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Perspectives On Semantic Roles

Perspectives on Semantic Roles PDF
Author: Silvia Luraghi
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Release: 2014-08-15
ISBN: 9027269858
Size: 27.22 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 336
View: 1760

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Perspectives On Semantic Roles

by Silvia Luraghi, Perspectives On Semantic Roles Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Perspectives On Semantic Roles books, Semantic roles have continued to intrigue linguists for more than four decades now, starting with determining their kind and number, with their morphological expression, and with their interaction with argument structure and syntax. The focus in this volume is on typological and historical issues. The papers focus on the cross-linguistic identification of semantic-role equivalents, on the regularity of, and exceptions concerning change and grammaticalization in semantic roles, the variation of encoding the roles of direction and experiencer in specific languages, presenting evidence for identifying a new semantic role of speech addressee in Caucasian languages, on semantic roles in word formation, and finally a cross-linguistic comparison of the functions and the grammaticalization of the ethical dative in some Indo-European languages. The book will be of interest to anyone involved with case and semantic roles, with the syntax-semantics interface, and with semantic change and grammaticalization.



Perspectives On Semantic Roles

Perspectives on Semantic Roles PDF
Author: Silvia Luraghi
Publisher:
Release: 2014-08-19
ISBN: 9789027206879
Size: 37.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 336
View: 186

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Perspectives On Semantic Roles

by Silvia Luraghi, Perspectives On Semantic Roles Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Perspectives On Semantic Roles books, Semantic roles have continued to intrigue linguists for more than four decades now, starting with determining their kind and number, with their morphological expression, and with their interaction with argument structure and syntax. The focus in this volume is on typological and historical issues. The papers focus on the cross-linguistic identification of semantic-role equivalents, on the regularity of, and exceptions concerning change and grammaticalization in semantic roles, the variation of encoding the roles of direction and experiencer in specific languages, presenting evidence for identifying a new semantic role of speech addressee in Caucasian languages, on semantic roles in word formation, and finally a cross-linguistic comparison of the functions and the grammaticalization of the ethical dative in some Indo-European languages. The book will be of interest to anyone involved with case and semantic roles, with the syntax-semantics interface, and with semantic change and grammaticalization.



Semantic Role Universals And Argument Linking

Semantic Role Universals and Argument Linking PDF
Author: Ina Bornkessel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release: 2006-01-01
ISBN: 3110219271
Size: 51.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 371
View: 4892

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Semantic Role Universals And Argument Linking

by Ina Bornkessel, Semantic Role Universals And Argument Linking Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Semantic Role Universals And Argument Linking books, The concept of semantic roles has been central to linguistic theory for many decades. More specifically, the assumption of such representations as mediators in the correspondence between a linguistic form and its associated meaning has helped to address a number of critical issues related to grammatical phenomena. Furthermore, in addition to featuring in all major theories of grammar, semantic (or 'thematic') roles have been referred to extensively within a wide range of other linguistic subdisciplines, including language typology and psycho-/neurolinguistics. This volume brings together insights from these different perspectives and thereby, for the first time, seeks to build upon the obvious potential for cross-fertilisation between hitherto autonomous approaches to a common theme. To this end, a view on semantic roles is adopted that goes beyond the mere assumption of generalised roles, but also focuses on their hierarchical organisation. The book is thus centred around the interdisciplinary examination of how these hierarchical dependencies subserve argument linking - both in terms of linguistic theory and with respect to real-time language processing - and how they interact with other information types in this process. Furthermore, the contributions examine the interaction between the role hierarchy and the conceptual content of (generalised) semantic roles and investigate their cross-linguistic applicability and psychological reality, as well as their explanatory potential in accounting for phenomena in the domain of language disorders. In bridging the gap between different disciplines, the book provides a valuable overview of current thought on semantic roles and argument linking, and may further serve as a point of departure for future interdisciplinary research in this area. As such, it will be of interest to scientists and advanced students in all domains of linguistics and cognitive science.



