicit necessary choices. A description of disciplines and professions is provided as a basis for examining social intervention in three areas – law, social work and urban planning. The author considers some exemplary contributions which sociological theorizing could and should provide, and concludes by proposing a pluralist view of theory as the best strategy for a sociology relevant to practice.

The Future Of The Sociological Classics Rle Social Theory

The Future of the Sociological Classics  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Buford Rhea
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000155749
Size: 22.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 220
View: 4394

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In this important volume of specially commissioned essays, nine leading sociologists present their answers to the question, 'What use are the sociological classics today?' They report on the latest scholarship, on neglected features of the various masters, on promising applications and unrecognised implications.

The Study Of Society Rle Social Theory

The Study of Society  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: F.C. Bartlett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317650603
Size: 47.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 510
View: 3833

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There is today widespread recognition of the fact that the future of human civilization depends to a high degree upon Man’s capacity to understand the forces and factors which control his own behaviour. Such understanding must be achieved, not only as regards individual conduct, but equally as regards the mass phenomena resulting from group contacts, which are becoming increasingly intimate and influential. Until this present volume, nowhere have the three sciences of sociology, psychology and social anthropology been properly mobilized to deal with the social problems which yearly grow more pressing. The essays in this book aim to address this.

Discovering Sociology Rle Social Theory

Discovering Sociology  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: John Rex
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651952
Size: 34.47 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 294
View: 3731

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Professor John Rex was one of Britain’s most eminent sociologists, and a teacher of a whole generation of sociology students. In this book he presents a stimulating introduction to the major issues of sociological theory and gives an account of the perspective which has informed his thinking and writing. He deals with the objectives of sociological investigation, the methods it uses and how in these respects it resembles or differs from natural science and history. He goes on to discuss the work of Weber, Durkheim, Marx, Engels, Mills and other important theorists, and concludes with a convincing demonstration of the continuing relevance of the Weberian tradition to the study of sociology.

Founding Theory Of American Sociology 1881 1915 Rle Social Theory

Founding Theory of American Sociology  1881 1915  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Roscoe C. Hinkle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000155722
Size: 56.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 388
View: 1090

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Based on a comparative study of the theories of such sociologists as Ward, Sumner, Keller, Giddings, Ross, Small and Cooley, this is a systematic and rigorous analysis of the main features of earlier sociological theory in the USA. The author identifies and characterizes the basic assumptions of early American sociological thought in terms of an abstract analytical scheme. He shows that early theory focused on social ontological interests, the pervasive ontological stance being evolutionary naturalism, within which the problems of social origins and social change tended to be paramount. He also points out that some sociologists preferred a social process theory. In his final chapter the author suggests the degree of similarity and dissimilarity, of continuity and discontinuity, between earlier and later theory in American sociology, and provides a basis for explaining and interpreting the character of the prevalent assumptions of one period in American theory in relation to other periods.

The Normative Structure Of Sociology Rle Social Theory

The Normative Structure of Sociology  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Hermann Strasser
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652320
Size: 49.20 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 284
View: 1936

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In this provocative analysis of the central issues and developments in modern social theory, Dr Strasser contends that enquiry into the function, tasks and mission of sociology as a discipline can be understood only in relation to the subject's historical development. He believes that a discussion of the origin and intention of sociology, particularly in relation to the established social order, enables us to grasp fully the nature of sociological theory, both past and present. He maintains that a sociologist's own position in society, and consequently his views on its development and his way of expressing those views, will affect the theoretical position he takes up.

Agency And Structure Rle Social Theory

Agency and Structure  RLE Social Theory  PDF
Author: Piotr Sztompka
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317652584
Size: 35.91 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 4034

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A striking feature of the human condition is its dual, contradictory, inherently split character; on the one hand, autonomy and freedom; on the other, constraint and dependence on social structure. This volume addresses this central problem of the linkage between human action and social structure in sociological and social science theory. Contributions cover several different approaches to the agency-structure problematic, and represent the work of a number of leading international sociologists. Their efforts point to a reorientation of social theory, both on philosophical and methodological levels.