Contemporary Indigenous Movements In Latin America

Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America PDF
Author: Erick Detlef Langer
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0842026797
Size: 37.61 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 220
View: 1415

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The efforts of Indians in Latin America have gained momentum and garnered increasing attention in the last decade as they claim rights to their land and demand full participation in the political process. This issue is of rising importance as ecological concerns and autochtonous movements gain a foothold in Latin America, transforming the political landscape into one in which multiethnic democracies hold sway. In some cases, these movements have led to violent outbursts that severely affected some nations, such as the 1992 and 1994 Indian uprisings in Ecuador. In most cases, however, grassroots efforts have realized success without bloodshed. An Aymara Indian, head of an indigenous-rights political party, became Vice President of Bolivia. Brazilian lands are being set aside for indigenous groups not as traditional reservations where the government attempts to 'civilize' the hunters and gatherers, but where the government serves only to keep loggers, gold miners, and other interlopers out of tribal lands. Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America is a collection of essays compiled by Professor Erick D. Langer that brings together-for the first time-contributions on indigenous movements throughout Latin America from all regions. Focusing on the 1990s, Professor Langer illustrates the range and increasing significance of the Indian movements in Latin America. The volume addresses the ways in which Indians have confronted the political, social, and economic problems they face today, and shows the diversity of the movements, both in lowlands and in highlands, tribal peoples, and peasants. The book presents an analytical overview of these movements, as well as a vision of how and why they have become so important in the late twentieth century. Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America is important for those interested in Latin American studies, including Latin American civilization, Latin American anthropology, contemporary issues in Latin America, and ethnic studies.

Contemporary Indigenous Movements In Latin America

Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America PDF
Author: Erick Detlef Langer
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780842026802
Size: 54.61 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 220
View: 1801

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The efforts of Indians in Latin America have gained momentum and garnered increasing attention in the last decade as they claim rights to their land and demand full participation in the political process. This issue is of rising importance as ecological concerns and autochtonous movements gain a foothold in Latin America, transforming the political landscape into one in which multiethnic democracies hold sway. In some cases, these movements have led to violent outbursts that severely affected some nations, such as the 1992 and 1994 Indian uprisings in Ecuador. In most cases, however, grassroots efforts have realized success without bloodshed. An Aymara Indian, head of an indigenous-rights political party, became Vice President of Bolivia. Brazilian lands are being set aside for indigenous groups not as traditional reservations where the government attempts to "civilize" the hunters and gatherers, but where the government serves only to keep loggers, gold miners, and other interlopers out of tribal lands. Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America is a collection of essays compiled by Professor Erick D. Langer that brings together-for the first time-contributions on indigenous movements throughout Latin America from all regions. Focusing on the 1990s, Professor Langer illustrates the range and increasing significance of the Indian movements in Latin America. The volume addresses the ways in which Indians have confronted the political, social, and economic problems they face today, and shows the diversity of the movements, both in lowlands and in highlands, tribal peoples, and peasants. The book presents an analytical overview of these movements, as well as a vision of how and why they have become so important in the late twentieth century. Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America is important for those interested in Latin American studies, including Latin American civilization, Latin American anthropology, contemporary issues in Latin America, and ethnic studies.

Contemporary Latin America

Contemporary Latin America PDF
Author: Robert H. Holden
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111827492X
Size: 29.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 6699

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Contemporary Latin America presents the epochal political,economic, social, and cultural changes in Latin America over thelast 40 years and comprehensively examines their impact on life inthe region, and beyond. Provides a fresh approach and a new interpretation of theseismic changes of the last 40 years in Latin America Introduces major themes from a humanistic and universalperspective, putting each subject in a context that readers canunderstand and relate to Focuses on ‘Ibero-America'--Brazil and the eighteencountries that were formerly Spanish possessions- while offeringvaluable comparative views of the non-Iberian areas of theCaribbean Emphasizes the global, regional and national dimensions of theregion's recent past

Contesting Citizenship In Latin America

Contesting Citizenship in Latin America PDF
Author: Deborah J. Yashar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521827461
Size: 40.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 388
View: 5568

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Deborah Yashar analyzes the contemporary and uneven emergence of Latin American indigenous movements--addressing both why indigenous identities have become politically salient in the contemporary period and why they have translated into significant political organizations in some places and not others. She argues that ethnic politics can best be explained through a comparative historical approach that analyzes three factors: changing citizenship regimes, social networks, and political associational space--providing insight into the fragility and unevenness of Latin America's third wave democracies.