Grammatical Relations

Grammatical Relations PDF
Author: Franz Müller-Gotama
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release: 1994-01-01
ISBN: 3110887339
Size: 63.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 181
View: 2764

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Grammatical Relations

by Franz Müller-Gotama, Grammatical Relations Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Grammatical Relations books, The series is a platform for contributions of all kinds to this rapidly developing field. General problems are studied from the perspective of individual languages, language families, language groups, or language samples. Conclusions are the result of a deepened study of empirical data. Special emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose analysis may shed new light on long-standing problems in general linguistics.



Crosslinguistic Perspectives On Argument Structure

Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure PDF
Author: Melissa Bowerman
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release: 2008
ISBN: 0805841946
Size: 75.32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 370
View: 6986

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Crosslinguistic Perspectives On Argument Structure

by Melissa Bowerman, Crosslinguistic Perspectives On Argument Structure Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Crosslinguistic Perspectives On Argument Structure books, Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure: Implications for Learnability offers a unique interdisciplinary perspective on argument structure and its role in language acquisition. Much contemporary work in linguistics and psychology assumes that argument structure is strongly constrained by a set of universal principles, and that these principles are innate, providing children with certain “bootstrapping” strategies that help them home in on basic aspects of the syntax and lexicon of their language. Drawing on a broad range of crosslinguistic data, this volume shows that languages are much more diverse in their argument structure properties than has been realized. This diversity raises challenges for many existing proposals about language acquisition, affects the range of solutions that can be considered plausible, and highlights new acquisition puzzles that until now have passed unnoticed. The volume is the outcome of an integrated research project and comprises chapters by both specialists in first language acquisition and field linguists working on a variety of lesser-known languages. The research draws on original fieldwork and on adult data, child data, or both from seventeen languages from eleven different language families. Some chapters offer typological perspectives, examining the basic structures of a given language with language-learnability issues in mind. Other chapters investigate specific problems of language acquisition in one or more languages. Taken as a whole, the volume illustrates how detailed work on crosslinguistic variation is critical to the development of insightful theories of language acquisition. Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure integrates important contemporary issues in linguistics and language acquisition. With its rich crosslinguistic base and the innovative empirical methods it showcases for studying the role of argument structure in language acquisition, it will be of great interest to linguists and language acquisition specialists alike, as well as to upper-level students in linguistics and psychology in the United States and abroad.



Semantic Role Labeling

Semantic Role Labeling PDF
Author: Martha Palmer
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release: 2011-02-02
ISBN: 1598298321
Size: 55.82 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Computers
Languages : un
Pages : 103
View: 6436

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Semantic Role Labeling

by Martha Palmer, Semantic Role Labeling Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Semantic Role Labeling books, This book is aimed at providing an overview of several aspects of semantic role labeling. Chapter 1 begins with linguistic background on the definition of semantic roles and the controversies surrounding them. Chapter 2 describes how the theories have led to structured lexicons such as FrameNet, VerbNet and the PropBank Frame Files that in turn provide the basis for large scale semantic annotation of corpora. This data has facilitated the development of automatic semantic role labeling systems based on supervised machine learning techniques. Chapter 3 presents the general principles of applying both supervised and unsupervised machine learning to this task, with a description of the standard stages and feature choices, as well as giving details of several specific systems. Recent advances include the use of joint inference to take advantage of context sensitivities, and attempts to improve performance by closer integration of the syntactic parsing task with semantic role labeling. Chapter 3 also discusses the impact the granularity of the semantic roles has on system performance. Having outlined the basic approach with respect to English, Chapter 4 goes on to discuss applying the same techniques to other languages, using Chinese as the primary example. Although substantial training data is available for Chinese, this is not the case for many other languages, and techniques for projecting English role labels onto parallel corpora are also presented. Table of Contents: Preface / Semantic Roles / Available Lexical Resources / Machine Learning for Semantic Role Labeling / A Cross-Lingual Perspective / Summary



Perspectives On Sentence Processing

Perspectives on Sentence Processing PDF
Author: Charles Clifton, Jr.
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release: 2015-12-22
ISBN: 1317780582
Size: 19.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 504
View: 4148

