Health Disparities In The United States

Health Disparities in the United States PDF
Author: Donald A. Barr
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421414759
Size: 22.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 3855

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Explores how socioeconomic status, race and ethnicity interact with socioeconomic inequality to create and perpetuate health disparities.

Health Disparities In The United States

Health Disparities in the United States PDF
Author: Donald A. Barr
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
ISBN: 1421432587
Size: 34.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 376
View: 3042

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An essential text for courses in public health, health policy, and sociology, this compelling book is a vital teaching tool and a comprehensive reference for social science and medical professionals.

Culture And Health Disparities

Culture and Health Disparities PDF
Author: John G Bruhn
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319064622
Size: 51.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 83
View: 890

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The sister cities of the southwestern United States border are challenged by widespread environmental and health issues and limited access to help. And while different initiatives have been set up to improve health outcomes and lessen inequities in the border region, evaluation data are scarce. Culture and Health Disparities provides a perspective on U.S.-Mexico border health with an evidence-based guide for conceptualizing, implementing, and evaluating health interventions. Taking into account the unique qualities of border life and their influence on general wellbeing, this important volume offers detailed criteria for creating public health programs that are medically, culturally, and ethically sound. The book identifies gaps in intervention research on major health concerns in the area, relating them to disparity-reduction efforts in the rest of the U.S. and arguing for more relevant means of data gathering and analysis. The author also asserts that progress can be made on both sides of the border despite concurrent social and political problems in the region. Included in the coverage: The border region as a social system. The development of health disparities: a life-course model. A social systems approach to understanding health disparities. A critique of U.S.-Mexico border health interventions. Evaluating interventions to reduce healthcare disparities. Ethical issues in health interventions across cultures and contexts. A text for researchers and practitioners working to promote border health and reduce service inequalities, Culture and Health Disparities asks pertinent questions and provides workable, meaningful answers.

Minority Populations And Health

Minority Populations and Health PDF
Author: Thomas A. LaVeist
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118046524
Size: 32.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 1704

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"The text is state-of-the-art in its analysis of health disparities from both domestic and international perspectives. Minority Populations and Health: An Introduction to Health Disparities in the United States is a welcome addition to the field because it widens access to the complex issues underlying the health disparities problem. "-- Preventing Chronic Disease/CDC, October 2005 "This is a very comprehensive, evidence-based book dealing with the health disparities that plague the United States. This is a welcome and valuable addition to the field of health care for minority groups in the United States."-- Doody's Publishers Bulletin, August 2005 "Health isn’t color-blind. Racial minorities disproportionately suffer from some diseases, but experts say race alone doesn’t completely account for the disparities. Newsweek's Jennifer Barrett Ozols spoke with Thomas LaVeist, director of the Center for Health Disparities Solutions at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and author of the upcoming book, "Minority Populations and Health: An Introduction to Health Disparities in the U.S." (Jossey-Bass) about race and medicine. "-- MSNBC/Newsweek interview with author Thomas L. LaVeist, February 2005 "The book is readable and organized to be quickly read with specifics readily retrievable. It is comprehensive and visual."-- Journal of the American Medical Association, September 2005 Minority Populations and Health is a textbook that offers a complete foundation in the core issues and theoretical frameworks for the development of policy and interventions to address race disparities in health-related outcomes. This book covers U.S. health and social policy, the role of race and ethnicity in health research, social factors contributing to mortality, longevity and life expectancy, quantitative and demographic analysis and access, and utilization of health services. Instructors material available at http://www.minorityhealth.com

Sickening

Sickening PDF
Author: Anne Pollock
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452966176
Size: 50.91 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 176
View: 7523

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An event-by-event look at how institutionalized racism harms the health of African Americans in the twenty-first century A crucial component of anti-Black racism is the unconscionable disparity in health outcomes between Black and white Americans. Sickening examines this institutionalized inequality through dramatic, concrete events from the past two decades, revealing how unequal living conditions and inadequate medical care have become routine. From the spike in chronic disease after Hurricane Katrina to the lack of protection for Black residents during the Flint water crisis—and even the life-threatening childbirth experience for tennis star Serena Williams—author Anne Pollock takes readers on a journey through the diversity of anti-Black racism operating in healthcare. She goes beneath the surface to deconstruct the structures that make these events possible, including mass incarceration, police brutality, and the hypervisibility of Black athletes’ bodies. Ultimately, Sickening shows what these shocking events reveal about the everyday racialization of health in the United States. Concluding with a vital examination of racialized healthcare during the COVID pandemic and the Black Lives Matter rebellions of 2020, Sickening cuts through the mind-numbing statistics to vividly portray healthcare inequalities. In a gripping and passionate style, Pollock shows the devastating reality and consequences of systemic racism on the lives and health of Black Americans.

