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Perspectives On Semantic Roles

Perspectives on Semantic Roles PDF
Author: Silvia Luraghi
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Release: 2014-08-15
ISBN: 9027269858
Size: 58.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 6336

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Perspectives On Semantic Roles

by Silvia Luraghi, Perspectives On Semantic Roles Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Perspectives On Semantic Roles books, Semantic roles have continued to intrigue linguists for more than four decades now, starting with determining their kind and number, with their morphological expression, and with their interaction with argument structure and syntax. The focus in this volume is on typological and historical issues. The papers focus on the cross-linguistic identification of semantic-role equivalents, on the regularity of, and exceptions concerning change and grammaticalization in semantic roles, the variation of encoding the roles of direction and experiencer in specific languages, presenting evidence for identifying a new semantic role of speech addressee in Caucasian languages, on semantic roles in word formation, and finally a cross-linguistic comparison of the functions and the grammaticalization of the ethical dative in some Indo-European languages. The book will be of interest to anyone involved with case and semantic roles, with the syntax-semantics interface, and with semantic change and grammaticalization.



Perspectives On Semantic Roles

Perspectives on Semantic Roles PDF
Author: Silvia Luraghi
Publisher:
Release: 2014-08-19
ISBN: 9789027206879
Size: 33.36 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 874

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Perspectives On Semantic Roles

by Silvia Luraghi, Perspectives On Semantic Roles Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Perspectives On Semantic Roles books, Semantic roles have continued to intrigue linguists for more than four decades now, starting with determining their kind and number, with their morphological expression, and with their interaction with argument structure and syntax. The focus in this volume is on typological and historical issues. The papers focus on the cross-linguistic identification of semantic-role equivalents, on the regularity of, and exceptions concerning change and grammaticalization in semantic roles, the variation of encoding the roles of direction and experiencer in specific languages, presenting evidence for identifying a new semantic role of speech addressee in Caucasian languages, on semantic roles in word formation, and finally a cross-linguistic comparison of the functions and the grammaticalization of the ethical dative in some Indo-European languages. The book will be of interest to anyone involved with case and semantic roles, with the syntax-semantics interface, and with semantic change and grammaticalization.



Semantic Role Universals And Argument Linking

Semantic Role Universals and Argument Linking PDF
Author: Ina Bornkessel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release: 2006-01-01
ISBN: 3110219271
Size: 54.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 371
View: 2028

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Semantic Role Universals And Argument Linking

by Ina Bornkessel, Semantic Role Universals And Argument Linking Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Semantic Role Universals And Argument Linking books, The concept of semantic roles has been central to linguistic theory for many decades. More specifically, the assumption of such representations as mediators in the correspondence between a linguistic form and its associated meaning has helped to address a number of critical issues related to grammatical phenomena. Furthermore, in addition to featuring in all major theories of grammar, semantic (or 'thematic') roles have been referred to extensively within a wide range of other linguistic subdisciplines, including language typology and psycho-/neurolinguistics. This volume brings together insights from these different perspectives and thereby, for the first time, seeks to build upon the obvious potential for cross-fertilisation between hitherto autonomous approaches to a common theme. To this end, a view on semantic roles is adopted that goes beyond the mere assumption of generalised roles, but also focuses on their hierarchical organisation. The book is thus centred around the interdisciplinary examination of how these hierarchical dependencies subserve argument linking - both in terms of linguistic theory and with respect to real-time language processing - and how they interact with other information types in this process. Furthermore, the contributions examine the interaction between the role hierarchy and the conceptual content of (generalised) semantic roles and investigate their cross-linguistic applicability and psychological reality, as well as their explanatory potential in accounting for phenomena in the domain of language disorders. In bridging the gap between different disciplines, the book provides a valuable overview of current thought on semantic roles and argument linking, and may further serve as a point of departure for future interdisciplinary research in this area. As such, it will be of interest to scientists and advanced students in all domains of linguistics and cognitive science.



