A Basic Grammar Of Ugaritic Language

A Basic Grammar of Ugaritic Language PDF
Author: Stanislav Segert
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520039995
Size: 71.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 213
View: 7191

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In 1929, the first cuneiform tablet, inscribed with previously unknown signs, was found during archeological excavations at Ras Shamra (ancient Ugarit) in northern Syria. Since then a special discipline, sometimes called Ugaritology, has arisen. The impact of the Ugaritic language and of the many texts written in it has been felt in the study of Semitic languages and literatures, in the history of the ancient Near East, and especially in research devoted to the Hebrew Bible. In fact, knowledge of Ugaritic has become a standard prerequisite for the scientific study of the Old Testament. The Ugaritic texts, written in the fourteenth and thirteenth centuries B. c., represent the oldest complex of connected texts in any West Semitic language now available (1984). Their language is of critical importance for comparative Semitic linguistics and is uniquely important to the critical study of Biblical Hebrew. Ugaritic, which was spoken in a northwestern corner of the larger Canaanite linguistic area, cannot be considered a direct ancestor of Biblical Hebrew, but its conservative character can help in the reconstruction of the older stages of Hebrew phonology, word formation, and inflection. These systems were later-that is, during the period in which the biblical texts were actually written-complicated by phonological and other changes. The Ugaritic texts are remarkable, however, for more than just their antiquity and their linguistic witness. They present a remarkably vigorous and mature literature, one containing both epic cycles and shorter poems. The poetic structure of Ugaritic is noteworthy, among other reasons, for its use of the "parallelism of members" that also characterizes such ancient and archaizing poems in the Hebrew Bible as the Song of Deborah (in Judges 5), the Song of the Sea (in Exodus 15), Psalms 29, 68, and 82, and Habakkuk 3. Textual sources and their rendering The basic source for the study of Ugaritic is a corpus of texts written in an alphabetic cuneiform script unknown before 1929; this script represents consonants fully and exactly but gives only limited and equivocal indication of vowels. Our knowledge of the Ugaritic language is supple-mented by evidence from Akkadian texts found at Ugarit and containing many Ugaritic words, especially names written in the syllabic cuneiform script. Scholars reconstructing the lost language of Ugarit draw, finally, on a wide variety of comparative linguistic data, data from texts not found at Ugarit, as well as from living languages. Evidence from Phoenician, Hebrew, Amorite, Aramaic, Arabic, Akkadian, Ethiopic, and recently also Eblaitic, can be applied to good effect. For the student, as well as for the research scholar, it is important that the various sources of U garitic be distinguished in modern transliteration or transcription. Since many of the texts found at Ugarit are fragmentary or physically damaged, it is well for students to be clear about what portion of a text that they are reading actually survives and what portion is a modern attempt to fill in the blanks. While the selected texts in section 8 reflect the state of preservation in detail, in the other sections of the grammar standardized forms are presented, based on all available evidence.

A Grammar Of The Ugaritic Language

A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language PDF
Author: Daniel Sivan
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9047427211
Size: 48.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages :
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Ugaritic, discovered in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay tablets and dated between the 14th and the 12th centuries B.C.E. The documents are of various types: literary, administrative, lexicological. The administrative documents shed light on the organization of Ugarit, thus contributing greatly to our understanding of the history and culture of the biblical and North-West Semitic world. This important reference work deals with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic and contains an appendix with text selections.

An Introduction To Ugaritic

An Introduction to Ugaritic PDF
Author: John Huehnergard
Publisher: Hendrickson Publishers
ISBN: 1598568205
Size: 74.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 246
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Respected linguist John Huehnergard brings his vast knowledge in comparative Semitic linguistics to this introductory Ugaritic grammar. Ugaritic represents better than any other the antecedents of the language and literature of ancient Israel. The Ugaritic letters and texts present a vivid picture of life in a large Levantine city in the period just before the beginning of the kingdom of Israel.

A Manual Of Ugaritic

A Manual of Ugaritic PDF
Author: Pierre Bordreuil
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 1575066521
Size: 57.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 368
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Pierre Bordreuil and Dennis Pardee are two of the best-known scholars doing research on the language and texts of the ancient city of Ugarit (modern Tell Ras Shamra). This grammar was first published in French in 2004 in two volumes; and Eisenbrauns is pleased to make it available now in a corrected and updated version, in one volume, with significant enhancements. In addition to including all of the information present in the French edition, this English edition includes a CD with a complete, hyperlinked PDF version of the grammar. The book includes a historical introduction to the texts and language, the book includes a sketch of the grammar of Ugaritic, a bibliography, facsimiles (hand-copies) of a number of texts, and a glossary and text concordance—in short, everything that a student needs for entrée into the language. On the CD, in addition to the PDF, color photos of all of the texts included in the book are provided. The hyperlinks to the PDF enable the reader to move easily from the discussion in the grammar to a copy of a text to the color photo of the text and back again, making the material much more accessible and usable for students and researchers. Pierre Bordreuil inaugurated a chair in Ugaritic at the écoles des langues et civilisations orientales at the Institut catholique de Paris. Dennis Pardee teaches in the Dept. of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