The Making Of Social Movements In Latin America

The Making Of Social Movements In Latin America PDF
Author: Arturo Escobar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429975937
Size: 24.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 383
View: 6402

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During the last decade, Latin American social movements have brought about a profound transformation in the nature and practice of protest and collective action. This book surveys the full spectrum of movements in Latin America today-from peasant and squatter movements to women's and gay movements, as well as environmental and civic movements - examining how this diverse mosaic of emergent social actors has prompted social scientists to rethink the dynamics of Latin American social and political change.Whereas the prevailing theories of social movements have largely drawn on Western cases, this volume includes the work of prominent Latin American scholars and incorporates analytical perspectives originating in the region. Contributors discuss the three dimensions of change most commonly attributed to Latin American social movements in the 1980s: their role in forging collective identities; their innovative social practices and political strategies; and their actual or potential contributions to alternative visions of development and to the democratization of political institutions and social relations.This interdisciplinary text provides both specialists and students of social movements with a unique, comprehensive, and accessible collection of essays that is unprecedented in theoretical and empirical scope. It will be useful in a wide range of graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in Latin American studies, comparative politics, sociology and anthropology, development studies, political economy, and contemporary political and cultural theory.

Handbook Of Social Movements Across Latin America

Handbook of Social Movements across Latin America PDF
Author: Paul Almeida
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401799121
Size: 41.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 381
View: 4187

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This handbook covers social movement activities in Latin American countries that have had profound consequences on the political culture of the region. It examines the developments of the past twenty years, such as a renewed upswing in popular mobilization, the ending of violent conflicts and military governments, new struggles and a relatively more democratic climate. It shows that, from southern Chiapas to Argentina, social movements in the 1990s and especially in the 2000s, have reached new heights of popular participation. There is a lack of research on the politics of this region in the contemporary era of globalization, this volume partially fills the void and offers a rich resource to students, scholars and the general public in terms of understanding the politics of mass mobilization in the early twenty-first century. The contributors each address social movement activity in their own nation and together they present a multidisciplinary perspective on the topic. Each chapter uses a case study design to bring out the most prominent attributes of the particular social struggle(s), for instance the main protagonists in the campaigns, the grievances of the population and the outcomes of the struggles. This Handbook is divided into seven substantive themes, providing overall coherence to a broad range of social conflicts across countries, issues and social groups. These themes include: 1) theory of Latin American social movements; 2) neoliberalism; 3) indigenous struggles; 4) women’s movements; 5) movements and the State; 6) environmental movements; and 7) transnational mobilizations.

Expecting Pears From An Elm Tree

Expecting Pears from an Elm Tree PDF
Author: Erick D. Langer
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822390914
Size: 37.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 390
View: 3364

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Missions played a vital role in frontier development in Latin America throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. They were key to the penetration of national societies into the regions and indigenous lands that the nascent republics claimed as their jurisdictions. In Expecting Pears from an Elm Tree, Erick D. Langer examines one of the most important Catholic mission systems in republican-era Latin America, the Franciscan missions among the Chiriguano Indians in southeastern Bolivia. Using that mission system as a model for understanding the relationship between indigenous peoples and missionaries in the post-independence period, Langer explains how the missions changed over their lifespan and how power shifted between indigenous leaders and the missionaries in an ongoing process of negotiation. Expecting Pears from an Elm Tree is based on twenty years of research, including visits to the sites of nearly every mission discussed and interviews with descendants of mission Indians, Indian chiefs, Franciscan friars, mestizo settlers, and teachers. Langer chronicles how, beginning in the 1840s, the establishment of missions fundamentally changed the relationship between the Chiriguano villages and national society. He looks at the Franciscan missionaries’ motives, their visions of ideal missions, and the realities they faced. He also examines mission life from the Chiriguano point of view, considering their reasons for joining missions and their resistance to conversion, as well as the interrelated issues of Indian acculturation and the development of the mission economy, particularly in light of the relatively high rates of Indian mortality and outmigration. Expanding his focus, Langer delves into the complex interplay of Indians, missionaries, frontier society, and the national government until the last remaining missions were secularized in 1949. He concludes with a comparative analysis between colonial and republican-era missions throughout Latin America.

The New Latin American Left

The New Latin American Left PDF
Author: Jeffery R. Webber
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 074255757X
Size: 50.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 395
View: 5439

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"This anthology--bringing together political scientists, anthropologists, historians, sociologists, economists, and journalists--provides a serious and sophisticated theoretical and historical analysis of the state of the Latin American Left. The central thematic issues are addressed, followed by a number of case studies written by the most astute radical Left observers of the contemporary setting"--

Indians And Leftists In The Making Of Ecuador S Modern Indigenous Movements

Indians and Leftists in the Making of Ecuador   s Modern Indigenous Movements PDF
Author: Marc Becker
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822381451
Size: 37.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 330
View: 6554

