Alternative Visions Of Post War Reconstruction

Alternative Visions of Post War Reconstruction PDF
Author: John Pendlebury
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317698657
Size: 79.20 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 258
View: 1742

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The history of post Second World War reconstruction has recently become an important field of research around the world; Alternative Visions of Post-War Reconstruction is a provocative work that questions the orthodoxies of twentieth century design history. This book provides a key critical statement on mid-twentieth century urban design and city planning, focused principally upon the period between the start of the Second World War to the mid-sixties. The various figures and currents covered here represent a largely overlooked field within the history of 20th century urbanism. In this period while certain modernist practices assumed an institutional role for post-war reconstruction and flourished into the mainstream, such practices also faced opposition and criticism leading to the production of alternative visions and strategies. Spanning from a historically-informed modernism to the increasing presence of urban conservation the contributors examine these alternative approaches to the city and its architecture.

Rebuilding Britain S Blitzed Cities

Rebuilding Britain s Blitzed Cities PDF
Author: Catherine Flinn
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350067636
Size: 34.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 148

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Many British cities were devastated by bombing during the Second World War and faced stark economic dilemmas concerning reconstruction planning and implementation after 1945. How did politicians, civil servants and local authorities manage to produce the cities we live in today? Rebuilding Britain's Blitzed Cities examines the underlying processes and pressures, especially financial and bureaucratic, which shaped postwar urbanism in Britain. Catherine Flinn integrates architectural planning with in-depth economic and political analyses of Britain's blitzed cities for the first time. She examines early reconstruction arrangements, the postwar economic apparatus and the challenges of postwar physical planning across the country, while providing insightful case studies from the cities of Hull, Exeter and Liverpool. By addressing the ideology versus the reality of reconstruction in postwar Britain, Rebuilding Britain's Blitzed Cities highlights the importance of economic and political factors for understanding the British postwar built environment.

Stadtplanung F R Die Welt

Stadtplanung f  r die Welt  PDF
Author: Phillip Wagner
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647370444
Size: 18.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 400
View: 4886

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Grenzübergreifende Expertennetzwerke fungierten im 20. Jahrhundert als Foren für die Entwicklung wissenschaftsbasierter Ordnungskonzepte, mit denen gesellschaftliche Probleme planerisch gelöst werden sollten. Dennoch besaßen diese Zusammenschlüsse keine Sanktionsmittel für die Durchsetzung ihrer Ideen. Außerdem waren sie anfällig für fachliche und politische Konflikte. Doch wie konnten Expertennetzwerke trotz dieser Spannungen als grenzüberschreitende Foren funktionieren? Welchen Beitrag lieferten sie außerdem für die Verbreitung und Durchsetzung szientistischer Ordnungskonzepte? Die Studie untersucht diese Fragen anhand der International Federation for Housing and Town Planning (IFHTP), die mit der Stadtplanung ein markantes Expertisefeld repräsentierte und darüberhinaus eines der größten Netzwerke ihrer Art war, an der sich Planer aus Europa, den USA und zeitweise den Kolonien beteiligten. Anhand der IFHTP und ihren spannungsvollen Bezügen zu anderen Netzwerken sowie dem Völkerbund und den UN argumentiert die Studie, dass die Protagonisten der Expertenverbände unterschiedliche Internationalisierungspraktiken entwickelten, mit denen sie Expertenwissen konstruierten und Ordnungskonzepte universalisierten. Auf diese Weise förderten sie die Aneignung ihrer Forderungen in den jeweiligen beteiligten Gesellschaften. Indem die Studie den Wandel der Internationalisierungspraktiken erstmals umfassend kulturgeschichtlich analysiert, wirft sie neues Licht auf die Konjunkturen des Experteninternationalismus.