A Primer On Ugaritic

A Primer on Ugaritic PDF
Author: William M. Schniedewind
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139466984
Size: 45.87 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages :
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A Primer on Ugaritic is an introduction to the language of the ancient city of Ugarit, a city that flourished in the second millennium BCE on the Lebanese coast, placed in the context of the culture, literature, and religion of this ancient Semitic culture. The Ugaritic language and literature was a precursor to Canaanite and serves as one of our most important resources for understanding the Old Testament and the Hebrew language. Special emphasis is placed on contextualization of the Ugaritic language and comparison to ancient Hebrew as well as Akkadian. The book begins with a general introduction to ancient Ugarit, and the introduction to the various genres of Ugaritic literature is placed in the context of this introduction. The language is introduced by genre, beginning with prose and letters, proceeding to administrative, and finally introducing the classic examples of Ugaritic epic. A summary of the grammar, a glossary, and a bibliography round out the volume.

Basics Of Ancient Ugaritic

Basics of Ancient Ugaritic PDF
Author: Michael Williams
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780310495925
Size: 49.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 143
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This teaching grammar on Ugaritic---Basics of Ancient Ugaritic by Michael Williams---begins with the alphabet, and each new lesson builds on the ones before it. Each chapter concludes with a set of exercises that enables students to know whether he or she is grasping the fundamentals of the language.

Ugaritic Textbook

Ugaritic Textbook PDF
Author: Cyrus Herzl Gordon
Publisher: Gregorian Biblical BookShop
ISBN: 9788876532382
Size: 79.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 553
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A thorough introduction to the Ugaritic language. It also delineates new links with the Bible and with the Aegean world. Since its publication it has become a classic tool for the study of Ugaritic texts.

Der Nahe Und Mittlere Osten

Der Nahe und Mittlere Osten PDF
Author: Daniel Sivan
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789004106147
Size: 40.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Ugaritic language
Languages : en
Pages : 327
View: 6418

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Der Tod Als Herrscher In Ugarit Und Israel

Der Tod als Herrscher in Ugarit und Israel PDF
Author: Stefanie Ulrike Gulde
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161492143
Size: 60.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : de
Pages : 283
View: 4386

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English summary: Human beings have always been interested in the phenomenon of death. Since no living person can have any knowledge about death itself, the exchange of information on this subject in all cultures and eras has largely been in pictures, and in particular metaphors. Using the phenomenon of death as an example, Stefanie Ulrike Gulde studies the special possibilities provided by pictorial language in the Old Testament. All the figures which symbolize death, whether as a glutton, an intruder or a robber, a shepherd or a partner in the covenant, have one thing in common: death is always shown as a ruler. As expected, this attribute reflects the helplessness of human beings where death and dying are concerned. German description: Das Phanomen 'Tod' beschaftigte den Menschen zu allen Zeiten, was sich unter anderem darin zeigt, dass der Austausch uber den Tod eine betrachtliche Menge an Literatur pragt. Da uber den Tod an sich kein Lebender Wissen haben kann, erfolgt dieser Austausch durch alle Kulturen und Zeiten hindurch zum Grossteil uber bildsprachliche, besonders metaphorische Versuche. Stefanie Ulrike Gulde untersucht anhand des Phanomens 'Tod' die besonderen Moglichkeiten von Bildsprache im Alten Testament und seiner Umwelt. Gleichzeitig konzentriert sich die Autorin auf ganz bestimmte bildsprachliche Annaherungen an den Tod, die im Vorderen Alten Orient kursierten und dann auch im Alten Testament zu finden sind. Es ist der Tod als Figur, der motivgeschichtlich betrachtet wird. Diese Figur tritt in zwei unterschiedlichen Traditionen in Erscheinung, was Ruckschlusse auf den Austausch zwischen den agyptischen, mesopotamischen und westsyrischen Kulturkreisen zulasst. Beide Traditionen finden sich erwartungsgemass im Alten Testament wieder. Doch sind dort auch weitere Figuren des Todes erhalten, die keine Parallelen zu Personifikationen aus der Umwelt des Alten Testaments zu haben scheinen. Sie zeugen vom souveranen Umgang der biblischen Autoren mit althergebrachten Motiven und Traditionen. Eine Gemeinsamkeit findet sich dennoch bei den verschiedenen Todesfiguren, sei es als Fresser, Eindringling oder Rauber, Hirte oder Bundespartner: Immer ist der Tod als Herrscher dargestellt. Erwartungsgemass spiegelt dieses Attribut die Erfahrung der Machtlosigkeit der Menschen wieder, wenn es um Sterben und Tod geht.

Handbuch Der Orientalistik

Handbuch Der Orientalistik PDF
Author: Daniel Sivan
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789004122932
Size: 43.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Ugaritic language
Languages : en
Pages : 330
View: 4050

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Annotation Ugaritic, discovered in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay tablets (about 1250 texts) and dated from the period between the 14th and the 12th centuries B.C.E. The documents are of various types: literary, administrative, lexicological. Numerous Ugaritic tablets contain portions of a poetic cycle pertaining to the Ugaritic pantheon. Another part, the administrative documents shed light on the organization of Ugarit, thus contributing greatly to our understanding of the history and culture of the biblical and North-West Semitic world. This important reference work, a revised and translated edition of the author's Hebrew publication (Beer Sheva, 1993), deals with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic. The book contains also an appendix with text selections.