Civil War On Race Street

Civil War on Race Street PDF
Author: Peter B. Levy
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780813028156
Size: 28.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 3434

Get Book

"An important contribution to the historiography of the modern African-American freedom struggle. By focusing on a campaign located outside the Deep South (led principally by an African-American woman) that attracted an unprecedented level of federal investigation, Levy joins those scholars who are profitably extending our understanding of what the freedom struggle was, how it was organized, and even when and where it was to be found."--Brian Ward, University of Florida "Peter Levy's Civil War on Race Street joins a short list of first-rate works . . . that analyze the precise dynamics of protest and resistance during the civil rights era, getting past the sweeping narratives of change coming down from Washington to examine what, when, and how individuals actually built the movement on the ground."--Doug Rossinow, Metropolitan State University Civil War on Race Street, so named because Race Street was the road that divided blacks and whites in Cambridge, Maryland, is a detailed examination of one of the most vibrant locally based struggles for racial equality during the 1960s. Beginning with an overview of Cambridge, particularly its history of racial and class relations, Peter Levy traces the emergence of the modern civil rights movement in this city on Maryland's Eastern Shore. Catalyzed by the arrival of freedom riders in 1962, the movement in Cambridge expanded in 1963 and 1964 under the leadership of Gloria Richardson, one of the most prominent (and one of the few female) civil rights leaders in the nation. In the years after her departure from Cambridge, the movement went into decline until 1967, when it underwent a brief revival that culminated with a riot allegedly incited by black power spokesman H. Rap Brown. In the wake of the riot, blacks and whites in Cambridge sought to rebuild their city and return to a politics of moderation. However, Spiro Agnew, then governor of Maryland, used the riot to advance his political career and the fortunes of the New Right, thereby garnering the attention of the public (as well as Richard Nixon) and achieving the vice-presidency in 1968. At the same time, H. Rap Brown saw his influence and that of the civil rights movement decline. In addition to providing valuable insights into Richardson and Agnew, this study is one of the few to examine a community in a "border" state. Levy demonstrates that the goals of the movement were not universal, that strategies underwent constant political and social change, and that the impact on the micro level was not as clean and immediate as historians would have us believe. Peter B. Levy is associate professor of history at York College of Pennsylvania.

The Struggle Is Eternal

The Struggle Is Eternal PDF
Author: Joseph R. Fitzgerald
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813176549
Size: 53.76 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 3485

Get Book

Many prominent and well-known figures greatly impacted the civil rights movement, but one of the most influential and unsung leaders of that period was Gloria Richardson. As the leader of the Cambridge Nonviolent Action Committee (CNAC), a multifaceted liberation campaign formed to target segregation and racial inequality in Cambridge, Maryland, Richardson advocated for economic justice and tactics beyond nonviolent demonstrations. Her philosophies and strategies -- including her belief that black people had a right to self--defense -- were adopted, often without credit, by a number of civil rights and black power leaders and activists. The Struggle Is Eternal: Gloria Richardson and Black Liberation explores the largely forgotten but deeply significant life of this central figure and her determination to improve the lives of black people. Using a wide range of source materials, including interviews with Richardson and her personal papers, as well as interviews with dozens of her friends, relatives, and civil rights colleagues, Joseph R. Fitzgerald presents an all-encompassing narrative. From Richardson's childhood, when her parents taught her the importance of racial pride, through the next eight decades, Fitzgerald relates a detailed and compelling story of her life. He reveals how Richardson's human rights activism extended far beyond Cambridge and how her leadership style and vision for liberation were embraced by the younger activists of the black power movement, who would carry the struggle on throughout the late 1960s and into the 1970s.