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In June 1990, Indigenous peoples shocked Ecuadorian elites with a powerful uprising that paralyzed the country for a week. Militants insisted that the government address Indigenous demands for land ownership, education, and economic development. This uprising was a milestone in the history of Ecuador’s social justice movements, and it inspired popular organizing efforts across Latin America. While the insurrection seemed to come out of nowhere, Marc Becker demonstrates that it emerged out of years of organizing and developing strategies to advance Indigenous rights. In this richly documented account, he chronicles a long history of Indigenous political activism in Ecuador, from the creation of the first local agricultural syndicates in the 1920s through the galvanizing protests of 1990. In so doing, he reveals the central role of women in Indigenous movements and the history of productive collaborations between rural Indigenous activists and urban leftist intellectuals. Becker explains how rural laborers and urban activists worked together in Ecuador, merging ethnic and class-based struggles for social justice. Socialists were often the first to defend Indigenous languages, cultures, and social organizations. They introduced rural activists to new tactics, including demonstrations and strikes. Drawing on leftist influences, Indigenous peoples became adept at reacting to immediate, local forms of exploitation while at the same time addressing broader underlying structural inequities. Through an examination of strike activity in the 1930s, the establishment of a national-level Ecuadorian Federation of Indians in 1944, and agitation for agrarian reform in the 1960s, Becker shows that the history of Indigenous mobilizations in Ecuador is longer and deeper than many contemporary observers have recognized.

Indigenous Women S Movements In Latin America

Indigenous Women   s Movements in Latin America PDF
Author: Stéphanie Rousseau
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349950637
Size: 57.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 225
View: 7361

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This book presents a comparative analysis of the organizing trajectories of indigenous women’s movements in Peru, Mexico, and Bolivia. The authors’ innovative research reveals how the articulation of gender and ethnicity is central to shape indigenous women’s discourses. It explores the political contexts and internal dynamics of indigenous movements, to show that they created different opportunities for women to organize and voice specific demands. This, in turn, led to various forms of organizational autonomy for women involved in indigenous movements. The trajectories vary from the creation of autonomous spaces within mixed-gender organizations to the creation of independent organizations. Another pattern is that of women’s organizations maintaining an affiliation to a male-dominated mixed-gender organization, or what the authors call “gender parallelism”. This book illustrates how, in the last two decades, indigenous women have challenged various forms of exclusion through different strategies, transforming indigenous movements’ organizations and collective identities.

Power And Popular Protest

Power and Popular Protest PDF
Author: Manuel Antonio Garretón
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520227050
Size: 76.47 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 424
View: 2767

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"A wonderful starting point for studying social movements in contemporary Latin America and for analyzing how unique processes of dependent capitalist development, and attendant political structures, influence their emergence and impact. This edited volume comes just in time, before we get too carried away with Euro-centered theories of new social movements and lose sight of what is really happening at the grassroots. It is one of the first collections of its kind published in English, and as such it is a rich and long-overdue contribution. "—Diane E. Davis, Journal of Inter-American Studies and World Affairs "Carefully conceived, Power and Popular Protest is a superb text to be consulted in the years to come by anyone interested in understanding contemporary Latin American politics and society."—Rosario Espinal, Contemporary Sociology

Embers Of The Past

Embers of the Past PDF
Author: Javier Sanjines C.
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
ISBN: 9780822354444
Size: 16.78 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 5736

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Embers of the Past is a powerful critique of historicism and modernity. Javier Sanjinés C. analyzes the conflict between the cultures and movements of indigenous peoples and attention to the modern nation-state in its contemporary Latin American manifestations. He contends that indigenous movements have introduced doubt into the linear course of modernity, reopening the gap between the symbolic and the real. Addressing this rupture, Sanjines argues that scholars must rethink their temporal categories. Toward that end, he engages with recent events in Latin America, particularly in Bolivia, and with Latin American intellectuals, as well as European thinkers disenchanted with modernity. Sanjinés dissects the concepts of the homogeneous nation and linear time, and insists on the need to reclaim the indigenous subjectivities still labeled "premodern" and excluded from the production, distribution, and organization of knowledge.

From Movements To Parties In Latin America

From Movements to Parties in Latin America PDF
Author: Donna Lee Van Cott
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780511140778
Size: 73.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Indians of South America
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 4667

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This book explains the formation in the 1990s by indigenous peoples' movements of successful political parties in four Latin American countries. It contributes to scholarly understanding of ethnic political cleavages, indigenous political mobilization, and the transformation of party systems and political representations in contemporary Latin America.

Pachakutik

Pachakutik PDF
Author: Marc Becker
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 9781442207554
Size: 42.29 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 1130

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This authoritative book provides a deeply informed overview of contemporary Indigenous movements in Ecuador. Leading scholar Marc Becker traces the growing influence of the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE) in the wake of a 1990 uprising, the launch of a new political movement called Pachakutik in 1995, and the election of Rafael Correa in 2006. Even though CONAIE, Pachakutik, and Correa shared similar concerns for social justice, they soon came into conflict with each other. Becker examines the competing strategies and philosophies that emerge when social movements and political parties embrace comparable visions but follow different paths to realize their objectives. In exploring the multiple and conflictive strategies that Indigenous movements have followed over the past twenty years, he definitively charts the trajectory of one of the Americas' most powerful and best organized social movements.