Merchants Companies And Trade

Merchants  Companies and Trade PDF
Author: Fondation Maison des sciences de l'homme (Paris, France)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521563674
Size: 39.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 330
View: 230

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Written by well-known scholars, this book throws new light, raises pertinent questions and takes up fresh perspectives on the growth and development of international trade between Europe and Asia, especially India, in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. Through a comparative and comprehensive study of merchant communities, markets and commodities the individual authors argue, contrary to conventional views, that Asian merchants were in no way inferior to Europeans in terms of their commercial operations and business acumen. The book emphasises the continuing and growing importance of India s overland trade, even in the seventeenth to eighteenth centuries, traces the little-known world of Armenian merchants, the hitherto obscure, but voluminous, Indian trade with the Ottoman Empire, and by unearthing new evidence, demonstrates that the export activity of Asian merchants through the overland route from Bengal was higher, in fact, than the combined total of European exports.

Merchant Colonies In The Early Modern Period

Merchant Colonies in the Early Modern Period PDF
Author: Victor N Zakharov
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317320522
Size: 10.57 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 2400

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Merchant colonies were a significant factor for economic growth in Europe during the early modern period. The essays in this collection look at merchant colonies across Europe, assessing their function, legal status, interaction with local traders and assimilation into their host countries.

From The Indian Ocean To The Mediterranean

From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean PDF
Author: Sebouh David Aslanian
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520282175
Size: 17.54 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 392
View: 991

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Drawing on a rich trove of documents, including correspondence not seen for 300 years, this study explores the emergence and growth of a remarkable global trade network operated by Armenian silk merchants from a small outpost in the Persian Empire. Based in New Julfa, Isfahan, in what is now Iran, these merchants operated a network of commercial settlements that stretched from London and Amsterdam to Manila and Acapulco. The New Julfan Armenians were the only Eurasian community that was able to operate simultaneously and successfully in all the major empires of the early modern world—both land-based Asian empires and the emerging sea-borne empires—astonishingly without the benefits of an imperial network and state that accompanied and facilitated European mercantile expansion during the same period. This book brings to light for the first time the trans-imperial cosmopolitan world of the New Julfans. Among other topics, it explores the effects of long distance trade on the organization of community life, the ethos of trust and cooperation that existed among merchants, and the importance of information networks and communication in the operation of early modern mercantile communities.

Diaspora Und Imperium

Diaspora und Imperium PDF
Author: Tamara Ganjalyan
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar
ISBN: 3412505722
Size: 25.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 248
View: 3146

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Wie standen diasporische Minderheiten und frühneuzeitliche multiethnische Imperien miteinander in Beziehung? Wie gestaltete sich das wechselseitige Austauschverhältnis zwischen den politischen Eliten des Imperiums und jenen sogenannten 'middleman minorities'? Anhand des Fallbeispiels der Armenier im Russländischen Reich wird untersucht, welche Rolle die Diaspora für die wirtschaftliche und territoriale Expansion des Imperiums spielte. Dabei steht der von armenischen Kaufleuten betriebene Orienthandel in bzw. durch russländisches Gebiet, die Teilhabe armenischer Kolonisten am Prozess der Landnahme und des Landesausbaus im Süden des Reiches sowie eine Analyse der soziodemographischen Charakteristika der armenischen Diaspora im vorrevolutionären Russland im Zentrum der Untersuchung.

India And The Islamic Heartlands

India and the Islamic Heartlands PDF
Author: Gagan D. S. Sood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316483371
Size: 26.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
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Based on the chance survival of a remarkable cache of documents, India and the Islamic Heartlands recaptures a vanished and forgotten world from the eighteenth century spanning much of today's Middle East and South Asia. Gagan D. S. Sood focuses on ordinary people - traders, pilgrims, bankers, clerics, brokers, and scribes, among others - who were engaged in activities marked by large distances and long silences. By elucidating their everyday lives in a range of settings, from the family household to the polity at large, Sood pieces together the connective tissue of a world that lay beyond the sovereign purview. Recapturing this obscured and neglected world helps us better understand the region during a pivotal moment in its history, and offers new answers to old questions concerning early modern Eurasia and its transition to colonialism.

Armenian Philology In The Modern Era

Armenian Philology in the Modern Era PDF
Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004270965
Size: 46.26 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 612
View: 900

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Armenian Philology in the Modern Era: From Manuscripts to the Digital Text provides an overview of the main achievements of philology when applied to Armenian sources and on the methodological approaches implemented in this field up to the present.