Lebensreform Um 1900 Und Alternativmilieu Um 1980

Lebensreform um 1900 und Alternativmilieu um 1980 PDF
Author: Detlef Siegfried
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3847010123
Size: 12.88 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 429
View: 2334

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Als in den 1960er Jahren die »Hippies« aufkamen, erkannten darin manche eine »neue Jugendbewegung«. Tatsächlich fanden sich im alternativen Milieu der 1970er und 1980er Jahre nicht wenige Praktiken, politische Ideen und habituelle Muster, die an die Lebensreformbewegung der Jahrhundertwende erinnerten: freie Sexualität und Freikörperkultur, Siedlung auf dem Lande, alternative Haartracht und Bekleidung, Kritik der modernen Gesellschaft, Streben nach Gemeinschaft, politischer Radikalismus. Zugleich unterschieden sich die Kontexte dieser Kritik: Urbanisierung und industrielle Moderne auf der einen, postindustrieller und, auf der kulturellen Ebene, postmoderner »Strukturbruch« auf der anderen Seite. Die Beiträgerinnen und Beiträger untersuchen zum einen, inwieweit sich diese Phänomene ähneln oder unterscheiden, und zum anderen fragen sie nach den Verbindungslinien personeller oder institutioneller Art sowie den Rezeptionsmustern der Lebensreform im Alternativmilieu. When the “hippies” emerged in the 1960s, contemporary observers spoke of a “new youth movement”, relating them to the Jugendbewegung of the early 20th century. In fact, there were quite a few practices, political ideas, and habitual patterns in the alternative milieu of the 1970s and 1980s, which seemed to be familiar from the Lebensreform (life reform) movement of the turn of the century: free sexuality and nudism, settlement in the countryside, alternative hairstyles and clothing, criticism of modern society, striving for community, and political radicalism. At the same time, the contexts of this critique differed: urbanization and industrial modernity on the one hand, postindustrial and, on the cultural level, postmodern “structural break” on the other. The volume examines the extent to which the two phenomena were similar, but also looks at differences, personal or institutional links and patterns of reception.

Cities Beyond Borders

Cities Beyond Borders PDF
Author: Nicolas Kenny
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317165993
Size: 16.48 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 262
View: 433

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Drawing on a body of research covering primarily Europe and the Americas, but stretching also to Asia and Africa, from the mid-eighteenth century to the present, this book explores the methodological and heuristic implications of studying cities in relation to one another. Moving fluidly between comparative and transnational methods, as well as across regional and national lines, the contributors to this volume demonstrate the necessity of this broader view in assessing not just the fundamentals of urban life, the way cities are occupied and organised on a daily basis, but also the urban mindscape, the way cities are imagined and represented. In doing so the volume provides valuable insights into the advantages and limitations of using multiple cities to form historical inquiries.

Photography Reconstruction And The Cultural History Of The Postwar European City

Photography  Reconstruction and the Cultural History of the Postwar European City PDF
Author: Tom Allbeson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000184978
Size: 46.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Photography
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 881

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Examining imagery of urban space in Britain, France and West Germany up to the early 1960s, this book reveals how photography shaped individual architectural projects and national rebuilding efforts alike. Exploring the impact of urban photography at a pivotal moment in contemporary European architecture and culture, this book addresses case studies spanning the destruction of the war to the modernizing reconfiguration of city spaces, including ruin photobooks about bombed cities, architectural photography of housing projects and imagery of urban life from popular photomagazines, as well as internationally renowned projects like UNESCO’s Paris Headquarters, Coventry Cathedral and Berlin’s Gedächtniskirche. This book reveals that the ways of seeing shaped in the postwar years by urban photography were a vital aspect of not only discourses on the postwar city but also debates central to popular culture, from commemoration and modernization to democratization and Europeanization. This book will be a fascinating read for researchers in the fields of photography and visual studies, architectural and urban history, and cultural memory and contemporary European history.