The Great Uprising

The Great Uprising PDF
Author: Peter B. Levy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108397239
Size: 55.89 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3604

Get Book

Between 1963 and 1972 America experienced over 750 urban revolts. Considered collectively, they comprise what Peter Levy terms a 'Great Uprising'. Levy examines these uprisings over the arc of the entire decade, in various cities across America. He challenges both conservative and liberal interpretations, emphasizing that these riots must be placed within historical context to be properly understood. By focusing on three specific cities as case studies - Cambridge and Baltimore, Maryland, and York, Pennsylvania - Levy demonstrates the impact which these uprisings had on millions of ordinary Americans. He shows how conservatives profited politically by constructing a misleading narrative of their causes, and also suggests that the riots did not represent a sharp break or rupture from the civil rights movement. Finally, Levy presents a cautionary tale by challenging us to consider if the conditions that produced this 'Great Uprising' are still predominant in American culture today.

Civil Disobedience An Encyclopedic History Of Dissidence In The United States

Civil Disobedience  An Encyclopedic History of Dissidence in the United States PDF
Author: Mary Ellen Snodgrass
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317474414
Size: 54.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 800
View: 3059

Get Book

Throughout American history, people with strong beliefs that ran counter to society's rules and laws have used civil disobedience to advance their causes. From the Boston Tea Party in 1773, to the Pullman Strike in 1894, to the draft card burnings and sit-ins of more recent times, civil disobedience has been a powerful force for effecting change in American society.This comprehensive A-Z encyclopedia provides a wealth of information on people, places, actions, and events that defied the law to focus attention on an issue or cause. It covers the causes and actions of activists across the political spectrum from colonial times to the present, and includes political, social economic, environmental, and a myriad of other issues."Civil Disobedience" ties into all aspects of the American history curriculum, and is a rich source of material for essays and debates on critical issues and events that continue to influence our nation's laws and values. It explores the philosophies, themes, concepts, and practices of activist groups and individuals, as well as the legislation they influenced. It includes a detailed chronology of civil disobedience, listings of acts of conscience and civil disobedience by act and by location, a bibliography of primary and secondary sources, and a comprehensive index complete the set.

Gender In The Civil Rights Movement

Gender in the Civil Rights Movement PDF
Author: Peter J. Ling
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135669139
Size: 20.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 350
View: 6121

Get Book

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Faith In Black Power

Faith in Black Power PDF
Author: Kerry Pimblott
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813168902
Size: 13.25 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 730

Get Book

In 1969, nineteen-year-old Robert Hunt was found dead in the Cairo, Illinois, police station. The white authorities ruled the death a suicide, but many members of the African American community believed that Hunt had been murdered—a sentiment that sparked rebellions and protests across the city. Cairo suddenly emerged as an important battleground for black survival in America and became a focus for many civil rights groups, including the NAACP. The United Front, a black power organization founded and led by Reverend Charles Koen, also mobilized—thanks in large part to the support of local Christian congregations. In this vital reassessment of the impact of religion on the black power movement, Kerry Pimblott presents a nuanced discussion of the ways in which black churches supported and shaped the United Front. She deftly challenges conventional narratives of the de-Christianization of the movement, revealing that Cairoites embraced both old-time religion and revolutionary thought. Not only did the faithful fund the mass direct-action strategies of the United Front, but activists also engaged the literature on black theology, invited theologians to speak at their rallies, and sent potential leaders to train at seminaries. Pimblott also investigates the impact of female leaders on the organization and their influence on young activists, offering new perspectives on the hypermasculine image of black power. Based on extensive primary research, this groundbreaking book contributes to and complicates the history of the black freedom struggle in America. It not only adds a new element to the study of African American religion but also illuminates the relationship between black churches and black politics during this tumultuous era.

Civil War Sites Memorials Museums And Library Collections

Civil War Sites  Memorials  Museums and Library Collections PDF
Author: Doug Gelbert
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476608172
Size: 63.78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 3875

Get Book

Although the exact number will never be known, it is estimated that there were over 10,000 military engagements during the Civil War. Most have long since been forgotten, but the places where a number of them were fought have been maintained as historic sites. Others have been memorialized by statues or markers, as have many Civil War leaders and soldiers. Arranged by state, this reference work provides capsule descriptions and information on Civil War sites and collections throughout the United States, including battlefields, memorial markers and statues, museums, cemeteries and other landmarks. In addition to the description, the address and telephone number for each are given, along with admission fees (if any) and policies, hours open and other pertinent information. For each state, there is a brief profile of its role during the Civil War and a timeline of significant battles or other events that took place there.

