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Reason And Explanation

Reason and Explanation PDF
Author: T. Poston
Publisher: Springer
Release: 2014-08-03
ISBN: 1137012269
Size: 43.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 195
View: 7048

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Reason And Explanation

by T. Poston, Reason And Explanation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reason And Explanation books, In this new explanationist account of epistemic justification, Poston argues that the explanatory virtues provide all the materials necessary for a plausible account of justified belief. There are no purely autonomous reasons. Rather reasons occur only within an explanatory coherent set of beliefs.



Abduction Reason And Science

Abduction  Reason and Science PDF
Author: L. Magnani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2011-06-27
ISBN: 144198562X
Size: 48.22 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 205
View: 5584

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Abduction Reason And Science

by L. Magnani, Abduction Reason And Science Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Abduction Reason And Science books, This book ties together the concerns of philosophers of science and AI researchers, showing for example the connections between scientific thinking and medical expert systems. It lays out a useful general framework for discussion of a variety of kinds of abduction. It develops important ideas about aspects of abductive reasoning that have been relatively neglected in cognitive science, including the use of visual and temporal representations and the role of abduction in the withdrawal of hypotheses.



Reason And Value

Reason and Value PDF
Author: R. Jay Wallace
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Release: 2004
ISBN: 0199261881
Size: 42.20 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 429
View: 2499

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Reason And Value

by R. Jay Wallace, Reason And Value Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reason And Value books, Reason and Value collects 15 new papers by leading contemporary philosophers on themes from the work of Joseph Raz. Raz has made major contributions in a wide range of areas, including jurisprudence, political philosophy, and the theory of practical reason; but all of his work displays a deep engagement with central themes in moral philosophy. The subtlety and power of Raz's reflections on ethical topics make his writings a fertile source for anyone working in this area. Especially significant are his explorations of the connections between practical reason and the theory of value, which constitute a sustained and penetrating treatment of a set of issues at the very center of moral philosophy as it is practiced today. The contributors to the volume acknowledge the importance of Raz's contributions by engaging critically with his positions and offering independent perspectives on the topics that he has addressed. The volume aims both to honour Raz's accomplishments in thearea of ethical theorizing, and to contribute to an enhanced appreciation of the significance of his work for the subject. Contributors: Michael E. Bratman, John Broome, Ruth Chang, Jonathan Dancy, Harry Frankfurt, Ulrike Heuer, Philip Pettit, Peter Railton, Donald H. Regan, T. M. Scanlon, Samuel Scheffler, Seana Valentine Shiffrin, Michael Smith, Michael Stocker, Michael Thompson, R. Jay Wallace.



Reason And Emotion In International Ethics

Reason and Emotion in International Ethics PDF
Author: Renée Jeffery
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release: 2014-06-12
ISBN: 1139992554
Size: 79.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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Reason And Emotion In International Ethics

by Renée Jeffery, Reason And Emotion In International Ethics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reason And Emotion In International Ethics books, The study of international ethics is marked by an overwhelming bias towards reasoned reflection at the expense of emotionally driven moral deliberation. For rationalist cosmopolitans in particular, reason alone provides the means by which we can arrive at the truly impartial moral judgments a cosmopolitan ethic demands. However, are the emotions as irrational, selfish and partial as most rationalist cosmopolitans would have us believe? By re-examining the central claims of the eighteenth-century moral sentiment theorists in light of cutting-edge discoveries in the fields of neuroscience and psychology, Renée Jeffery argues that the dominance of rationalism and marginalisation of emotions from theories of global ethics cannot be justified. In its place she develops a sentimentalist cosmopolitan ethic that does not simply provide a framework for identifying injustices and prescribing how we ought to respond to them, but which actually motivates action in response to international injustices such as global poverty.



A Non Instrumentalist Approach To Collective Intentionality Practical Reason And The Self

A Non instrumentalist Approach to Collective Intentionality  Practical Reason  and the Self PDF
Author: Juliette Gloor
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
Release: 2014
ISBN: 3847102273
Size: 43.95 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS
Languages : en
Pages : 255
View: 812

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A Non Instrumentalist Approach To Collective Intentionality Practical Reason And The Self

by Juliette Gloor, A Non Instrumentalist Approach To Collective Intentionality Practical Reason And The Self Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Non Instrumentalist Approach To Collective Intentionality Practical Reason And The Self books, English summary: Taking into account the relevant and mostly contemporary ango-american debates concering collective intentionality, the author eximanes what it means to share reasons and other intentional states such as thoughts and emotions. The guiding question of the dissertation is in what way and to what extent morality and therefore self-consciousness can be understood as conditions of possibility for the sharing of mental states, especially reasons. The dissertation is a contribution mainly to fields of research in practical philosophy (normative ethics and moral psychology) and in social philosophy (collective intentionality analysis) and rational choice theory. German description: Juliette Gloors Monographie fragt aus hauptsachlich analytischer Perspektive und unter spezieller Berucksichtigung der einschlagigen anglo-amerikanischen Debatten, was es bedeutet, Grunde und andere intentionale Einstellungen zu teilen. Die Leitfrage der Untersuchung lautet, inwiefern Moral und damit Selbstbewusstsein als Bedingungen der Moglichkeit solchen Teilens begriffen werden konnen. Die Dissertation ist ein Beitrag zur Forschung innerhalb des Gebiets der Praktischen Philosophie (insbesondere der normativen Ethik) und der Sozialphilosophie (speziell im Bereich der Kollektiven Intentionalitat).