Rethinking Postwar Europe

Rethinking Postwar Europe PDF
Author: Barbara Lange
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3412514012
Size: 25.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 268
View: 1192

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The book “Rethinking Postwar Europe” offers an in-depth insight into the largely unexplored topic of artistic practices in the 1940s and 1950s in Europe which until recently had been obscured by ideologies of the Cold War. Thanks to the authors’ diverse methodological backgrounds, the volume presents – for the first time – a comprehensive multilayered narrative, focusing on the complexities and entanglements in the artistic field. Instead of assessing the postwar period in the traditional way as divided by the Iron Curtain, the contributions investigate processes of contact, interaction, dissemination, overlapping, and networking. Consequently, the analysis of a diversified European modernism in both its aesthetic and its socio-political dimension resonates with all the different case studies. In particular, the volume looks at how artists developed, designed and (re)negotiated identities and discourses, and sheds new light on the power of art – and creative powers in general – in a postwar setting of mutilations, losses, and devastations.

Authentic Reconstruction

Authentic Reconstruction PDF
Author: John Bold
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1474284051
Size: 78.73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 2375

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Notions of authenticity lie at the heart of many questions about heritage and identity in the built environment. These questions are most pertinent when buildings have been destroyed in disaster or war, and the built fabric is being reconstructed to reinstate traditional or historic appearances in place of what was lost. Authentic Reconstruction examines this idea of reconstruction, using it as a prompt to examine a range of deeper issues on heritage and the built environment. From post-WWII reconstruction programmes through to the rebuilding of historic cultural landscapes lost in natural disasters, this collection of essays by heritage specialists provides a wide range of case-studies and discussions. Each presents responses to crises and lessons learned, in order to extrapolate general guidelines for future actions by politicians, architects and planners in reconstructing buildings. The book also looks beyond disaster and war, noting how authenticity bears on political intentions and image building, exploring how reconstruction is used to tell a political or historical story, so conditioning the ways in which the built environment is perceived and appreciated by its users. This is not just about the buildings as bricks and mortar, but about perceptions of identity and the social and historical values which buildings and spaces embody for a richly diverse population. This book will be valuable to all who are concerned with heritage as practitioners or consumers, particularly those concerned with reconstruction and the creation of authentic places and experiences: architects, architectural historians, town planners, preservationists, conservationists, and those involved in heritage management and material culture.

Brokers Of Modernity

Brokers of Modernity PDF
Author: Martin Kohlrausch
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9462701725
Size: 46.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 2690

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The story of modernist architects in East Central Europe The first half of the twentieth century witnessed the rise of modernist architects. Brokers of Modernity reveals how East Central Europe turned into one of the pre-eminent testing grounds of the new belief system of modernism. By combining the internationalism of the CIAM organization and the modernising aspirations of the new states built after 1918, the reach of modernist architects extended far beyond their established fields. Yet, these architects paid a price when Europe’s age of extremes intensified. Mainly drawing on Polish, but also wider Central and Eastern European cases, this book delivers a pioneering study of the dynamics of modernist architects as a group, including how they became qualified, how they organized, communicated and attempted to live the modernist lifestyle themselves. In doing so, Brokers of Modernity raises questions concerning collective work in general and also invites us to examine the social role of architects today. Ebook available in Open Access. This publication is GPRC-labeled (Guaranteed Peer-Reviewed Content).

Epochenbr Che Im 20 Jahrhundert

Epochenbr  che im 20  Jahrhundert PDF
Author: Gerhard Botz
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien
ISBN: 3205205049
Size: 76.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 277
View: 7395

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1917/18, 1945 und 1989/91 waren ohne Zweifel die wesentlichen Zäsuren des 20. Jahrhunderts. Das Ende des Ersten Weltkrieges und die russische Revolution, der Zusammenbruch von vier großen Imperien, die neue europäische Landkarte der Zwischenkriegsjahre, das Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieges, die Etablierung einer bipolaren Welt im anschließenden "Kalten Krieg", die Teilung Europas und schließlich die Überwindung dieser Teilung 1989, der Zusammenbruch des sowjetischen Blocks und schließlich der Sowjetunion selbst. 17 Autoren zeichnen ein detailreiches, faszinierendes Bild dieser entscheidenden Jahre des Jahrhunderts und decken dabei neben den Brüchen in Politik, Wirtschaft, Militär, Gesellschaft und Wissenschaft auch jene Kontinuitäten auf, die bis heute wirken.