Spiro Agnew And The Rise Of The Republican Right

Spiro Agnew and the Rise of the Republican Right PDF
Author: Justin P. Coffey
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 144084142X
Size: 19.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 259
View: 5680

Get Book

The narrative of Spiro Agnew's rise and fall has never been fully told. This compelling book tells the story of one of the most controversial, high-level politicians of recent American history and explains the importance of Agnew's life and career. Too often overlooked by students of modern conservatism, Spiro T. Agnew's political career mirrored the transformation of the Republicans from a "big tent" party to a narrower, more conservative, and ideologically purer one in the 1960s and 1970s. Spiro Agnew and the Rise of the Republican Right traces Agnew's life and career and shows how Agnew was a key figure in American politics—and documents how a powerful politician who looked to be headed to the presidency ended up having to resign from the office of the vice president in shame and fade into the shadows of political history. This political biography examines how Spiro Agnew's ideological transformation from a moderate liberal to a conservative spearheaded the rise of the Republican Right. Author Justin P. Coffey, PhD, explores the political, social, and racial aspects of Agnew's career and how he both influenced and was himself shaped by each of these parameters. This book offers an unprecedented study of Agnew's legacy in the present-day context, providing information suited for any reader interested in history or politics and filling a void in the scholarship of the rise of the conservative movement. • Provides a comprehensive scholarly biography of Spiro Agnew, an important 20th-century politician who helped shape the direction of the Republican Party • Presents historical information that documents how the conservatives took control of the Republican Party and caused a key shift in the party's ideology • Helps explain the origins of the ideological divisions of American politics, allowing readers to better understand the current state of the two main political parties • Written by the foremost expert on Agnew and an academic who specializes in recent American history

Civil War Sites

Civil War Sites PDF
Author: Civil War Preservation Trust
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0762752025
Size: 38.77 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 1396

Get Book

This easy-to-use guide, completely revised and updated in clear, concise prose, features more than hundreds of sites in 31 states--solemn battlefields, gracious mansions, state parks, cemeteries, memorials, museums, and more. Specific directions, hours, and contact information help to plan the trip; evocative description and detailed maps help orient you when you're there. Also, boxed sidebars highlight select people and events of the Civil War.

Justice Rising

Justice Rising PDF
Author: Patricia Sullivan
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674259769
Size: 64.56 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 576
View: 3634

Get Book

A leading civil rights historian places Robert Kennedy for the first time at the center of the movement for racial justice of the 1960s—and shows how many of today’s issues can be traced back to that pivotal time. History, race, and politics converged in the 1960s in ways that indelibly changed America. In Justice Rising, a landmark reconsideration of Robert Kennedy’s life and legacy, Patricia Sullivan draws on government files, personal papers, and oral interviews to reveal how he grasped the moment to emerge as a transformational leader. When protests broke out across the South, the young attorney general confronted escalating demands for racial justice. What began as a political problem soon became a moral one. In the face of vehement pushback from Southern Democrats bent on massive resistance, he put the weight of the federal government behind school desegregation and voter registration. Bobby Kennedy’s youthful energy, moral vision, and capacity to lead created a momentum for change. He helped shape the 1964 Civil Rights Act but knew no law would end racism. When the Watts uprising brought calls for more aggressive policing, he pushed back, pointing to the root causes of urban unrest: entrenched poverty, substandard schools, and few job opportunities. RFK strongly opposed the military buildup in Vietnam, but nothing was more important to him than “the revolution within our gates, the struggle of the American Negro for full equality and full freedom.” On the night of Martin Luther King’s assassination, Kennedy’s anguished appeal captured the hopes of a turbulent decade: “In this difficult time for the United States it is perhaps well to ask what kind of nation we are and what direction we want to move in.” It is a question that remains urgent and unanswered.

