Constitutional Conflicts Between Congress And The President

Constitutional Conflicts Between Congress and the President PDF
Author: Louis Fisher
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 16.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 327
View: 2739

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A classic on the separation of powers, this book dissects the crucial constitutional disputes between the executive and legislative branches from the Constitutional Convention to the present day. New material includes military tribunals and NSA eavesdropping, disputes over executive orders, state secrets privilege, and post-9/11 wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

The Politics Of Shared Power

The Politics of Shared Power PDF
Author: Louis Fisher
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 9780890968215
Size: 18.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 309
View: 1874

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As Congress and the president battle out the federal deficit, foreign involvements, health care, and other policies of grave national import, the underlying constitutional issue is always the separation of powers doctrine. In The Politics of Shared Power, a classic text in the field of executive-legislative relations, Louis Fisher explains clearly and perceptively the points at which congressional and presidential interests converge and diverge, the institutional patterns that persist from one administration and one Congress to another, and the partisan dimensions resulting from the two-party system. Fisher also discusses the role of the courts in reviewing cases brought to them by members of Congress, the president, agency heads, and political activists, illustrating how court decisions affect the allocation of federal funds and the development and implementation of public policy. He examines how the president participates as legislator and how Congress intervenes in administrative matters. Separate chapters on the bureaucracy, the independent regulatory commissions, and the budgetary process probe these questions from different angles. The new fourth edition addresses the line item veto and its tortuous history and prospects. A chapter on war powers and foreign affairs studies executive-legislative disputes that affect global relations, including the Iran-Contra affair, the Persian Gulf War in 1991, and American presence in conflicts such as Haiti and Bosnia. An important new discussion focuses on interbranch collisions and gridlock as they have developed since 1992.

The Supreme Court And Congress

The Supreme Court and Congress PDF
Author: Louis Fisher
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN:
Size: 28.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 321
View: 4610

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Traces the history of the U.S. Supreme Court and examines the impact of its decisions on politics and public policy.

President Obama

President Obama PDF
Author: Louis Fisher
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780700626854
Size: 48.34 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 914

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A fair but critical assessment of President Obama's executive performance and legacy.

Presidential War Power

Presidential War Power PDF
Author: Louis Fisher
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780700619313
Size: 42.73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 355
View: 2883

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Third edition of a bestselling work by one of America's top Constitutional scholars. This update includes discussion of presidential actions during the administrations of George W. Bush and Barack Obama and challenges what the author views as their dangerous expansion of executive power.

Congress

Congress PDF
Author: Louis Fisher
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780700622115
Size: 24.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 216
View: 5317

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With illuminating case studies and analysis of judicial performance, Lou Fisher very effectively challenges the conventional academic wisdom that the courts are the most reliable protectors of individual rights in the U.S. Indeed, he convincingly undercuts what has routinely been taught for many years about the judicial branch, giving us a new appreciation of the limits of the courts and the central role of Congress in leading the way

Constitutional Conflicts

Constitutional Conflicts PDF
Author: Nancy J. O'Brien
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 71.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Executive power
Languages : en
Pages : 64
View: 1346

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On The Supreme Court

On the Supreme Court PDF
Author: Louis Fisher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317254996
Size: 30.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 242
View: 341

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"On the Supreme Court" places the Supreme Court in a rich historical and political context, demonstrating how its interpretations of statutes and the Constitution are necessarily shared with the elected branches, the 50 states, and the general public. It explains why the Court exercises judicial review, not judicial supremacy. It demonstrates that, contrary to popular opinion, the Court does not supply the final or exclusive word on the Constitution. In an era of tectonic changes, "On the Supreme Court" offers a fresh perspective on this mainstay institution from a scholar with unique insights as a Constitutional specialist as well as a Congressional researcher.Key features of the text: "

Supreme Court Expansion Of Presidential Power

Supreme Court Expansion of Presidential Power PDF
Author: Louis Fisher
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780700624676
Size: 25.18 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : POLITICAL SCIENCE
Languages : en
Pages : 331
View: 5347

