Knowledge Networks And Craft Traditions In The Ancient World

Knowledge Networks and Craft Traditions in the Ancient World PDF
Author: Katharina Rebay-Salisbury
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135014450
Size: 36.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 214
View: 4618

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This edited volume investigates knowledge networks based on materials and associated technologies in Prehistoric Europe and the Classical Mediterranean. It emphasises the significance of material objects to the construction, maintenance, and collapse of networks of various forms – which are central to explanations of cultural contact and change. Focusing on the materiality of objects and on the way in which materials are used adds a multidimensional quality to networks. The properties, functions, and styles of different materials are intrinsically linked to the way in which knowledge flows and technologies are transmitted. Transmission of technologies from one craft to another is one of the main drivers of innovation, whilst sharing knowledge is enabled and limited by the extent of associated social networks in place. Archaeological research has often been limited to studying objects made of one particular material in depth, be it lithic materials, ceramics, textiles, glass, metal, wood or others. The knowledge flow and transfer between crafts that deal with different materials have often been overlooked. This book takes a fresh approach to the reconstruction of knowledge networks by integrating two or more craft traditions in each of its chapters. The authors, well-known experts and early career researchers, provide concise case studies that cover a wide range of materials. The scope of the book extends from networks of craft traditions to implications for society in a wider sense: materials, objects, and the technologies used to make and distribute them are interwoven with social meaning. People make objects, but objects make people – the materiality of objects shapes our understanding of the world and our place within it. In this book, objects are treated as clues to social networks of different sorts that can be contrasted and compared, both spatially and diachronically.

Knowledge Networks And Craft Traditions In The Ancient World

Knowledge Networks and Craft Traditions in the Ancient World PDF
Author: Katharina Rebay-Salisbury
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781135014438
Size: 36.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Europe
Languages : en
Pages : 214
View: 3879

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This edited volume investigates knowledge networks based on materials and associated technologies in Prehistoric Europe and the Classical Mediterranean. It emphasises the significance of material objects to the construction, maintenance, and collapse of networks of various forms - which are central to explanations of cultural contact and change. Focusing on the materiality of objects and on the way in which materials are used adds a multidimensional quality to networks. The properties, functions, and styles of different materials are intrinsically linked to the way in which knowledge flows and technologies are transmitted. Transmission of technologies from one craft to another is one of the main drivers of innovation, whilst sharing knowledge is enabled and limited by the extent of associated social networks in place. Archaeological research has often been limited to studying objects made of one particular material in depth, be it lithic materials, ceramics, textiles, glass, metal, wood or others. The knowledge flow and transfer between crafts that deal with different materials have often been overlooked. This book takes a fresh approach to the reconstruction of knowledge networks by integrating two or more craft traditions in each of its chapters. The authors, well-known experts and early career researchers, provide concise case studies that cover a wide range of materials. The scope of the book extends from networks of craft traditions to implications for society in a wider sense: materials, objects, and the technologies used to make and distribute them are interwoven with social meaning. People make objects, but objects make people - the materiality of objects shapes our understanding of the world and our place within it. In this book, objects are treated as clues to social networks of different sorts that can be contrasted and compared, both spatially and diachronically.

Unzeitgem E Techniken

Unzeitgem    e Techniken PDF
Author: Magdalena Bushart
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3412515507
Size: 20.93 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Art
Languages : de
Pages : 300
View: 1336

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Künstlerische Verfahren entstehen und verschwinden. Dieser historische Wandel gilt als wesentlicher Motor für eine Entwicklung der Künste. Nicht selten jedoch wird ein altes Wissen um frühere Herstellungsprozesse wiederentdeckt, bewusst reaktiviert und dadurch erneuert. Mit dem Interesse an unzeitgemäßen Techniken bilden sich historische Narrative heraus, die die Wahrnehmung und Deutung von Kunst beeinflussen. Ausgehend vom frühen Mittelalter bis in die Gegenwartskunst widmet sich dieser Band den technischen Anachronismen, durch die Traditionen gebildet, aber auch durchkreuzt werden.