Living Under The Threat Of Earthquakes

Living Under the Threat of Earthquakes PDF
Author: Jörn H. Kruhl
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319680447
Size: 47.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 326
View: 4657

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This book addresses earthquakes, with a special focus on the Ghorka earthquake, which struck parts of central Nepal in April 2015. Drawing on this disastrous event, it closely examines various aspects of earthquakes in contributions prepared by international experts. The topics covered include: the geological and geophysical background of seismicity; a detailed inventory of the damage done by the earthquake; effective damage prevention through earthquake-safe buildings and settlements; restoration options for world-heritage buildings; strategies for providing technical and medical relief and, lastly, questions associated with public life and economy in a high-risk seismic zone. Combining perspectives from various fields, the book presents the state of the art in all earthquake-related fields and outlines future approaches to risk identification, damage prevention, and disaster management in all parts of society, administration, and politics in Nepal. Beyond the specific disaster in Nepal, the findings presented here will have broader implications for how societies can best deal with disasters.

Heart And Soul

Heart And Soul PDF
Author: Martin J. Power
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1786603365
Size: 66.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 4421

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Based on up-to-date original research, Heart And Soul brings together established and newly emerging scholars who provide detailed examinations the many layers of this multi-faceted and influential band and their singer, the late Ian Curtis, in particular.

Raw Concrete

Raw Concrete PDF
Author: Barnabas Calder
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448151295
Size: 22.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 3401

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SHORTLISTED FOR THE ALICE DAVIS HITCHCOCK AWARD 'Brilliant' ELAIN HARWOOD 'Part history, part aesthetic autobiography, wholly engaging and liable to convince those procrastinators sitting (uncomfortably) on the concrete fence' JONATHAN MEADES 'A learned and passionate book' SIMON BRADLEY, author of The Railways 'A compelling and evocative read, meticulously researched, and filled with insight and passion' KATE GOODWIN, Head of Architecture, Royal Academy of Arts _______________________________ The raw concrete buildings of the 1960s constitute the greatest flowering of architecture the world has ever seen. The biggest construction boom in history promoted unprecedented technological innovation and an explosion of competitive creativity amongst architects, engineers and concrete-workers. The Brutalist style was the result. Today, after several decades in the shadows, attitudes towards Brutalism are slowly changing, but it is a movement that is still overlooked, and grossly underrated. Raw Concrete overturns the perception of Brutalist buildings as the penny-pinching, utilitarian products of dutiful social concern. Instead it looks a little closer, uncovering the luxuriously skilled craft and daring engineering with which the best buildings of the 1960s came into being: magnificent architectural visions serving clients rich and poor, radical and conservative. Beginning in a tiny hermitage on the remote north Scottish coast, and ending up backstage at the National Theatre, Raw Concrete embarks on a wide-ranging journey through Britain over the past sixty years, stopping to examine how eight extraordinary buildings were made - from commission to construction - why they have been so vilified, and why they are beginning to be loved. In it, Barnabas Calder puts forward a powerful case: Brutalism is the best architecture there has ever been, and perhaps the best there ever will be.

Boom Cities

Boom Cities PDF
Author: Otto Saumarez Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192573470
Size: 13.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 943

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Boom Cities is the first published history of the profound transformations of British city centres in the 1960s. It has often been said that urban planners did more damage to Britain's cities than even the Luftwaffe had managed, and this study details the rise and fall of modernist urban planning, revealing its origins and the dissolution of the cross-party consensus, before the ideological smearing that has ever since characterized the high-rise towers, dizzying ring roads, and concrete precincts that were left behind. The rebuilding of British city centres during the 1960s drastically affected the built form of urban Britain, including places ranging from traditional cathedral cities through to the decaying towns of the industrial revolution. Boom Cities uncovers both the planning philosophy, and the political, cultural, and legislative background that created the conditions for these processes to occur across the country. Boom Cities reveals the role of architect-planners in these transformations. The book also provides an unconventional account of the end of modernist approaches to the built environment, showing it from the perspective of planning and policy elites, rather than through the emergence of public opposition to planning.