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"Fisher traces the development of the constitutional law of presidential power through federal judicial decisions. He argues that the federal courts since the 1930s have greatly expanded presidential power beyond any fair reading of the original intent of the Framers and the text of the Constitution. Fisher's conclusion is twofold : not only should the courts be held accountable for misleading approaches, biased doctrines, and abdication of function, but so should constitutional law scholars, who have not mined the historical record nor questioned presumptions about executive competence. The result is that both judges and the scholars who comment on their work have legitimized executive power to an extent that has done serious damage not only to the constitutional system, but also to the viability and legitimacy of public policy"--

Reconsidering Judicial Finality

Reconsidering Judicial Finality PDF
Author: Louis Fisher
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780700628100
Size: 69.55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 3335

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A bold challenge to the claim made by Supreme Court Justices and legal scholars alike that the Court is the final word on the meaning of the Constitution. From 1789 to the present time, the record clearly demonstrates that the Court shares that fundamental task with the elected branches and the general public.

The Power Of Precedent

The Power of Precedent PDF
Author: Michael J. Gerhardt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199795797
Size: 70.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 350
View: 5080

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The role that precedent plays in constitutional decision making is a perennially divisive subject among scholars of law and American politics. The debate rages over both empirical and normative aspects of the issue: To what extent are the Supreme Court, Congress, and the executive branch constrained by precedent? To what extent should they be? Taking up a topic long overdue for comprehensive treatment, Michael Gerhardt connects the vast social science data and legal scholarship to provide the most wide-ranging assessment of precedent in several decades. Updated to reflect recent legal cases, The Power of Precedent clearly outlines the major issues in the continuing debates on the significance of precedent and evenly considers all sides. For the Supreme Court, precedents take many forms, including not only the Court's past opinions, but also norms, historical practices, and traditions that the justices have deliberately chosen to follow. In these forms, precedent exerts more force than is commonly acknowledged. This force is encapsulated in the implementation and recognition of what Gerhardt calls the "golden rule of precedent," a major dynamic in constitutional law. The rule calls upon justices and other public authorities to recognize that since they expect others to respect their own precedents, they must provide the same respect to others' precedents. Gerhardt's extensive exploration of precedent leads him to formulate a more expansive definition of it, one that encompasses not only the prior constitutional decisions of courts but also the constitutional judgments of other public authorities. Gerhardt concludes his study by looking at what the future holds for the concept, as he examines the decisions and attitudes toward precedent exhibited by the shift from the Rehnquist to the Roberts Court. Authoritative and incisive, Gerhardt presents an in-depth look at this central yet understudied phenomenon at the core of all constitutional conflicts and one of undeniable importance to American law and politics. Ultimately, The Power of Precedent vividly illustrates how constitutional law is made and evolves both in and outside of the courts.

Wie M Chtig Ist Der Us Pr Sident Kompetenzverteilung Und Machtverschiebung Zwischen Pr Sident Und Kongress Auf Hintergrund Der Verfassungsvorgaben

Wie m  chtig ist der US Pr  sident  Kompetenzverteilung und Machtverschiebung zwischen Pr  sident und Kongress auf Hintergrund der Verfassungsvorgaben PDF
Author: Stephanie Wörmann
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638780953
Size: 27.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 27
View: 1511

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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: USA, Note: 2,0, Universität Passau, Veranstaltung: Einführung in die politischen Systeme, 25 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Am 2. November 2004 ist George W. Bush als Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten wiedergewählt worden. Auf der ganzen Welt wurde die Wahl mit großem Interesse beobachtet, da es sich in den Augen vieler um den mächtigsten Mann der Welt handelt. Seit dem Zusammenbruch der Sowjetunion 1991 ist der amerikanische Präsident das Staatsoberhaupt der letzten verbleibenden Supermacht, eines Landes dessen Militärausgaben allein jährlich 35% der weltweiten Militärausgaben ausmacht.1 Die Außenpolitik der USA, die durch den Präsidenten im Ausland verkörpert wird, ist somit für viele Länder von Bedeutung. Ein aktuelles Beispiel, an dem die USA ihre Stellung als Supermacht zum Ausdruck brachten ist der Krieg gegen den Irak. In diesem Zusammenhang wird George W. Bush häufig ein Alleingang vorgeworfen. Verschiedene Kritiker stellen die Frage, ob der Präsident eigenmächtig oder im Namen seines Landes handelte. Wie wird der amerikanische Präsident, der ein so mächtiges Land regiert, kontrolliert? Ist es für ihn als Einzelperson wirklich möglich „per Knopfdruck die ganze Welt in Schutt und Asche zu legen“? In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird der Frage nachgegangen, wie viel Macht der USPräsident tatsächlich hat. Dabei liegt das Hauptaugenmerk auf der verfassungsrechtlichen Verteilung der Kompetenzen zwischen Legislative und Exekutive. Um die Frage, ob eine Machtverschiebung zugunsten des Präsidenten stattgefunden hat, beantworten zu können, wird zunächst das Politische System der USA und die beiden Institutionen der Legislative und Exekutive im Verfassungsgefüge betrachtet. Da es im Rahmen dieser Arbeit nicht möglich ist ausführlich auf alle strittigen Punkte der Kompetenzverteilung einzugehen, wird in hier hauptsächlich die Entwicklung des Rechts zur Kriegserklärung im Laufe der Zeit genauer betrachtet.