Health Disparities And Inequalities In The United States

Health Disparities and Inequalities in the United States PDF
Author: Veronica Tanner
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781634635363
Size: 70.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 333
View: 2088

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Most U.S. residents want a society in which all persons live long, healthy lives; however, that vision is yet to be realised fully. As two of its primary goals, CDC aims to reduce preventable morbidity and mortality and to eliminate disparities in health between segments of the U.S. population. Health disparities are differences in health outcomes and their determinants between segments of the population, as defined by social, demographic, environmental, and geographic attributes. Health inequalities, which is sometimes used interchangeably with the term health disparities, is more often used in the scientific and economic literature to refer to summary measures of population health associated with individual- or group-specific attributes (eg: income, education, or race/ethnicity). This book consolidates and discusses the most recent national data available on disparities in mortality, morbidity, behavioural risk factors, health-care access, preventive health services, and social determinants of critical health problems in the United States by using selected indicators.

The Challenges Of Health Disparities

The Challenges of Health Disparities PDF
Author: Darren Liu
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 1284156095
Size: 69.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 348
View: 219

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This unique text explores health disparities in the United States and their implications from the perspective of a health care administration The book begins with a broad overview of health disparities including definitions from local, state, and federal legislation, as well as alternative definitions. The authors examine current and past frameworks of analysis regarding the causes of disparities and provide a statistical overview of death rates and their implications for health care administrators. In the final section of the book, each chapter looks at health disparities within each type of health care environment such as physician practices, hospitals, pharmaceutical products, Medicare/Medicaid, long-term care, insurance markets, and more.

Rural Populations And Health

Rural Populations and Health PDF
Author: Richard A. Crosby
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118004302
Size: 49.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 388
View: 4954

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"This book provides an overview of rural health in a social disparities framework, providing a strong theoretical and evidence-based rationale for rectifying rural health disparities in the U.S. The book includes a comprehensive examination of critical issues in rural health, and rural health care services, as well as a road map for reducing disparities, building capacity and collaboration, and applying prevention research in rural areas. Also included are a diverse set of case studies designed to illustrate effective strategies for eliminating disparities and preventing public health problems in rural America. This important resource is written for for students, faculty, and researchers in public health, preventive medicine, public health nursing, social work, and sociology"--

Journal Of Social Issues Ethnic Racial Stigma And Physical Health Disparities In The United States Of America

Journal of Social Issues  Ethnic Racial Stigma and Physical Health Disparities in the United States of America PDF
Author: Luis M. Rivera
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781118987728
Size: 26.28 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 194
View: 3551

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Ethnic-racial diversity in the United States is a source of national pride, but it is overshadowed by the reality that stigmatized groups are disproportionately burdened by negative physical health. The social contexts and their activated psychological processes that contribute to ethnic-racial health disparities are not well understood. Moreover, scientists should delineate the implications of their research for public policies that address health disparities. This Journal of Social Issues volume brings together social, developmental, cognitive, and clinical psychological research on health disparities. Furthermore, it discusses how the present research informs public health policy.

Cdc Health Disparities And Inequalities Report United States 2013

CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report United States  2013 PDF
Author: U.s. Department of Health and Human Services
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781494929473
Size: 10.41 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 190
View: 7230

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CDC works 24 hours a day, seven days a week protecting people in the United States from health threats in order to save lives, promote health, and reduce costs. Achieving health equity, eliminating health disparities, and improving health in the United States are overarching goals to improve and protect our nation's health. Over the past 50 years, the United States has made significant progress toward these important goals. People are living longer, healthier, and more productive lives. However, this upward trend is neither as rapid as it should be — we lag behind dozens of other nations – nor is it uniformly experienced by people in the United States. In fact, these two shortcomings of our health system are distinct but related. Our overall health status does not achieve our potential. An important part of this — even though preventable illness, injury, disability, and death affect all segments of society — is that life expectancy and other key health outcomes vary greatly by race, sex, socioeconomic status, and geographic location. CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report — United States, 2013 examines some of the key factors that affect health and lead to health disparities in the United States. Four findings bring home the enormous personal tragedy of health disparities: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Non-Hispanic black adults are at least 50% more likely to die of heart disease or stroke prematurely than their non-Hispanic white counterparts; The prevalence of adult diabetes is higher among Hispanics, non-Hispanic blacks, and those of other or mixed races than among Asians and non-Hispanic whites. Prevalence is also higher among adults without college degrees and those with lower household incomes; The infant mortality rate for non-Hispanic blacks is more than double the rate for non-Hispanic whites. Rates also vary geographically, with higher rates in the South and Midwest than in other parts of the country; Men are far more likely to commit suicide than women, regardless of age or race/ethnicity, with overall rates nearly four times those of women. For both men and women, suicide rates are highest among American Indians/Alaska Natives and non-Hispanic whites. CDC and its partners work to identify and address the factors that lead to health disparities among racial, ethnic, geographic, socioeconomic, and other groups so that barriers to health equity can be removed. Providing accurate, useful data on the leading causes of illness and death in the United States and across the world is a foundation of CDC's mission and work. As Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen G. Sebelius has said, “Health equity benefits everyone”. Every person who dies young, is avoidably disabled, or is unable to function at their optimal level represents not only a personal and family tragedy but also impoverishes our communities and our country. Eliminating the burden of racial and ethnic health disparities is not easy, but it can be done. For example, 20 years ago the Vaccines for Children (VFC) program was created to provide vaccines at no cost to eligible children. It is now one of our country's most successful public health initiatives. More recently, the Affordable Care Act, with its provisions to require insurer coverage of preventive services without cost to patients and to increase health insurance access for millions of previously uninsured Americans, provides a powerful opportunity to further reduce health disparities. Achieving health equity requires the hard work of many people and organizations. The future health of our nation will be determined, to a large extent, by how effectively federal, state, and local agencies and private organizations work with communities to eliminate health disparities among populations that continue to experience a disproportionate burden of disease, disability, injury, and death.

