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Between Dissent And Power

Between Dissent and Power PDF
Author: K. Teik
Publisher: Springer
Release: 2014-06-29
ISBN: 1137408804
Size: 69.93 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 282
View: 6615

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Between Dissent And Power

by K. Teik, Between Dissent And Power Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Between Dissent And Power books, This study examines the collective progression of Islamic politics between points of dissent and positions of power. It brings about a more a serious understanding of Islamic politics by critically tracing the pathways by which Islamic politics has been transformed in the Middle East and Asia.



Dissent And Cultural Resistance In Asia S Cities

Dissent and Cultural Resistance in Asia   s Cities PDF
Author: Melissa Butcher
Publisher: Routledge
Release: 2009-03-23
ISBN: 1134007957
Size: 64.80 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 6704

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Dissent And Cultural Resistance In Asia S Cities

by Melissa Butcher, Dissent And Cultural Resistance In Asia S Cities Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dissent And Cultural Resistance In Asia S Cities books, This book documents urban experiences of dissent and emergent resistance against disjunctive global and local capital, technology and labour flows that converge and intersect in some of Asia’s fastest growing cities. Rather than constructing occupants of the city as simply passive victims of globalisation or urbanisation, it presents ways in which people are using everyday strategies embedded in cultural practice to challenge dominant socio-economic and political forces impacting on urban space. Taking the city as a site of contestation and a stage where social conflicts are played out, the book highlights the connections between urban power and dissent; the nature and impact of resistance; how the spatiality and built environment of the city generates conflict and, conversely, how protagonists use the cityscape to stage their everyday and public dissent. The contributors explore the conditions, strategies, and outcomes of such dissent and forms of cultural resistance, and explore the following themes: the impact of urban development, gentrification and ghetto-isation; urban counter narratives and the re-imagining of city spaces; the role of grassroots activism and social movements; cultural resistance in the creation of neighbourhoods and communities; the impact of gender, class and the politics of identity on forms of dissent; the formation of transgressive spaces.



Resistance Power And Conceptions Of Political Order In Islamist Organizations

Resistance  Power and Conceptions of Political Order in Islamist Organizations PDF
Author: Maren Koss
Publisher: Routledge
Release: 2018-01-03
ISBN: 1351599402
Size: 77.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 226
View: 2224

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Resistance Power And Conceptions Of Political Order In Islamist Organizations

by Maren Koss, Resistance Power And Conceptions Of Political Order In Islamist Organizations Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Resistance Power And Conceptions Of Political Order In Islamist Organizations books, This book provides a comprehensive analysis of Islamist organizations' conceptions of political order based on a comparative case study of the Shiite Lebanese Hezbollah and the Sunni Palestinian Hamas. Connecting Islamism research, Critical Constructivist norm research, and resistance studies from the field of International Relations Theory, it demonstrates that resistance constitutes both organizations' core norm and is relevant for their conceptions of political order. Based on primary Arabic data the book illustrates that the core norm of resistance, deeply intertwined with both organizations' interactions towards power preservation and the specific political context they are engaged in, characterizes Hezbollah's and Hamas' respective conceptions of political order and explains the differences between them. In contrast to common perceptions presented in research, politics, and the media, the book shows that in the case of both Hezbollah and Hamas the religious orientation, i.e. Shiite and Sunni Islamist political thought, plays a secondary role only when it comes to explaining Islamist organizations' political orientation. Bringing new insights from cases that lie beyond the Western liberal world order into Critical Constructivist norm research and resistance studies, the book establishes a theoretical framework that enables scholars to comprehensively analyze Islamist organizations' political orientation in different cases without being caught in limited analytical categories. It will be of interest to students and scholars of International Relations Theory, Middle East Studies, and Global Governance.



Islamists And The Politics Of The Arab Uprisings

Islamists and the Politics of the Arab Uprisings PDF
Author: Hendrik Kraetzschmar
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Release: 2018-06-30
ISBN: 1474419283
Size: 43.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 1021

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Islamists And The Politics Of The Arab Uprisings

by Hendrik Kraetzschmar, Islamists And The Politics Of The Arab Uprisings Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Islamists And The Politics Of The Arab Uprisings books, Demonstrates how the textual output of settler emigration shapes the nineteenth-century literary and artistic imagination



Power And Dissent

Power and Dissent PDF
Author: Jessica Alynn Kennedy
Publisher:
Release: 2012
ISBN:
Size: 27.87 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 82
View: 6913