The Constitution In Wartime

The Constitution in Wartime PDF
Author: Mark Tushnet
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822386909
Size: 34.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 2245

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Most recent discussion of the United States Constitution and war—both the war on terrorism and the war in Iraq—has been dominated by two diametrically opposed views: the alarmism of those who see many current policies as portending gross restrictions on American civil liberties, and the complacency of those who see these same policies as entirely reasonable accommodations to the new realities of national security. Whatever their contributions to the public discussion and policy-making processes, these voices contribute little to an understanding of the real constitutional issues raised by war. Providing the historical and legal context needed to assess competing claims, The Constitution in Wartime identifies and explains the complexities of the important constitutional issues brought to the fore by wartime actions and policies. Twelve prominent legal scholars and political scientists combine broad overviews of U.S. history and contemporary policy with detailed yet accessible analyses of legal issues of pressing concern today. Some of the essays are broad in scope, reflecting on national character, patriotism, and political theory; exploring whether war and republican government are compatible; and considering in what sense we can be said to be in wartime circumstances today. Others are more specific, examining the roles of Congress, the presidency, the courts, and the international legal community. Throughout the collection, balanced, unbiased analysis leads to some surprising conclusions, one of which is that wartime conditions have sometimes increased, rather than curtailed, civil rights and civil liberties. For instance, during the cold war, government officials regarded measures aimed at expanding African Americans’ freedom at home as crucial to improving America’s image abroad. Contributors. Sotirios Barber, Mark Brandon, James E. Fleming, Mark Graber, Samuel Issacharoff, David Luban, Richard H. Pildes, Eric Posner, Peter Spiro, William Michael Treanor, Mark Tushnet, Adrian Vermeule

War Powers Reforming The Law With Case Studies Of U S Military Participation In The Persian Gulf And Haiti

War Powers  Reforming the Law  With Case Studies of U S  Military Participation in the Persian Gulf and Haiti PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 59.65 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 118
View: 4999

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The thesis studies the U.S. legal framework on war powers, concluding that it has not allowed the President and Congress to work together on war powers issues. From the constitutional viewpoint, this lack of friendly environment arises from the fact that the Constitution shares war powers between the presidency and the Congress, producing the conflict. From a political viewpoint, this dispute is explained by the presidential willingness to use the war powers without congressional authorization. In addition, every time lawmakers have sued the president for violations of the War Powers Resolution, the judiciary has ruled that this is a political question. Legally speaking, this conflict could end in a constitutional conflict. Politically speaking, this dispute could also have an important impact on the role that the United States plays within the community of nations and on the U.S. national security goal of promoting democracy abroad. In order to offer a possible solution, the thesis proposes legal changes that would strengthen the consultation process established by both the War Powers Resolution and the National Security Act of 1947.

Conflict And Consensus

Conflict and Consensus PDF
Author: Gerald Felix Warburg
Publisher: Ballinger Publishing Company
ISBN:
Size: 20.77 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 325
View: 5356

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Contents: Foreign Policy Under the Constitution; Foreign Policymaking in the Nuclear Age; Presidential Control of Foreign Policy; Legislating Foreign Policy; The Power to Make War; The Treaty-Making Power; Congress and Arms Sales; Foreign Aid & Bilateral Relations; Congress and the Pentagon; Shaping National Security Policy; Conclusion: A Blueprint for Peaceful Coexistence on Pennsylvania Avenue. Indexes.