Cultural Proficiency In Addressing Health Disparities

Cultural Proficiency in Addressing Health Disparities PDF
Author: Sade Kosoko-Lasaki
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449664776
Size: 50.55 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 433
View: 152

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This book has important information and current statistics on health disparities within the United States. It identifies our most vulnerable populations and offers guidelines on how to avoid cultural incompetence and promote cultural proficiency. Cultural Proficiency in Addressing Health Disparities will help us to address Healthy People 2010, which challenges individuals, communities, and professionals to take specific steps to ensure that good health, as well as long life, is enjoyed by all. This demands the ability to relate effectively to persons of many different cultures to assure collaborative participation in research (that must include minorities), clinical patient care and disease prevention. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

National Healthcare Disparities Report

National Healthcare Disparities Report PDF
Author: U. S. Department Human Services
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781499309638
Size: 41.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 926

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This historic report, the first annual report on healthcare disparities, is intended to provide a balanced summary of the state of disparities in the United States. It will demonstrate that disparities exist for many Americans and improvement is possible. Rather than offer a series of snapshots of disparities from individual research studies, this report provides a comprehensive view of the scope and characteristics of differences in health care quality and access associated with patient race, ethnicity, income, education, and place of residence. To date, no report has provided extensive cross-group comparisons that could provide a national roadmap to focused efforts to reduce disparities. Demographic trends indicate that the number of Americans who are vulnerable to suffering the effects of heath care disparities will rise over the next half century. Current data show that some ethnic minorities, as well as low-income families of whatever race or ethnicity, tend to be in poorer health than other Americans. Additionally, some racial and ethnic minorities are growing at a much more rapid pace than the majority white population. Nearly 1 in 2 Americans will be a member of a racial or ethnic minority-i.e., black, Hispanic, Asian, or American Indian-by the year 2050. Clearly, these trends pose a daunting challenge for policymakers and the health care system. A vital step in the effort to eliminate health care disparities is the systematic collection and analysis of health care data. This will help policymakers and researchers discern the areas of greatest need, monitor trends over time, and identify successful programs for addressing those needs. This first NHDR builds on and seeks to complement existing work in the area of disparities, notably Healthy People 2010 and IOM's 2002 report, Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare Unequal Treatment. Yet those efforts differ from the NHDR in substantive ways. The elimination of disparities in health is a goal of Healthy People 2010. Since the extent to which disparities in health care contribute to overall disparities in health remains unknown, the NHDR complements HP 2010 by focusing on prevailing disparities in health care delivery. Disparities in health care can only be interpreted within the context of disparities in health. Eliminating disparities in health care is a logical method for eliminating associated disparities in health. Unequal Treatment extensively documents health care disparities in the United States by race and ethnicity. The IOM's examination finds that disparities in health care are substantial, even after accounting for characteristics typically associated with disparities, such as health insurance coverage and income. But while Unequal Treatment demonstrates definitively that racial and ethnic disparities in health care exist, it does not measure the magnitude of the problem from a national perspective. The NHDR examines national disparities in both the ability of Americans to access health care and in the quality of health care. It includes an analysis of disparities related to socioeconomic position as well as to race and ethnicity, and attempts to capture the relationship between race/ethnicity and socioeconomic position. The report provides baseline data from which we may be able to measure the effect of national initiatives to reduce disparities. The NHDR provides seven key findings to policymakers, clinicians, health system administrators, and community leaders who seek to use this information to improve health care services for all populations: 1) Inequality in quality persists; 2) Disparities come at a personal and societal price; 3) Differential access may lead to disparities in quality; 4) Opportunities to provide preventive care are frequently missed; 5) Knowledge of why disparities exist is limited; 6) Improvement is possible; 7) Data limitations hinder targeted improvement efforts.