Textile Products Consumers And Producers In The Hallstatt Culture

Textile products  consumers and producers in the Hallstatt Culture PDF
Author: Karina Grömer
Publisher: Gangemi Editore spa
ISBN: 8849243022
Size: 50.79 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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Published in Origini n. XL/2017. Rivista annuale del Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità – “Sapienza” Università di Roma | Preistoria e protostoria delle civiltà antiche – Prehistory and protohistory of ancient civilizations | This paper presents an overview of textile production in the Hallstatt Culture. “The people behind”, i.e. textile producers and consumers, can be studied using the evidence from the settlements where they lived and worked. Spindle whorls, loom weights and needles found in graves may also indicate that their owners were textile workers, but they also demonstrate their special status. Iconographic sources help us to envision the people involved not only in the production of textiles but also their consumption. Textiles and textile tools can give us a first indication of the level of production, starting from the household production during the Neolithic and Bronze Ages and culminating in the more specialised level of production in the Hallstatt Culture.

Textile Activity And Cultural Identity In Sicily Between The Late Bronze Age And Archaic Period

Textile Activity and Cultural Identity in Sicily Between the Late Bronze Age and Archaic Period PDF
Author: Gabriella Longhitano
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 178925602X
Size: 13.91 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 5599

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Clothing was an essential part of material culture in ancient societies both as a form of body protection and as house equipment. Besides a practical function, textiles played a crucial role in communicating various aspects of social and personal identity. Based largely on the analysis of textile tools, this book is intended to be the first systematic attempt at reconstructing textile culture in ancient Sicily. Textile implements represent the most abundant category of evidence for textile activity in Sicily and in this book they are used as a means to explore the social dynamics within cultural interactions in the final Bronze–Iron Age and Archaic Sicily. The book begins with an overview of the cultural complexity of communities in Sicily and the Aeolian islands, focusing on two crucial periods of Sicilian history, which are characterised by intense movements of peoples from the Italian peninsula and the establishment of Greek and Phoenician settlements. Through the investigation of textile tools, the book discusses several key aspects, including technological features of textile technology and production, knowledge transfer, networks of weavers, as well as the social significance of textile activity. By employing an interdisciplinary perspective, this book is important not only for textile specialists but also for scholars and students dealing with culturally hybrid frameworks of ancient Sicily and provides a springboard for future studies on textile culture and cultural interactions in the ancient world.

New Worlds From Old Texts

New Worlds from Old Texts PDF
Author: Stefan Bouzarovski
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199664137
Size: 41.51 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Greek literature
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 1884

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Maps dominate the modern sense of place and geography. Yet, so far as we can tell, maps were rare in the Greco-Roman world and, when mentioned in sources, are mistrusted and criticized. Today, technological advances have brought to the fore an entirely new set of methods for representing and interacting with space. In contrast to traditional "topographic" perspectives, the territorial extent of economic and political realms is increasingly conceived though a "topological" lens, in which the nature and frequency of links among different sites matter more than the physical distances between them. New Worlds from Old Texts focuses on the ancient Greek experience of space, conceived of in terms of both its literature and material culture remains, and uses this to reflect on modern thinking. Comprising twelve chapters written by a highly interdisciplinary range of contributors, this edited collection explores the rich array of representational devices employed by ancient authors, whose narrative depictions of spatial relations defy the logic of images and surfaces that dominates contemporary cartographic thought. The volume focuses on Herodotus' Histories--a text that is increasingly cited by Classicists as an example of how ancient perceptions of space may have been rather different to the modern cartographic view--but also considers perceptions of space through the lens of other authors, genres, cultural contexts, and disciplines. In doing so, it reveals how a study of the ancient world can be reinvigorated by, and in turn help to shape, modern technological innovation and methods.