Advances In Research On Semantic Roles

Advances in Research on Semantic Roles PDF
Author: Seppo Kittilä
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Release: 2016-06-29
ISBN: 9027266794
Size: 12.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 219
View: 3701

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Advances In Research On Semantic Roles

by Seppo Kittilä, Advances In Research On Semantic Roles Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Advances In Research On Semantic Roles books, Especially in functional-typological linguistics, semantic roles have been studied thoroughly, because they constitute a good starting point for any study on argument marking due to their semantically defined nature. However, the very concept of semantic roles is far from being without problems, and there is still no consensus on how the roles are best defined. In this volume, the notion will be discussed from novel perspectives with the aim of providing new insights into our understanding of semantic roles. Two of the papers deal with semantic role clusters, one with semantic roles in verbless constructions, one with diachrony of semantic roles and two with individual semantic roles that have not been studied in too much detail in previous studies. The book may not offer answers to all questions the readers may have, but at least it raises interesting further questions relevant to arriving at a better understanding of semantic roles. Originally published in Studies in Language Vol. 38:3 (2014).



Grammatical Relations

Grammatical Relations PDF
Author: Franz Müller-Gotama
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release: 1994-01-01
ISBN: 3110887339
Size: 22.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 181
View: 2369

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Grammatical Relations

by Franz Müller-Gotama, Grammatical Relations Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Grammatical Relations books, The series is a platform for contributions of all kinds to this rapidly developing field. General problems are studied from the perspective of individual languages, language families, language groups, or language samples. Conclusions are the result of a deepened study of empirical data. Special emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose analysis may shed new light on long-standing problems in general linguistics.



Crosslinguistic Perspectives On Argument Structure

Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure PDF
Author: Melissa Bowerman
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release: 2008
ISBN: 0805841946
Size: 56.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 370
View: 7542

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Crosslinguistic Perspectives On Argument Structure

by Melissa Bowerman, Crosslinguistic Perspectives On Argument Structure Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Crosslinguistic Perspectives On Argument Structure books, Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure: Implications for Learnability offers a unique interdisciplinary perspective on argument structure and its role in language acquisition. Much contemporary work in linguistics and psychology assumes that argument structure is strongly constrained by a set of universal principles, and that these principles are innate, providing children with certain “bootstrapping” strategies that help them home in on basic aspects of the syntax and lexicon of their language. Drawing on a broad range of crosslinguistic data, this volume shows that languages are much more diverse in their argument structure properties than has been realized. This diversity raises challenges for many existing proposals about language acquisition, affects the range of solutions that can be considered plausible, and highlights new acquisition puzzles that until now have passed unnoticed. The volume is the outcome of an integrated research project and comprises chapters by both specialists in first language acquisition and field linguists working on a variety of lesser-known languages. The research draws on original fieldwork and on adult data, child data, or both from seventeen languages from eleven different language families. Some chapters offer typological perspectives, examining the basic structures of a given language with language-learnability issues in mind. Other chapters investigate specific problems of language acquisition in one or more languages. Taken as a whole, the volume illustrates how detailed work on crosslinguistic variation is critical to the development of insightful theories of language acquisition. Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure integrates important contemporary issues in linguistics and language acquisition. With its rich crosslinguistic base and the innovative empirical methods it showcases for studying the role of argument structure in language acquisition, it will be of great interest to linguists and language acquisition specialists alike, as well as to upper-level students in linguistics and psychology in the United States and abroad.



Lexical Perspectives On Transitivity And Ergativity

Lexical Perspectives on Transitivity and Ergativity PDF
Author: Maarten Lemmens
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Release: 1998-10-15
ISBN: 9027275661
Size: 59.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 268
View: 4455