Maritime History As Global History

Maritime History as Global History PDF
Author: Maria Fusaro
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1786948923
Size: 36.65 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 282
View: 3124

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This study aims to provide new insights into the connections between maritime history and global history. It demonstrates the significance of maritime activity as a conduit of global exchange by examining local, national, and international interdependencies and trade networks, and a broad range of time periods, geographical areas, and various sub-divisions of maritime historical research. It is composed of ten essays, with an introductory chapter and concluding chapter. The first five essays discuss the effects globalisation on shipping in the early modern period; the following three discuss maritime transportation and the economics of industrialisation from the nineteenth century to the present day; the next discusses the impact of global entrepreneurialism on maritime history; the penultimate discusses the connections and variables between maritime and global history; and the concluding chapter examines the theoretical assumptions surrounding the two disciplines, using the globalisation of Early Modern Spain as a case study to do so. The study demonstrates that the core strength of maritime history is its essential place in global history, and that the process of globalisation began at sea.

Britain And The Islamic World 1558 1713

Britain and the Islamic World  1558 1713 PDF
Author: Gerald MacLean
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191619906
Size: 12.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 1997

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Before they had an empire in the East, the British travelled into the Islamic world to pursue trade and to form strategic alliances against the Catholic powers of France and Spain. First-hand encounters with Muslims, Jews, Greek Orthodox, and other religious communities living together under tolerant Islamic rule changed forever the way Britons thought about Islam, just as the goods they imported from Islamic countries changed forever the way they lived. Britain and the Islamic World tells the story of how, for a century and a half, merchants and diplomats travelled from Morocco to Istanbul, from Aleppo to Isfahan, and from Hormuz to Surat, and discovered a world that was more fascinating than fearful. Gerald MacLean and Nabil Matar examine the place of Islam and Muslims in English thought, and how British monarchs dealt with supremely powerful Muslim rulers. They document the importance of diplomatic and mercantile encounters, show how the writings of captives spread unreliable information about Islam and Muslims, and investigate observations by travellers and clergymen who reported meetings with Jews, eastern Christians, Armenians, and Shi'ites. They also trace how trade and the exchange of material goods with the Islamic world shaped how people in Britain lived their lives and thought about themselves.

The Ashgate Research Companion To Byzantine Hagiography

The Ashgate Research Companion to Byzantine Hagiography PDF
Author: Stephanos Efthymiadis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317043952
Size: 48.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 2774

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For an entire millennium, Byzantine hagiography, inspired by the veneration of many saints, exhibited literary dynamism and a capacity to vary its basic forms. The subgenres into which it branched out after its remarkable start in the fourth century underwent alternating phases of development and decline that were intertwined with changes in the political, social and literary spheres. The selection of saintly heroes, an interest in depicting social landscapes, and the modulation of linguistic and stylistic registers captured the voice of homo byzantinus down to the end of the empire in the fifteenth century. The seventeen chapters in this companion form the sequel to those in volume I which dealt with the periods and regions of Byzantine hagiography, and complete the first comprehensive survey ever produced in this field. The book is the work of an international group of experts in the field and is addressed to both a broader public and the scholarly community of Byzantinists, medievalists, historians of religion and theorists of narrative. It highlights the literary dimension and the research potential of a representative number of texts, not only those appreciated by the Byzantines themselves but those which modern readers rank high due to their literary quality or historical relevance.

Metalwork And Material Culture In The Islamic World

Metalwork and Material Culture in the Islamic World PDF
Author: Venetia Porter
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0857733435
Size: 77.83 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 544
View: 4006

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The material and visual culture of the Islamic World casts vast arcs through space and time, and encompasses a huge range of artefacts and monuments from the minute to the grandiose, from ceramic pots to the great mosques. Here, Venetia Porter and Mariam Rosser-Owen assemble leading experts in the field to examine both the objects themselves and the ways in which they reflect their historical, cultural and economic contexts. With a focus on metalwork, this volume includes an important new study of Mosul metalwork and presents recent discoveries in the fields of Fatimid, Mamluk and Qajar metalwork. By examining architecture, ceramics, ivories and textiles, seventeenth-century Iranian painting and contemporary art, the book explores a wide range of artistic production and historical periods from the Umayyad caliphate to the modern Middle East. This rich and detailed volume makes a significant contribution to the fields of Art History, Architecture and Islamic Studies, bringing new objects to light, and shedding new light on old objects.

Les Arm Niens Dans Le Commerce Asiatique Au D But De L Re Moderne

Les Arm  niens dans le commerce asiatique au d  but de l   re moderne PDF
Author: Sushil Chaudhury
Publisher: Les Editions de la MSH
ISBN: 2735112047
Size: 42.43 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 420
View: 5538

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La géographie a toujours prédisposés les Arméniens au commerce, ainsi font-ils partie de ces communautés marchandes bien établies, rencontrées sur les routes commerciales de l'Asie, au 16e-18e siècles...

Russia S Foreign Trade And Economic Expansion In The Seventeenth Century

Russia s Foreign Trade and Economic Expansion in the Seventeenth Century PDF
Author: J. T. Kotilaine
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900413896X
Size: 13.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 611
View: 7579

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This work is the first comprehensive assessment of Russia's foreign trade flows and economic growth in the seventeenth century. By demonstrating the growing openness of the economy, it reveals a key element in Russia's rise to great power status.