Mediterranean Archaeologies Of Insularity In An Age Of Globalization

Mediterranean Archaeologies of Insularity in an Age of Globalization PDF
Author: Anna Kouremenos
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1789253470
Size: 11.35 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 905

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Recently, complex interpretations of socio-cultural change in the ancientMediterranean world have emerged that challenge earlier models. Influenced bytoday’s hyper-connected age, scholars no longer perceive the Mediterranean as astatic place where “Greco-Roman” culture was dominant, but rather see it as adynamic and connected sea where fragmentation and uncertainty, along with mobilityand networking, were the norm. Hence, a current theoretical approach to studyingancient culture has been that of globalization. Certain eras of Mediterranean history (e.g., the Roman empire) known for their increased connectivity have thus beenanalyzed from a globalized perspective that examines rhizomal networking, culturaldiversity, and multiple processes of social change. Archaeology has proven a usefuldiscipline for investigating ancient “globalization” because of its recent focus on howidentity is expressed through material culture negotiated between both local andglobal influences when levels of connectivity are altered. One form of identity that has been inadequately explored in relation to globalizationtheory is insularity. Insularity, or the socially recognized differences expressed bypeople living on islands, is a form of self-identification created within a particularspace and time. Insularity, as a unique social identity affected by “global” forces,should be viewed as an important research paradigm for archaeologies concerned with re-examining cultural change. The purpose of this volume is to explore how comparative archaeologies of insularitycan contribute to discourse on ancient Mediterranean “globalization.” The volume’s theme stems from a colloquium session that was chaired by the volume’s co-editors atthe Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America in January 2017. Given the current state of the field for globalization studies in Mediterranean archaeology,this volume aims to bring together for the first time archaeologists working ondifferent islands and a range of material culture types to examine diachronically how Mediterranean insularities changed during eras when connectivity increased, such asthe Late Bronze Age, the era of Greek and Phoenician colonization, the Classicalperiod, and during the High and Late Roman imperial eras. Each chapter aims tosituate a specific island or island group within the context of the globalizing forces and networks that conditioned a particular period, and utilizes archaeological material toreveal how islanders shaped their insular identities, or notions of insularity, at thenexus of local and global influences.

Women In Antiquity

Women in Antiquity PDF
Author: Stephanie Lynn Budin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317219902
Size: 22.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1074
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This volume gathers brand new essays from some of the most respected scholars of ancient history, archaeology, and physical anthropology to create an engaging overview of the lives of women in antiquity. The book is divided into ten sections, nine focusing on a particular area, and also includes almost 200 images, maps, and charts. The sections cover Mesopotamia, Egypt, Anatolia, Cyprus, the Levant, the Aegean, Italy, and Western Europe, and include many lesser-known cultures such as the Celts, Iberia, Carthage, the Black Sea region, and Scandinavia. Women's experiences are explored, from ordinary daily life to religious ritual and practice, to motherhood, childbirth, sex, and building a career. Forensic evidence is also treated for the actual bodies of ancient women. Women in Antiquity is edited by two experts in the field, and is an invaluable resource to students of the ancient world, gender studies, and women's roles throughout history.

Archaeology S Visual Culture

Archaeology   s Visual Culture PDF
Author: Roger Balm
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317377443
Size: 69.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 286
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Archaeology’s Visual Culture explores archaeology through the lens of visual culture theory. The insistent visuality of archaeology is a key stimulus for the imaginative and creative interpretation of our encounters with the past. Balm investigates the nature of this projection of the visual, revealing an embedded subjectivity in the imagery of archaeology and acknowledging the multiplicity of meanings that cohere around artifacts, archaeological sites and museum displays. Using a wide range of case studies, the book highlights how archaeologists can view objects and the consequences that ensue from these ways of seeing. Throughout the book Balm considers the potential for documentary images and visual material held in archives to perform cultural work within and between groups of specialists. With primary sources ranging from the mid-nineteenth to the early twenty-first century, this volume also maps the intellectual and social connections between archaeologists and their peers. Geographical settings include Britain, Cyprus, Mesoamerica, the Middle East and the United States, and the sites of visual encounter are no less diverse, ranging from excavation reports in salvage archaeology to instrumentally derived data-sets and remote-sensing imagery. By forensically examining selected visual records from published accounts and archival sources, enduring tropes of representation become apparent that transcend issues of style and reflect fundamental visual sensibilities within the discipline of archaeology.

Mycenaean Greece And The Aegean World

Mycenaean Greece and the Aegean World PDF
Author: Margaretha Kramer-Hajos
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107107547
Size: 28.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 7658

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Kramer-Hajos examines the Euboean Gulf region in Central Greece to explain its flourishing during the post-palatial period, focusing on the interactions between this 'provincial' coastal area and the core areas where the Mycenaean palaces were located.