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Perspectives On Sentence Processing

by Charles Clifton, Jr., Perspectives On Sentence Processing Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Perspectives On Sentence Processing books, One of the liveliest forums for sharing psychological, linguistic, philosophical, and computer science perspectives on psycholinguistics has been the annual meeting of the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference. Documenting the state of the art in several important approaches to sentence processing, this volume consists of selected papers that had been presented at the Sixth CUNY Conference. The editors not only present the main themes that ran through the conference but also honor the breadth of the presentations from disciplines including linguistics, experimental psychology, and computer science. The variety of sentence processing topics examined includes: * how evoked brain potentials reflect sentence comprehension * how auditory words are processed * how various sources of grammatical and nongrammatical information are coordinated and used * how sentence processing and language acquisition might be related. This distinctive volume not only presents the most exciting current work in sentence processing, but also places this research into the broader context of theorizing about it.



Perspectives On Linguistic Pragmatics

Perspectives on Linguistic Pragmatics PDF
Author: Alessandro Capone
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2013-11-26
ISBN: 331901014X
Size: 13.15 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : un
Pages : 543
View: 1749

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Perspectives On Linguistic Pragmatics

by Alessandro Capone, Perspectives On Linguistic Pragmatics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Perspectives On Linguistic Pragmatics books, This volume provides insight into linguistic pragmatics from the perspective of linguists who have been influenced by philosophy. Theory of Mind and perspectives on point of view are presented along with other topics including: semantics vs. semiotics, clinical pragmatics, explicatures, cancellability of explicatures, interactive language use, reference, common ground, presupposition, definiteness, logophoricity and point of view in connection with pragmatic inference, pragmemes and language games, pragmatics and artificial languages, the mechanism of the form/content correlation from a pragmatic point of view, amongst other issues relating to language use. Relevance Theory is introduced as an important framework, allowing readers to familiarize themselves with technical details and linguistic terminology. This book follows on from the first volume: both contain the work of world renowned experts who discuss theories relevant to pragmatics. Here, the relationship between semantics and pragmatics is explored: conversational explicatures are a way to bridge the gap in semantics between underdetermined logical forms and full propositional content. These volumes are written in an accessible way and work well both as a stimulus to further research and as a guide to less experienced researchers and students who would like to know more about this vast, complex, and difficult field of inquiry.



Perspectives On Coherentism

Perspectives on Coherentism PDF
Author: Yves Bouchard
Publisher: Aylmer, Québec : Éditions du Scribe
Release: 2002
ISBN:
Size: 41.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Cognitive science
Languages : en
Pages : 187
View: 5887

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Perspectives On Coherentism

by Yves Bouchard, Perspectives On Coherentism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Perspectives On Coherentism books,



Topic And Focus

Topic and Focus PDF
Author: Chungmin Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2006-12-18
ISBN: 1402047967
Size: 15.95 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 294
View: 5956

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Topic And Focus

by Chungmin Lee, Topic And Focus Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Topic And Focus books, During the 2001 Linguistic Summer Institute at University of California, Santa Barbara, a group of linguists gathered at a workshop to discuss the expression and role of topicalization and focus from a variety of perspectives: phonetic, phonological, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic. The workshop was designed to lay the groundwork for collaborative efforts between linguists devoted to the study of meaning and linguists engaged in the quantitative study of intonation. This volume contains papers emerging from the Santa Barbara Workshop on Topic and Focus. A wide variety of methodologies and research interests related to topic and focus are represented in the papers. Some works present results of phonetic studies, either acoustic or perceptual, on the expression of topic and/or focus; others examine semantic or pragmatic features of topic and/or focus, while others are concerned with the interface between intonation and meaning. Data from several different languages are represented in the papers, including several languages with relatively little documentation particularly in the venue of topic and focus, e. g. Basque, Chickasaw, Indonesian, Polish, Taiwanese. The broad sample of languages coupled with the wide variety of research topics addressed by the papers promise to enrich our typological understanding of topic and focus phenomena and provide an impetus for further research. The following paragraphs offer brief summaries of the papers contained in this volume: Gorka Elordieta’s paper describes prosodic conditions governing focus in a dialect of Basque with pitch accents.