Actions Reasons And Reason

Actions  Reasons and Reason PDF
Author: Marco Iorio
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release: 2015-07-31
ISBN: 3110346303
Size: 45.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 190
View: 6876

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Actions Reasons And Reason

by Marco Iorio, Actions Reasons And Reason Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Actions Reasons And Reason books, Through the whole history of mankind philosophers have taken pride in being reasonable agents. During the last decades Rüdiger Bittner, one of the internationally best renown german philosophers and winner of the Gottlob Frege award 2011, has developed a surprisingly different picture: We are much more part than master of the universe. The articles in the volume address this challenging view, illuminating and discussing it from various angles of practical philosophy including the aesthetics of film and theatre. Authors: Ansgar Beckermann (Bielefeld), Rüdiger Bittner (Bielefeld), Raymond Geuss (Cambridge), Martina Herrmann (Dortmund), Marco Iorio (Potsdam), Susanne Kaul (Bielefeld), Jens Kulenkampff (Erlangen), Hajo Kurzenberger (Hildesheim), Kirsten Meyer (Berlin), Onora O'Neill (Cambridge), Ralf Stoecker (Bielefeld), Jay Wallace (Berkeley).



Rules Reason And Self Knowledge

Rules  Reason  and Self Knowledge PDF
Author: Julia Tanney
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release: 2013-01-08
ISBN: 0674071727
Size: 38.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 378
View: 2039

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Rules Reason And Self Knowledge

by Julia Tanney, Rules Reason And Self Knowledge Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rules Reason And Self Knowledge books, Tanney challenges not only the cognitivist approach that has dominated philosophy and the special sciences for fifty years, but metaphysical-empirical approaches to the mind in general. Rules, Reason, and Self-Knowledge advocates a return to the world-involving, circumstance-dependent, normative practices where the rational mind has its home.



Desire Practical Reason And The Good

Desire  Practical Reason  and the Good PDF
Author: Sergio Tenenbaum
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release: 2010
ISBN: 0195382447
Size: 14.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 251
View: 2307

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Desire Practical Reason And The Good

by Sergio Tenenbaum, Desire Practical Reason And The Good Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Desire Practical Reason And The Good books, The "Guise of the Good" thesis - the view that desire, intention, or action) always aims at the good - has received renewed attention in the last twenty years. The book brings together work on various issues related to this thesis both from contemporary and historical perspectives.



Desire

Desire PDF
Author: G. F. Schueler
Publisher: MIT Press
Release: 1995
ISBN: 9780262193559
Size: 63.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 223
View: 5858

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Desire

by G. F. Schueler, Desire Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Desire books, Does action always arise out of desire? G.F. Schueler examines this hotly debated topic in philosophy of action and moral philosophy, arguing that once two senses of "desire" are distinguished -- roughly, genuine desires and pro attitudes -- apparently plausible explanations of action in terms of the agent's desires can be seen to be mistaken. Desire probes a fundamental issue in philosophy of mind, the nature of desires and how, if at all, they motivate and justify our actions. At least since Hume argued that reason "is and of right ought to be the slave of the passions," many philosophers have held that desires play an essential role both in practical reason and in the explanation of intentional action. G.F. Schueler looks at contemporary accounts of both roles in various belief-desire models of reasons and explanation and argues that the usual belief-desire accounts need to be replaced. Schueler contends that the plausibility of the standard belief-desire accounts rests largely on a failure to distinguish "desires proper," like a craving for sushi, from so-called "pro attitudes," which may take the form of beliefs and other cognitive states as well as desires proper. Schueler's "deliberative model" of practical reasoning suggests a different view of the place of desire in practical reason and the explanation of action. He holds that we can arrive at an intention to act by weighing the relevant considerations and that these may not include desires proper at all. A Bradford Book



Enzyklop Die Philosophie Und Wissenschaftstheorie

Enzyklop  die Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie PDF
Author: Jürgen Mittelstraß
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Release: 2016-08-18
ISBN: 3476001342
Size: 78.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 601
View: 4859

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Enzyklop Die Philosophie Und Wissenschaftstheorie

by Jürgen Mittelstraß, Enzyklop Die Philosophie Und Wissenschaftstheorie Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Enzyklop Die Philosophie Und Wissenschaftstheorie books, Die Enzyklopädie Philosophie- und Wissenschaftstheorie, das größte allgemeine Nachschlagewerk zur Philosophie im deutschsprachigen Raum, erscheint in einer aktualisierten und erweiterten kompletten Neuauflage. Sie umfasst in Sach- und Personenartikeln nicht nur den klassischen Bestand des philosophischen Wissens, sondern auch die neuere Entwicklung der Philosophie, insbesondere in den Bereichen Logik, Erkenntnis- und Wissenschaftstheorie sowie Sprachphilosophie. Ausführlich berücksichtigt sind auch Grundlagenreflexionen in den Wissenschaften und deren Geschichte. Zu den ca. 400 neu aufgenommenen Artikeln gehören z.B. Bioethik, Chaostheorie, Dekonstruktivismus, angewandte Ethik, Fundamentalismus, Genetik, Intelligenz und Komplexitätstheorie sowie zahlreiche Personenartikel. Die umfassenden Bibliografien und vollständigen Werkverzeichnisse wurden bei allen Artikeln auf den neuesten Stand gebracht.