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Power And Dissent

by Jessica Alynn Kennedy, Power And Dissent Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Power And Dissent books, This dissertation examines how power, defined as higher rank in a hierarchy, affects dissent, the expression of disagreement with a value, goal, or practice embraced by a group majority. I examine this relation in the context of ethics in organizations in order to understand whether those higher in organizational hierarchies are more likely to intervene when unethical practices are ongoing in organizations. I propose that although possessing power confers the psychological and social freedom to dissent, the process of attaining power makes individuals unlikely to see the need to dissent. Specifically, I suggest that advancing to a position results in greater identification with the group. By creating this identification, power may lead individuals to adopt the morality embedded in the group. As a result, advancing in the hierarchy may cause individuals to see existing practices as more ethical, and high power individuals may dissent less than those who have not advanced in the hierarchy. I refer to this as the theory of power attainment. On the basis of this theory, I propose a negative relation between power and dissent. I explored this topic in a series of five studies. The first study explored lay perceptions of power and ethics. It examined whether organizational members considered high power individuals more responsible for ethics in organizations, and members' lay theories of how attaining power affects individuals' ethics. In this study, I found that 73 percent of survey respondents believed advancing in a hierarchy makes individuals more responsible for the organization's ethics, but only 42 percent believed that power inclines individuals to do so. Moreover, 42 percent reported that advancing in the hierarchy makes individuals less ethical. Thus, although most individuals perceived high power people to be responsible for organizational ethics, most respondents did not think high power individuals generally fulfill this responsibility. The second study examined the relations between power, group identification, and dissent. It used the priming methodology currently dominant in the research on power to examine two central hypotheses: Power increases group identification and decreases dissent. In this study, I found attaining power enhanced group identification. However, attaining power had no effect on dissent using this approach. The third study examined the effect of power on dissent in a laboratory study. It examined these central hypotheses as the prior study: Those who advance to a position of power in a group identify more with the group and dissent less than individuals who do not advance to power. In this study, individuals ostensibly interacted with a group and were randomly selected or not selected to advance in the group hierarchy. They later had the opportunity to dissent when the group decided whether to lie to obtain additional compensation for participating in the study. In this study, a negative relation between power and dissent emerged. Relative to a control condition, high power individuals dissented less. This occurred regardless of whether groups recommended lying or telling the truth. Low power had no effect on dissent relative to the control condition. Increased group identification among high power individuals explained the negative relation between power and dissent. Attaining power caused greater identification with the group and therefore, less dissent. The findings of Study 3 were puzzling in light of current power research, which has found that power decreases conformity. Study 4 aimed to integrate the findings of Study 3 with the existing power research by examining moral awareness as a moderator of the effect of power on dissent. I predicted that high power individuals would dissent more than others when their personal moral standards were salient due to the freedom power confers, but less when these standards were not salient because power makes individuals more susceptible to social influence from the group. In this study, individuals did or did not advance to a position of power in the group. Then, before they saw an ethically questionable negotiation strategy recommended by the group, they either wrote about the ethical virtues they saw as important in the negotiation (high moral awareness condition) or the goals they saw as important in the negotiation (low moral awareness condition). This study found a main effect of power on views of the group decision's ethicality. High power individuals rated the group's decision as more ethical than did individuals in a control condition. Moral awareness had no effect of power on dissent. Finally, Study 5 examined the relation between power and dissent using archival survey data. In an archival study of over 11,000 employees in 22 U.S. federal government agencies, I found evidence that higher power was associated with lower odds of perceiving and reporting unethical activity. However, among individuals who did perceive unethical activity, higher power was associated with higher odds of dissent, consistent with existing power theory. This research suggests that attaining power changes how individuals react to social influence; power appears to enhance conformity with the choices of those who accorded power. Because this finding stands in stark contrast to prior research on power, this research highlights the value of examining power in a social context. This research also provides one explanation for how unethical practices may persist in organizations. Power confers the psychological and social freedom to dissent and is widely perceived to confer responsibility for ensuring ethical behavior, policies, and practices in organizations. However, advancing in power appears to lead individuals to see the organization's values, goals, and practices as more ethical than they would otherwise. Therefore, by the time individuals achieve the psychological and social freedom to dissent, they may not see the need for dissent. As a result, high power individuals may not intervene to stop unethical practices.



Contemporary Bali

Contemporary Bali PDF
Author: Agung Wardana
Publisher: Springer
Release: 2019-01-25
ISBN: 9811324786
Size: 72.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 289
View: 4716

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Contemporary Bali

by Agung Wardana, Contemporary Bali Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Contemporary Bali books, This book offers a comprehensive examination of spatial and environmental governance in contemporary Bali. In the era of decentralisation, Bali's eight district governments and one municipality acquired a strong sense of authority to extract revenues from within their territorial borders while disregarding the impacts beyond them which has exacerbated environmental, cultural and institutional issues. These issues are addressed through reorganising space. In reality, however, such re-organisation has predominantly been in order to provide space for tourism investments and market expansion. The outcomes of reorganising space are in fact shaped by the dynamics of power that interface with increasingly complex legal and institutional structures. These complex structures provide more arenas for vested interests to manoeuvre, but at the same time provide different forms of legitimacy for local forces to challenge the dominant process. The book demonstrates the mechanisms through which social actors mobilise legal-institutional arrangements to advance their interests.