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Lexical Perspectives On Transitivity And Ergativity

by Maarten Lemmens, Lexical Perspectives On Transitivity And Ergativity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Lexical Perspectives On Transitivity And Ergativity books, Fusing insights from cognitive grammar, systemic-functional grammar and Government & Binding, the present work elaborates and refines Davidse’s view that the English grammar of lexical causatives is governed by the transitive and ergative paradigms, two distinct models of causation (Davidse 1991, 1992). However, on the basis of extensive synchronic and diachronic data on verbs of killing (e.g. kill, execute, choke or drown), it is shown that ‘transitivity’ and ‘ergativity’ are not absolute but prototypical characteristics of verbs which may be overruled by the semantics of the construal in which they occur. The variable transitive or ergative character of the verbs reveals the complex interaction between the semantics of the construction and that of the verb. The diachronic analyses further illustrate how in the course of time verbs may change their paradigmatic properties, either temporarily (e.g. the ergativization of strangle, throttle and smother) or permanently (e.g. the ‘causativization’ of starve or the partial transitivization of abort). The analyses show that these changes are semantically well-motivated and further illustrate the cognitive reality of the two causative models. The work explores the experiential basis of the prototypical paradigmatic behaviour of verbs (e.g. the ergative predilection of the SUFFOCATE verbs). In addition, it attempts to shed more light on the semantics and restrictions of certain constructions, such as the medio-passive, the derivation of adjectives in –able, or the derivation of agentive nominals in –er.



Perspectives On Semantics Pragmatics And Discourse

Perspectives on Semantics  Pragmatics  and Discourse PDF
Author: István Kenesei
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Release: 2001-07-09
ISBN: 9027298092
Size: 19.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 1706

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Perspectives On Semantics Pragmatics And Discourse

by István Kenesei, Perspectives On Semantics Pragmatics And Discourse Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Perspectives On Semantics Pragmatics And Discourse books, Professor Ferenc Kiefer of the Linguistics Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences was instrumental in bringing early transformational grammar to Europe. His extensive work contributes substantially to making a connection between the grammatical theory and other areas of linguistics. The 17 essays in this book celebrate his career by continuing to explore inter-area research in linguistics: pragmatics in grammar (de Groot, van Riemsdijk, Dressler & Barbaresi, Comrie), semantic compositionality and pragmatics (Wunderlich, Partee, Borschev, Szabo, Bach), logical structures and universals in semantics and pragmatics (van der Auwera, Bultinck, Burton-Roberts, Harnish, Wierzbicka) dialogue and thematic structure (Jonasson, Doherty, Hajicova, Panevova, Sgall, Allwood, Fraser).



Topic And Focus

Topic and Focus PDF
Author: Chungmin Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2006-12-18
ISBN: 1402047967
Size: 55.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 294
View: 4993

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Topic And Focus

by Chungmin Lee, Topic And Focus Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Topic And Focus books, During the 2001 Linguistic Summer Institute at University of California, Santa Barbara, a group of linguists gathered at a workshop to discuss the expression and role of topicalization and focus from a variety of perspectives: phonetic, phonological, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic. The workshop was designed to lay the groundwork for collaborative efforts between linguists devoted to the study of meaning and linguists engaged in the quantitative study of intonation. This volume contains papers emerging from the Santa Barbara Workshop on Topic and Focus. A wide variety of methodologies and research interests related to topic and focus are represented in the papers. Some works present results of phonetic studies, either acoustic or perceptual, on the expression of topic and/or focus; others examine semantic or pragmatic features of topic and/or focus, while others are concerned with the interface between intonation and meaning. Data from several different languages are represented in the papers, including several languages with relatively little documentation particularly in the venue of topic and focus, e. g. Basque, Chickasaw, Indonesian, Polish, Taiwanese. The broad sample of languages coupled with the wide variety of research topics addressed by the papers promise to enrich our typological understanding of topic and focus phenomena and provide an impetus for further research. The following paragraphs offer brief summaries of the papers contained in this volume: Gorka Elordieta’s paper describes prosodic conditions governing focus in a dialect of Basque with pitch accents.



World Lexicon Of Grammaticalization

World Lexicon of Grammaticalization PDF
Author: Tania Kuteva
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release: 2019-08-31
ISBN: 1107136245
Size: 53.79 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 450
View: 4460

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World Lexicon Of Grammaticalization

by Tania Kuteva, World Lexicon Of Grammaticalization Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download World Lexicon Of Grammaticalization books, Based on analysis of more than 1,000 languages, this volume reconstructs more than 500 processes of grammatical change in the languages of the world.