A Working People

A Working People PDF
Author: Steven A. Reich
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442203331
Size: 75.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 7113

Get Book

In A Working People, historian Steven A. Reich examines the economic, political and cultural forces that have built and broken America’s black workforce for centuries. From the abolition of slavery through the Civil Rights Movement and Great Recession, African Americans have been singularly disadvantaged members of the workforce, repeatedly denied access to the opportunities all Americans are to be afforded under the Constitution.

Rethinking The Black Freedom Movement

Rethinking the Black Freedom Movement PDF
Author: Yohuru Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135980616
Size: 55.70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 142
View: 4060

Get Book

The African American struggle for civil rights in the twentieth century is one of the most important stories in American history. With all the information available, however, it is easy for even the most enthusiastic reader to be overwhelmed. In Rethinking the Black Freedom Movement, Yohuru Williams has synthesized the complex history of this period into a clear and compelling narrative. Considering both the Civil Rights and Black Power movements as distinct but overlapping elements of the Black Freedom struggle, Williams looks at the impact of the struggle for Black civil rights on housing, transportation, education, labor, voting rights, culture, and more, and places the activism of the 1950s and 60s within the context of a much longer tradition reaching from Reconstruction to the present day. Exploring the different strands within the movement, key figures and leaders, and its ongoing legacy, Rethinking the Black Freedom Movement is the perfect introduction for anyone seeking to understand the struggle for Black civil rights in America.

The Civil Rights Movement A Reference Guide 2nd Edition

The Civil Rights Movement  A Reference Guide  2nd Edition PDF
Author: Peter B. Levy
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440863016
Size: 70.12 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 282
View: 573

Get Book

Drawing on the most recent scholarship, The Civil Rights Movement provides a concise overview of the most important social movement of the twentieth century and will expand readers' understanding of the fight for racial equality. • Offers up to date information based on the latest scholarship in the field • Combines analytical essays with historical documents and concise biographies • Examines traditional as well as new themes, from the rise of Martin Luther King, Jr. to the battle against Jim Crow in the North • Ties the historic struggles of the 1950s and 1960s to the movements today against mass incarceration and police abuse

Making Good Neighbors

Making Good Neighbors PDF
Author: Abigail Perkiss
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801470846
Size: 80.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 4204

Get Book

In the 1950s and 1960s, as the white residents, real estate agents, and municipal officials of many American cities fought to keep African Americans out of traditionally white neighborhoods, Philadelphia’s West Mount Airy became one of the first neighborhoods in the nation where residents came together around a community-wide mission toward intentional integration. As West Mount Airy experienced transition, homeowners fought economic and legal policies that encouraged white flight and threatened the quality of local schools, seeking to find an alternative to racial separation without knowing what they would create in its place. In Making Good Neighbors, Abigail Perkiss tells the remarkable story of West Mount Airy, drawing on archival research and her oral history interviews with residents to trace their efforts, which began in the years following World War II and continued through the turn of the twenty-first century. The organizing principles of neighborhood groups like the West Mount Airy Neighbors Association (WMAN) were fundamentally liberal and emphasized democracy, equality, and justice; the social, cultural, and economic values of these groups were also decidedly grounded in middle-class ideals and white-collar professionalism. As Perkiss shows, this liberal, middle-class framework would ultimately become contested by more militant black activists and from within WMAN itself, as community leaders worked to adapt and respond to the changing racial landscape of the 1960s and 1970s. The West Mount Airy case stands apart from other experiments in integration because of the intentional, organized, and long-term commitment on the part of WMAN to biracial integration and, in time, multiracial and multiethnic diversity. The efforts of residents in the 1950s and 1960s helped to define the neighborhood as it exists today.

Critical Companion To Toni Morrison

Critical Companion to Toni Morrison PDF
Author: Carmen Gillespie
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438108575
Size: 76.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 497
View: 7099

Get Book

Toni Morrison, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993, is perhaps the most important living American author. This work examines Morrison's life and writing, featuring critical analyses of her work and themes, as well as entries on related topics and relevant people, places, and influences.