Islam And Dissent In Postrevolutionary Iran

Islam and Dissent in Postrevolutionary Iran PDF
Author: Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Release: 2008-04-08
ISBN: 1786724928
Size: 11.82 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 679

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Islam And Dissent In Postrevolutionary Iran

by Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Islam And Dissent In Postrevolutionary Iran Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Islam And Dissent In Postrevolutionary Iran books, The Islamic Republic of Iran came into being in 1979, the result of a radical revolution that overhauled not only the foundations of Iranian society, religion and politics, but also our understanding of the role of religion in modern government. Here Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi takes us on an enlightening journey, showing that contrary to widespread assumptions the Iranian revolution opened up the public sphere to competing interpretations of Islam, with profound consequences for the nature of democratic reform. Ghamari-Tabrizi sheds new light on the contingencies within which the new regime evolved, and traces the steps by which the clerical establishment sought to consolidate power during the immediate postrevolutionary period. Contrary to the received view, he argues that the ruling class failed to institute a theocratic regime, and, more significantly, unintentionally established the grounds for civic challenges to government policies underwritten by official interpretations of Islam. Far from being the exclusive preserve of high-ranking seminarians, interpretations of doctrinal Islam in contemporary Iran now form a contested, varied and negotiated discourse in which lay theologians, intellectuals, lawyers and social activists are active and influential interlocutors. Against the background of this unexpected development, Ghamari-Tabrizi addresses the early and late works of Abdolkarim Soroush, an Iranian philosopher who has become one of the most influential Muslim intellectuals in recent years, a leading force behind Iran's pro-democracy movement and vocal critic of the state. Through a close reading of Soroush's evolving ideas, and of the works of Ali Shari`ati, and by tracing the links between Muslim intellectual critique and the realpolitik of postrevolutionary power struggles, Ghamari-Tabrizi offers nothing less than a pathbreaking reassessment of the Iranian revolution. In so doing, he demonstrates how democratic transformation in Muslim societies has taken place by means of a public engagement with the teachings of Islam and highlights a most significant, if unintended, consequences of the Iranian revolution - namely the secularization of Islam. Drawing on a wealth of sources and with powerful insights, 'Islam and Dissent' is essential for an understanding of the Muslim world today and of the new relationships between religion, culture and political power visible across the globe.



Situating Global Resistance

Situating Global Resistance PDF
Author: Lara Montesinos Coleman
Publisher: Routledge
Release: 2013-09-13
ISBN: 1135725322
Size: 19.32 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 7111

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Situating Global Resistance

by Lara Montesinos Coleman, Situating Global Resistance Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Situating Global Resistance books, The book examines some of the ways in which contemporary forms of political dissent are situated within processes of global ordering. Grounded in analysis of concrete practices of discipline and dissent in specific contexts, it explores the ways in which resistance can be shaped by dominant ways of thinking, seeing or enacting politics and by the multiform relations of power at play in the making of global order. The contributions, written from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, address themes such as the processes through which particular sorts of resisting subjects are produced; the politics of knowledge in which resisting practices are embedded; the ways in which visual technologies are deployed within and towards oppositional practices; and the politics of gender, race and class within spaces of contestation. The volume thus opens up space for critical reflection and inter-disciplinary dialogue on what it means to be a resisting subject and on the interplay between the power and counter-power in global order. This book was published as a special issue of Globalizations.



Industrial Clusters Migrant Workers And Labour Markets In India

Industrial Clusters  Migrant Workers  and Labour Markets in India PDF
Author: S. Uchikawa
Publisher: Springer
Release: 2014-07-15
ISBN: 1137408774
Size: 75.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 4404

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Industrial Clusters Migrant Workers And Labour Markets In India

by S. Uchikawa, Industrial Clusters Migrant Workers And Labour Markets In India Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Industrial Clusters Migrant Workers And Labour Markets In India books, This book analyzes three points: employment conditions for migrant workers, the impact of industrialization as part of industrial clusters upon surrounding and outlying villages, and the labour market in industrial clusters. This book examines the cases of two newly developed industrial clusters: Ludhiana in Punjab and Tiruppur in Tamil Nadu.