Mobile Technologies In The Ancient Sahara And Beyond

Mobile Technologies in the Ancient Sahara and Beyond PDF
Author: C. N. Duckworth
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110890484X
Size: 66.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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The ancient Sahara has often been treated as a periphery or barrier, but this agenda-setting book – the final volume of the Trans-Saharan Archaeology Series – demonstrates that it was teeming with technological innovations, knowledge transfer, and trade from long before the Islamic period. In each chapter, expert authors present important syntheses, and new evidence for technologies from oasis farming and irrigation, animal husbandry and textile weaving, to pottery, glass and metal making by groups inhabiting the Sahara and contiguous zones. Scientific analysis is brought together with anthropology and archaeology. The resultant picture of transformations in technologies between the third millennium BC and the second millennium AD is rich and detailed, including analysis of the relationship between the different materials and techniques discussed, and demonstrating the significance of the Sahara both in its own right and in telling the stories of neighbouring regions.

The Tiny And The Fragmented

The Tiny and the Fragmented PDF
Author: S. Rebecca Martin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019061482X
Size: 53.68 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 5282

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Miniature and fragmentary objects are both eye-catching and yet easily dismissed. Tiny scale entices users with visions of Lilliputian worlds. The ambiguity of fragments intrigues us, offering tactile reminders of reality's transience. Yet, the standard scholarly approach to such objects has been to see them as secondary, incomplete things, whose principal purpose was to refer to a complete and often life-size whole. The Tiny and the Fragmented offers a series of fresh perspectives on the familiar concepts of the tiny and the fragmented. Written by a prestigious group of internationally-acclaimed scholars, the volume presents a remarkable diversity of case studies that range from Neolithic Europe to pre-Colombian Honduras to the classical Mediterranean and ancient Near East. Each scholar takes a different approach to issues of miniaturization and fragmentation but is united in considering the little and broken things of the past as objects in their own right. Whether a life-size or whole thing is made in a scaled-down form, deliberately broken as part of its use, or only considered successful in the eyes of ancient users if it shows some signs of wear, it challenges our expectations of representation and wholeness, of what it means for a work of art to be "finished" and "affective." Overall, The Tiny and the Fragmented demands a reconsideration of the social and contextual nature of miniaturization, fragmentation, and incompleteness, making the case that it was because of, rather than in spite of, their small or partial state that these objects were valued parts of the personal and social worlds they inhabited.

The Roman Retail Revolution

The Roman Retail Revolution PDF
Author: Steven J. R. Ellis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191082600
Size: 75.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
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Tabernae were ubiquitous in all Roman cities, lining the busiest streets and dominating their most crowded intersections in numbers far exceeding those of any other form of building. That they played a vital role in the operation of the city, and indeed in the very definition of urbanization in ancient Rome, is a point too often under-appreciated in Roman studies, and one which bears fruitful further exploration. The Roman Retail Revolution offers a thorough investigation into the social and economic worlds of the Roman shop, focusing on food and drink outlets in particular. Combining critical analysis of both archaeological material and textual sources, it challenges many of the conventional ideas about the place of retailing in the Roman city and unravels the historical development of tabernae to identify three major waves or revolutions in the shaping of retail landscapes. The volume is underpinned by two new and important bodies of evidence: the first generated from the University of Cincinnati's recent archaeological excavations into a Pompeian neighborhood of close to twenty shop-fronts, and the second resulting from a field-survey of the retail landscapes of more than a hundred cities from across the Roman world. The richness of this information, combined with the volume's interdisciplinary approach to the lives of the Roman sub-elite, results in a refreshingly original look at the history of retailing and urbanism in the Roman world.

New Directions And Paradigms For The Study Of Greek Architecture

New Directions and Paradigms for the Study of Greek Architecture PDF
Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900441665X
Size: 12.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 348
View: 4266

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New Directions and Paradigms for the Study of Greek Architecture collects chapters by nearly three dozen scholars who describe recent discoveries, new theoretical frameworks, and applications of cutting-edge techniques in their architectural research.